Domenica Pellegrini

Istituto Regina Elena - Istituti Fisioterapici Ospitalieri, Roma, Latium, Italy

Are you Domenica Pellegrini?

Claim your profile

Publications (3)6.42 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In order to evaluate the activity of gemcitabine as radiosensitizer for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a prospective single-center phase II study was conducted. Eligible patients were required to have histologically proven GBM with evaluable and/or measurable disease after surgery. They were treated by standard cranial irradiation plus concomitant fixed dose rate gemcitabine given intravenously at 175 mg/m(2) weekly for 6 weeks. After chemo-radiotherapy, irrespective of tumor response, patients went on to receive oral temozolomide at 150-200 mg/m(2) for 5 days every 28 days. Twenty-three patients were enrolled. Median age was 57 years (range 43-72) and median Karnofsky performance status was 90 (range 70-100). Seventeen patients had received subtotal resection of the tumor, while six patients had biopsied-only tumors. Four patients responded to treatment (17.5%) with additional 14 (61%) experiencing stable disease for an overall disease control rate of 78.5%. Median progression-free and overall survival were 6.8 and 10.1 months, respectively. The concomitant radiotherapy-gemcitabine combination was well tolerated and severe adverse events were rare, consisting of grade 3 neutropenia and hypertransaminasemia in two cases each. Twenty patients were assessable for methylguanine methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation, 11 of which were found methylated. In the methylated and unmethylated cohorts, disease control was obtained in 10/11 patients (91%) and 7/9 patients (77.5%), respectively. Concomitant radiotherapy-gemcitabine is active and well tolerated in newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme. Activity is observed both in tumors with methylated and unmethylated MGMT promoter.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The management of human epidermal receptor-2 (HER-2) negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is usually problematic, since no standard therapy exists in this setting. For some patients, combination chemotherapy represents a valuable approach, although its use is often limited by the risks of increased toxicity as well as impairments in quality of life (QoL) that often outweigh the marginal efficacy benefit. Against this background, the use of taxanes, either paclitaxel or docetaxel, in combination with gemcitabine as first-line treatment of HER-2 negative MBC is supported by the evidence of the single-agent activity of these drugs, beneficial pharmacological interactions, different mechanisms of action and largely non superimposable toxicity profiles. A number of phase II studies have explored the activity of a taxane plus gemcitabine in both chemonaïve and pretreated MBC patients, all showing remarkably high response rates and exceptional tolerability. In randomized phase III trials, the paclitaxel and gemcitabine combination showed significant improvements in objective responses, time to progression and overall survival, as compared to paclitaxel monotherapy, whereas the docetaxel and gemcitabine doublet demonstrated equal efficacy and better tolerability, as compared to docetaxel plus capecitabine. In addition to standard threeweekly dosing regimens, alternative schedules of administration of taxanes and gemcitabine doublets (weekly, twoweekly) might deserve further investigation due to their potential usefulness in reducing pharmacological toxicity while maintaining or increasing dose-intensity and clinical efficacy. Furthermore, uncertainty exists on which taxane should be preferred in combination with gemcitabine, since no head-to-head comparison between paclitaxel-gemcitabine and docetaxel-gemcitabine has been performed so far. Ongoing trials will address these issues and future investigations will also include the evaluation of bevacizumab, the monoclonal antibody targeted against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), in combination with taxanes and gemcitabine doublets.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2008 · Anticancer research
  • Source
    Giulio Metro · Simona Pino · Domenica Pellegrini · Giorgio Sacerdoti · Alessandra Fabi
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a severe mucocutaneous syndrome that can be occasionally caused by anticonvulsant drugs. In some cases, cranial irradiation may act as a precipitating factor. Thus, in cancer patients who suffer from brain metastases and are administered antiepileptic drugs for seizure prophylaxis, the risk of developing TEN after receiving palliative brain radiotherapy cannot be ignored. We is reported. The case of a young patient with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with prophylactic phenobarbital who developed TEN within a few days of completing cranial radiotherapy for brain metastases is reported. To minimize the risk of TEN in patients undergoing brain radiotherapy, prophylactic anticonvulsant therapy is recommended only after an accurate measurement of the true benefits. Alternatively, discontinuation of antiepileptic treatment before the initiation of brain radiotherapy, or the use of anticonvulsants associated with a lower risk of developing cutaneous reactions might be considered.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Anticancer research