[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent research has shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) which were cultured for long time could transform malignantly, the transformation mechanism is not clear yet, it might be associated with the activation of oncogenes and inactivation of tumor suppressor genes. In our initial investigation, we found that the cells arising from human embryonic muscle could spontaneously transform into malignancy in vitro and we obtained 6 immortalized cell lines. In this study, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to assay several tumor suppressor genes of these cell lines, and homozygous deletions within chromosomal band 9p2l including MTAP (methylthioadenosine phosphorylase), p16 and p15 were detected. PCR products of p53 exons 7 and 8 of these novel tumor cell lines were assayed by sequencing, and the results showed high prevalence of mutations in these regions, the mutation rate reached as high as 8% in exon 7 and 14% in exon 8, and all of them were point mutations, the intron 7 changed more significantly, including piece deletion, insertion, frameshift and point mutation, it showed almost no similarity to that of the wt p53 sequence, that was totally different from other p53 mutation data published. All the mutation sequences were identical in 6 cell lines, this suggest that there may be a common mutation mechanism and strong selective advantage in these novel tumor cell lines over long-term culture. In conclusion, our research shows that the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes may play an important role in the process of malignant transformation of embryonic muscle cells in vitro.
No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Oncology Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma (CS) is a rare, highly malignant variant of CS in which a high-grade sarcoma coexists with a low-grade chondroid tumor. In this study, a novel dedifferentiated CS cell line, MS0812, was spontaneously established from mutated human embryonic muscle cells. Several features of the cell line were investigated, including growth characteristics, cytogenetics, electron microscopic features, expression of various antigenic markers and tumor formation. MS0812 has been cultured continuously for more than 3 years. The growth characteristics of MS0812 are similar to the immortalized cell lines as reported. The cell line exhibited complex karyotypes and hyperploidy, the chromosome number ranged from 50 to 158. MS0812 was positive for vimentin, desmin and muscle actin, indicating their muscle origin. With specific inductive condition, MS0812 differentiates into neural cells and adipocytes. Deletion of the p16 gene, which seemed to play a major role in the malignant phenotype of this cell line, was confirmed by PCR and immunocytochemistry. MS0812 formed tumors in nude mice, and the tumor revealed a fibrosarcoma with chondroid components, which were consistent with dedifferentiated CS as reported. Chondroid components showed metachromasia by Alcian blue and toluidine blue and were S100 and collagen-II positive. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the establishment of a human dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma from mutated human embryonic muscle cells, and it is a useful model for the study of the molecular pathogenesis of dedifferentiated CS.
No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · International Journal of Molecular Medicine