[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the absorbed dose to AL2O3 dosimeter at various depths of water phantom in radiotherapy photon beams by Monte Carlo simulation and evaluate the beam quality dependence.
The simulations were done using EGSnrc. The cylindrical Al2O3 dosimeter (Phi4 mm x 1 mm) was placed at the central axis of the water phantom (Phi16 cm x 16 cm) at depths between 0.5 and 8 cm. The incident beams included monoenergetic photon beams ranging from 1 to 18 MeV, 60Co gamma beams, Varian 6 MV beams using phase space files based on a full simulation of the linac, and Varian beams between 4 and 24 MV using Mohan's spectra. The absorbed dose to the dosimeter and the water at the corresponding position in the absence of the dosimeter, as well as absorbed dose ratio factor fmd, was calculated.
The results show that fmd depends obviously on the photon energy at the shallow depths. However, as the depth increases, the change in fmd becomes small, beyond the buildup region, the maximum discrepancy of fmd to the average value is not more than 1%.
These simulation results confirm the use of Al2O3 dosimeter in radiotherapy photon beams and clearly indicate that more attention should be paid when using such a dosimeter in the buildup region of high-energy radiotherapy photon beams.