[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a strong genetic predisposition. Neurolign 3 (NLGN3) as a postsynaptic transmembrane protein, functions in both neuron synaptogenesis and glia-neuron communications. Previously, a gain of function mutation (R451C) in NLGN3 was identified in autistic patients, which illustrates the involvement of NLGN3 in autism pathogenesis. As proper synaptic targeting and functioning are controlled by intracellular protein interactions, in the current study, we tried to discover the intracellular regulation network in which NLGN3 might be involved by a yeast two-hybrid-based interactor identification. Fifty-one protein candidate partners were identified after screening a human fetal complementary DNA (cDNA) library with an intracellular fragment of NLGN3. The interactions of NLGN3 with a subset of candidates, including EEF1A1, FLNA, ITPRIP, CYP11A1, MT-CO2, GPR175, ACOT2, and QPRT, were further validated in human neuroblastoma cells or brain tissues. Furthermore, our study suggested that NLGN3 was functioning in cytosolic calcium balance and participating in calcium-regulated cellular processes. Our findings of novel NLGN3 binding partners provide evidences of involvement of NLGN3 in multiple biological pathways, especially calcium regulating and mitochondrial function, thus suggesting further significance. This new data not only leads to a better understanding of the physiological functions of NLGN3, but also provide new aspects for pathogenesis of autism.
No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are long single-stranded RNAs without translation potential. LncRNAs function in regulating epigenetic and cellular processes through various mechanisms. Nowadays, rapidly growing evidence has shown that abnormally expressed lncRNAs were involved in various inflammation-related states or diseases. Abnormal inflammation responses contribute to reproductive pathology and play vital roles in developing most disorders of the female reproductive system. In this review, we discussed the history of ncRNAs including lncRNAs, methodologies for lncRNA identification, mechanisms of lncRNA expression and regulation and mainly discussed the expression and function of lncRNAs in the female reproductive system with special focus on the inflammation and infection pathway. By analyzing the present available studies of lncRNA transcripts within the reproductive system and the current understanding of the biology of lncRNAs, we have suggested the important diagnostic and therapeutic roles of lncRNAs in the etiology of reproductive disorders.
No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · American Journal Of Reproductive Immunology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autism is a multi-factorial neurodevelopmental disorder. We have investigated the molecular mechanism involved in a Chinese family with autism by a proteomic approach. Antibody chips containing 500 spots of human protein antibodies were used to screen for differentially expressed proteins in the peripheral B lymphocytes between autistic and non-autistic siblings in this family. Four proteins relevant to immuno-pathway, including IKKα that was up-regulated and Tyk2, EIF4G1 and PRKCI that were down-regulated, were identified differentially expressed in autistic versus non-autistic siblings. Western blot analysis and reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction validated the differential expression of these four proteins. Based on the function of these differentially expressed proteins, relevant studies on immunoglobulin E (IgE) level, nuclear factor kappa B signaling activation and cell cycle were conducted in both autistic and non-autistic children of this family. Considering the fact that the family members were in close contact with natural rubber latex (NRL) and that IgE-mediated cross-reactions could be triggered by Hevea brasiliensis (Hev-b) proteins in NRL, we hypothesize that immune reactions triggered by close contact with NRL might influence the functions of B lymphocytes by altering expression of certain proteins identified in our experiments thus contributing to the occurrence of autism.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PCBP1 is a family member of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) that belong to RNA-binding proteins and bear three KH domains. The protein plays a pivotal role in post-transcriptional regulation for RNA metabolism and RNA function in gene expression. We hypothesized and were going to identify that the regulatory function of PCBP1 is performed through different complexes of proteins that include PCBP1.
To test our hypothesis, approaches of protein walking with a yeast two-hybrid system (Y2H), pulling down in yeasts, co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescent microscopy assay were employed in this study. The PCBP1 was used as the initial "walker" to search for its interaction partner(s).
Candidate proteins including MYL6, PECAM1, CSH1, RAB7, p57KIP2, ACTG1, RBMS1 and PSG4-like were identified with selection mediums and preceding methods.
With these candidate protein molecules, some protein complexes associating with PCBP1 are proposed, which may help in a better understanding of physiological functions of PCBP1 and proved evidence that PCBP1 is involved in variant biological pathways.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences