Midori Ninomiya

National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Кодаиры, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (14)38.49 Total impact

  • M Richards · S Chiba · M Ninomiya · C Wakabayasi · H Kunugi
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Weight gain and metabolic abnormalities are common side effects of antipsychotic treatment. Retinoids have been suggested as promising substances to suppress obesity. This study has investigated the effects of a retinoid agonist AM-80 on olanzapine-induced weight gain and metabolic changes in rats. Methods: Female Sprague-Dawley rats (7 weeks) were treated with AM-80 (1 mg/kg/day, subcutaneously) and/or olanzapine (4 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally) for 21 days. Body weight and food/water intake were measured daily. The open field (OFT) and prepulse inhibition (PPI) tests were done on days 18 and 21, respectively. Animals were sacrificed on day 22 to measure weight of adipose tissues and serum levels of adiponectin and leptin levels. Results: Olanzapine significantly increased body weight, food/water intake and the mass of inguinal adipose tissue (IAT) compared to vehicle-treated rats. AM-80 demonstrated significant inhibition of weight gain. No significant effect of olanzapine or AM-80 was found on behaviors or serum adiponectin/leptin levels. Conclusion: These findings suggests that AM-80 is a potential therapeutic agent to attenuate weight gain and metabolic side effects associated with olanzapine.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Pharmacopsychiatry
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    ABSTRACT: Contributions from estrogen receptor subtypes (ERα and ERβ) to postpartum anxiogenic and depressive responses remain unresolved in rats. Using the elevated-plus maze (EPM) and forced swim (FS) tests, we confirmed that primiparous rats exhibited anxiogenic and depressive responses 3 weeks postpartum, improved 5 weeks postpartum (EPM), and recovered at 5 (FS) or 10 weeks postpartum (EPM) compared with diestrus nulliparous females. Immunohistochemistry suggested that these behavioral changes were temporally associated with decreased ERα but not ERβ expression in the medial amygdala (MEA). Additionally, ERα expression in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) significantly increased 10 weeks postpartum. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression was significantly elevated in the MEA 3 weeks postpartum. BDNF receptor tropomyosin-related kinase (TrkB) expression was significantly elevated in the MEA at 3 and 10 weeks, but not at 5 weeks postpartum. The phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (pERK2) in the MEA, MPOA and hippocampal CA1 region was significantly elevated 3 and 5 weeks postpartum. The effects of single daily subcutaneous injections of the ER|ga-selective agonist, propyl pyrazoletriol (PPT); ERβ-selective agonist, diarylpropionitrile (DPN); 17β-estradiol (E2); and vehicle for 6 days in primiparous rats were assessed. PPT and E2 significantly produced anxiolytic and antidepressant actions in the EPM and FS tests, but PPT to a lesser degree than E2 in the EPM test. DPN affected the EPM test, but was not significantly different from vehicle. BDNF expression was significantly increased 3 weeks postpartum by all treatments in the MPOA, but not the CA1 and MEA. E2 and PPT treatment significantly increased TrkB and pERK1/2 expression in the MEA and MPOA, and increased pERK1/2 expression in the CA1.The onset of anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in postpartum rats may be partly caused by a complex estrogen-mediated mechanism; nevertheless, changes in the ERα-related system, likely in the MEA, are predominantly involved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Stress and the resulting increase in glucocorticoid levels have been implicated in the pathophysiology of depressive disorders. We investigated the effects of chronic restraint stress (CRS: 6 hours × 28 days) on anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in rats and on the possible changes in glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression as well as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-dependent neural function in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). We observed significant reductions in body weight gain, food intake and sucrose preference from 1 week after the onset of CRS. In the 5th week of CRS, we conducted open-field (OFT), elevated plus-maze (EPM) and forced swim tests (FST). We observed a decrease in the number of entries into open arms during the EPM (anxiety-like behavior) and increased immobility during the FST (depression-like behavior). When the PFC was removed after CRS and subject to western blot analysis, the GR expression reduced compared with control, while the levels of BDNF and its receptors remained unchanged. Basal glutamate concentrations in PFC acute slice which were measured by high performance liquid chromatography were not influenced by CRS. However, BDNF-induced glutamate release was attenuated after CRS. These results suggest that reduced GR expression and altered BDNF function may be involved in chronic stress-induced anxiety--and depression-like behaviors.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Neuroscience Research
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    ABSTRACT: L-Theanine (N-ethyl-L: -glutamine) is an amino acid uniquely found in green tea and historically considered to be a relaxing agent. It is a glutamate derivative and has an affinity for glutamatergic receptors. However, its psychotropic effects remain unclear. To elucidate effects of L: -theanine on psychiatric disease-related behaviors in mice and its molecular basis focusing on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and N-methyl-D: -aspartate (NMDA) receptor. We examined the effects of L: -theanine on behaviors in mice by using the open-field test (OFT), forced swim test (FST), elevated plus-maze test (EPMT), and prepulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle. By western blot analysis, we looked at the effect of L: -theanine on the expression of BDNF and related proteins in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. To determine whether L: -theanine has agonistic action on the NMDA receptor, we performed Fluo-3 intracellular Ca(2+) imaging in cultured cortical neurons. Single administration of L: -theanine significantly attenuated MK-801-induced deficits in PPI. Subchronic administration (3-week duration) of L: -theanine significantly reduced immobility time in the FST and improved baseline PPI. Western blotting analysis showed increased expression of BDNF protein in the hippocampus after subchronic administration of L: -theanine. In cultured cortical neurons, L: -theanine significantly increased the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, and this increase was suppressed by competitive and non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonists (AP-5 and MK-801, respectively). Our results suggest that L: -theanine has antipsychotic-like and possibly antidepressant-like effects. It exerts these effects, at least in part, through induction of BDNF in the hippocampus and the agonistic action of L: -theanine on the NMDA receptor.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Psychopharmacology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Neuroscience Research

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Neuroscience Research

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Neuroscience Research
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    ABSTRACT: Dopamine agonists have been implicated in the treatment of depression. Cabergoline is an ergot derivative with a high affinity to dopamine D(2)-like receptors; however, there have been few preclinical studies on its antidepressant-like effects. Behavioral effects of cabergoline were examined in rats using forced swimming (FST), novelty-suppressed feeding (NST), open field (OFT), and elevated-plus maze (EPT) tests. In a single treatment paradigm, behaviors of rats were analyzed 4 h after single injection of cabergoline (s.c., 0-4 micromol/kg). In a repeated-treatment paradigm, OFT, EPT, and FST were conducted on days 11, 12, and 13-14, respectively, during daily cabergoline injections (s.c., 0.5 micromol/kg), and then hippocampus was removed 24 h after the last injection. NST was conducted in a separate experiment at day 14. Western blotting was used for the analysis of the protein levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the activation of intracellular signaling molecules. Single injection of cabergoline demonstrated decreased immobility in FST and distance traveled during 0-10 min in OFT, while time spent and entry into open arms were increased at 4 micromol/kg. When cabergoline was repeatedly administered, immobility in FST and the latency of feeding in NSF were significantly reduced, while vertical movement was increased in OFT. The time in closed arms was tended to be decreased in EPT. Expression of BDNF and activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 were up-regulated after the chronic administration of cabergoline. Cabergoline exerts antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like effects, which may be mediated by potentiation of intracellular signaling of BDNF.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2010 · Psychopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is putatively involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The animal model of IUGR induced by synthetic thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is useful to clarify the effect of IUGR on pups' brains, however, analysis at the cellular level is still needed. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which plays a role in neuronal survival and synaptic plasticity in the central nervous system (CNS), may also be associated with schizophrenia. However, the possible relationship between IUGR and BDNF function remains unclear. Here, we examined how IUGR by TXA2 impacts BDNF function by using dissociated cortical neurons. We found that, although BDNF levels in cultured neurons from the cerebral cortex of low birth weight pups with IUGR were unchanged, TrkB (BDNF receptor) was decreased compared with control-rats. BDNF-stimulated MAPK/ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt pathways, which are downstream intracellular signaling pathways of TrkB, were repressed in IUGR-rat cultures. Expression of glutamate receptors such as GluA1 and GluN2A was also suppressed in IUGR-rat cultures. Furthermore, in IUGR-rat cultures, anti-apoptotic protein Bcl2 was decreased and BDNF failed to prevent neurons from cell death caused by serum-deprivation. Taken together, IUGR resulted in reductions in cell viability and in synaptic function following TrkB down-regulation, which may play a role in schizophrenia-like behaviors.
    No preview · Article · May 2010 · Neuroscience Letters

