Publications (2)4.91 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: This phase II study was designed in order to evaluate efficacy and safety of the combination of vinorelbine (VNB), fluorouracil (FU) and leucovorin (LV) in patients with metastatic breast carcinoma (MBC) previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes. From 12/2003 to 12/2007, 51 women (median age 59) were treated. Performance status (PS) (ECOG) was 0-2 (median 0). The chemotherapy consisted of VNB 25 mg/sqm on day 1 added to FU and LV (following De Gramont schedule) on day 1 and 2. Treatment was repeated every 14 days. 518 cycles of CT were administered (median 12). Most common sites of metastatic spread were: bone, liver, lymph nodes, lung. We recorded three cases of G4 neuthropenia and in one case it was febrile; no others G4 toxicities were seen. G3 toxicities were more common, especially neuthropenia (8 patients) asthenia (4) mucositis (2) and Hand-Foot Syndrome (2). Overall response rate was 27.5% (14 patients had a PR) and disease control rate was 76.5%; 12 patients experienced disease progression. Median time to progression (TTP) was 7.70 months and overall survival (OS) was 18.70 months. Results demonstrate that the ViFL regimen has substantial activity in patients with MBC already treated with anthracyclines and taxanes. The combination may be considered a valid choice for the treatment of MBC. Better survival results were seen in patients with visceral metastases than bone involvement. The low response rate shows that the ViFL regimen is not suitable for the neoadjuvant setting.
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ABSTRACT: Irinotecan (IRI) is a topoisomerase I inhibitor active as first- or second-line chemotherapy in advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC). Its combination with fluorouracil (FU) increases the response rate and prolongs survival. In order to identify a new effective and less toxic schedule of administration, we planned this phase II study with weekly IRI and protracted venous infusion of FU (WI-FI regimen). The primary endpoint was the objective response rate. Secondary aims were to detect toxicity, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients (pts). On May 2000, a monoinstitutional study commenced with the following schedule of administration: IRI 80 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29 plus a 28-day protracted venous infusion of FU 200 mg/m2/day. The treatment was repeated every 35 days. Cycles were administered until a maximum of 6 courses, disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. By March 2005, 52 patients (30 males and 22 females) had entered the study. Their median age was 61.5 years and the median ECOG PS was 1. In total, 223 courses were administered (median 5 cycles/patient). Toxicity was low: neutropenia G3 and asthenia G3 were the most observed toxicities (5 pts each). No other grade 3-4 toxic side-effects were seen. Weekly IRI was interrupted in 11 pts, mostly related to problems with the central venous catheter. Following RECIST criteria, we observed 5 complete responses, 15 partial responses, 17 pts had stable disease, while in 15 disease progressed. The overall response rate was 38.5% and the disease control rate was 71.2%. Thirteen pts underwent surgical resection of their relapsing disease. The median PFS was 8.2 months and the median OS was 16.3 months. The WI-FI regimen is an active treatment with a good safety profile in patients with CRC. The low incidence of grade 3-4 toxicities justifies further evaluation of this combination.