[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction. Cerebrovascular diseases are very important in full-term newborns, being rare compared to preterm and it is an important cause of neonatal morbidity, and it must be consider with the appearance before of neurological symptoms, mainly seizures. Objective. To review focal ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke in term newborn to a better understanding of these conditions in our country, trying to identify possible causal factors and prognosis. Patients and Methods. Term newborns with a diagnosis of focal ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke and early neurological symptoms admitted during the last two decades (January 1990 to July 2009) in the section of Neonatology of the University Hospital Miguel Servet in Zaragoza and controlled later in the follow-up clinic have been studied. In each case we collected personal and family history, pregnancy, childbirth, clinical examination, complementary studies and their neurological development. Results. Of the 21 cases reported, 12 were strokes of the middle cerebral artery (most left) and 9 bleeding. In 4 cases there was history of trauma hemorrhage intrapartum and in the remaining we did not find a cause. Most appeared as focal seizures associated with subtle movements. The neuroimaging was essential for diagnosis. The motor deficit is the main sequelae, two of them associated with cognitive impairment and epilepsy, with 8 cases having normal psychomotor development. Conclusions. These are rare entities of unknown etiology in most cases. The early focal seizure associated with subtle movements is the main manifestation and neuroimaging studies are essential for diagnosis. The neurological outcome is usually favourable in the majority and the most important sequelaes are motor deficit. There are usually no prognostic factors.
No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Revista española de pediatría