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Neuroscience Research
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    ABSTRACT: Brain-specific microRNAs (miRs) may be involved in synaptic plasticity through the control of target mRNA translation. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) also contributes to the regulation of synaptic function. However, the possible involvement of miRs in BDNF-regulated synaptic function is poorly understood. Importantly, an increase in glucocorticoid levels and the downregulation of BDNF are supposed to be involved in the pathophysiology of depressive disorders. Previously, we reported that glucocorticoid exposure inhibited BDNF-regulated synaptic function via weakening mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (MAPK/ERK) and/or phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) intracellular signaling in cultured neurons [Kumamaru et al (2008) Mol Endocrinol 22:546-558; Numakawa et al (2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:647-652]. Therefore, in this study, we investigate the possible influence of glucocorticoid on BDNF/miRs-stimulated biological responses in cultured cortical neurons. Significant upregulation of miR-132 was caused by BDNF, although miR-9, -124, -128a, -128b, -134, -138, and -16 were intact. Transfection of exogenous ds-miR-132 induced marked upregulation of glutamate receptors (NR2A, NR2B, and GluR1), suggesting that miR-132 has a positive effect on the increase in postsynaptic proteins levels. Consistently, transfection of antisense RNA to inhibit miR-132 function decreased the BDNF-dependent increase in the expression of postsynaptic proteins. U0126, an inhibitor of the MAPK/ERK pathway, suppressed the BDNF-increased miR-132, suggesting that BDNF upregulates miR-132 via the MAPK/ERK1/2 pathway. Interestingly, pretreatment with glucocorticoid (dexamethasone, DEX) reduced BDNF-increased ERK1/2 activation, miR-132 expression, and postsynaptic proteins. We demonstrate that the exposure of neurons to an excess glucocorticoid results in a decrease in the BDNF-dependent neuronal function via suppressing miR-132 expression.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2009 · Neuroscience
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    ABSTRACT: Glucocorticoids are known to cause psychiatric disorders including depression. Prednisolone (PSL) is one of the most widely used synthetic glucocorticoids to treat various medical diseases; however, little is known about PSL-induced behavioral changes and its molecular basis in the brain. Growing evidence has implicated that hippocampal remodeling or damage play a role in the pathogenic effect of glucocorticoids. In this study, mice were administered PSL (50 or 100mg/kg) or vehicle for 6 or 7 days and subjected to a series of behavioral tests, i.e., open field, elevated plus maze, prepulse inhibition, forced swim, and tail suspension tests. Hippocampal tissues were subject to microarray analysis using the GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array (Affymetrix) containing 45,101 probes of transcripts. Increased anxiety- and depression-like behaviors assessed with open field, elevated plus maze, and tail suspension tests were observed. Microarray analysis detected 108 transcripts with a fold change of >2.0 or <0.5 in which many cell-death-related genes were found. The microarray data was validated by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis. Our results demonstrated that PSL causes anxiety- and depression-like behaviors, and suggest that altered gene expressions related to hippocampal remodeling or damage are involved in the effect of PSL on such behaviors.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
  • Miyako Furuta · Midori Ninomiya · Hiroshi Kunugi

    No preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Neuroscience Research

Publication Stats

238 Citations
38.49 Total Impact Points


  • 2011-2013
    • National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry
      • Department of Mental Disorder Research
      Кодаиры, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2007-2012
    • Waseda University
      • • Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering
      • • Department of Computer Science and Engineering
      • • School of Advanced Science and Engineering
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan