[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are implicated in pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, the pathway of angiogenic factor-mediated pathologic angiogenesis in PH remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated the temporal expression of angiopoietin (Ang) 1, Ang2, and their receptor (Tie2) as well as VEGF, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS), and heme oxygenase 1 (HO1) in the monocrotaline-induced PH model. Histologic evaluation showed pathologic vascular remodeling in the arteries of lung sections 1 wk after monocrotaline treatment. Protein levels of Ang1, Ang2, eNOS, iNOS, HO1, and VEGF were increased 1 wk after monocrotaline treatment but Tie2 protein levels were decreased 2 wk afterward. These results suggest that Ang2 mediates vascular remodeling in PH by decreasing Tie2 expression. Therefore, the Ang-Tie2 system may play a role in the pathophysiology of PH.
Preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Comparative medicine