[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tn order to set up a mouse model of myelofibrosis (MF) induced with high dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO). 60 mice were collected and divided into EPO and control groups, the former was injected with rhEPO and the latter with normal saline intraperitoneally. 5 mice from each group were executed on day 6, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 respectively. Their WBC count, Hb level, MCV, RDW and platelet amount were measured by automatic blood cell analyzer; CD34(+) cell ratio in bone marrow were analyzed by flow cytometry; liver and spleen coefficients were measured; pathological changes of liver, spleen, femur were observed by HE staining and reticular fibers staining; cortex thickness, femoral canal diameter and lumbar spine density were determined by computerized tomography (CT). The results indicated that as compared with normal control group in EPO induced group, WBC count was increased slightly in whole period, but without statistic significance (p > 0.05), Hb level and RDW increased at day 6 and 30 significantly (p < 0.05), MCV increased at day 6 significantly (p < 0.05), but platelet amount decreased significantly at all time points (p < 0.05). Most mice in EPO-induced group had hepatomegalia and their liver and spleen coefficient increased significantly at day 60 (p < 0.05), while most mice had splenomegaly and its coefficient was increased significantly at all time-points (p < 0.05). CD43(+) cell ratio of EPO group increased significantly in whole period (p < 0.05). CT scanning displayed femoral cortical thickening, medulla canal narrowing and lumbar spine density increasing at day 150, meanwhile, HE staining and reticular fiber staining showed the fatty degeneration or vacuolization in liver, splenegnly with megakaryocytic proliferation, femur bone marrow fibrosis and osteosclerosis. It is concluded that the mouse induced by high dose of rhEPO displays the myelofibrosis associated with splenic extramedullary hemopoiesis, and this study is useful to establish a practical MF model, and to explore its pathological mechanism.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of intra-bone marrow infusion (iBMI) of cord blood (CB)-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HS/PCs) on human hematopoietic reconstitution in xenotransplanted NOD-SCID mouse model. Aliquots containing 5 x 10(5) CB CD34(+) cells were transplanted into sublethally irradiated NOD-SCID mouse via intravenous infusion (iVI) or iBMI routes. 64 female NOD-SCID mice were divided randomly into 3 groups: iBMI group, iVI group and negative control group. The engraftment levels of human hematopoietic cells at 3, 5 and 8 weeks after xenotransplantation were detected by fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunohistochemistry and HPC colony formation assay, and long-term hematopoietic reconstitution capacity of HSC was tested by secondary transplantation. The results showed that the percentages of human CD45(+) cells in bone marrow, peripheral blood and spleen of recipient in iBMI group at 8 weeks after xenotransplantation were significantly higher than those in iVI group (p < 0.05). HS/PCs given through both iVI and iBMI methods had the ability of multilineage differentiation, the percentages of CD45(+)CD19(+) cells, CD45(+)CD33(+) cells, CD45(+)CD56(+) cells and CD45(+)CD34(+) cells of recipient bone marrow in iBMI group at 8 weeks after xenotransplantation were significantly higher than those in iVI group (p < 0.05), while other lineages in iBMI group were also higher than that in iVI group (p > 0.05). alpha-satellite-specific fragment of human chromosome 17 could be detected by PCR in liver, spleen, lung, peripheral blood and bone marrow cells of long-term survival recipients in both iVI and iBMI groups. Human CD45 antigen could be detected by immunohistochemical method in spleen, liver and lung of recipients in iBMI group at 8 weeks after xenotransplantation. Total colony count in iBMI group at 8 weeks after xenotransplantation was significantly higher than that in iVI group (p < 0.05). alpha-satellite-specific fragment of human chromosome 17 could be detected in all above organs of both group recipients at 6 weeks after secondary xenotransplantation. It is concluded that iBMI of CB CD34(+) cells improves hematopoietic reconstitution in xenotransplanted NOD-SCID mouse model.
No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology