[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate clinical and laboratory characteristics of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with t(7;11)(p15;p15).
Eleven patients with t(7;11)(p15;p15) were retrospectively reviewed involved in cell morphology, immunophenotype, cytogenetics as well as clinical features and prognosis.
Eight patients out of the eleven were female, six patients were AML-M2a, two M4, two M5, and one M6. All the 11 cases expressed CD33, 10 expressed CD117 and CD13, HLA-DR and CD34 was expressed in 7 and 6 patients, respectively. Karyotypes of all the patients were t(7;11) (p115;p15), additional trisomy 8 were found in only one patient. FLT3-ITD was positive in one of nine patients who were analysed for FLT3-ITD and FLT3-TKD. Two patients were alive, and one lost to followed up, while the rest of eight were dead.
The t(7;11) (p15;p15) abnormalities is one of rare chromosomal translocation in patients with AML. AML patients with t(7;11) (p15;p15) have clinical features of anemia, thrombocytopenia, higher white blood cell, and poor prognosis.
No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to comparatively analyze the cytogenetic characteristics between 566 cases of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (aALL) and 586 cases of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL). The cytogenetic analysis of all the patients was performed, and the FISH detection for partial patients was carried out. The result showed that the difference of chromosome abnormality between cALL and aALL was statistically significant. The percentage of abnormal karyotypes in aALL was 62.0%, including mainly t(9;22)(q34;q11), hypodiploidy, hyperdiploidy (47 - 50), abn(6q), abn(9p) and -7, most of which conferring an unfavorable prognosis. The percentage of abnormal karyotypes in cALL was 39.2%, composed mainly of high hyperdiploidy, hypodiploidy, TEL/AML1(+), +8, hyperdiploidy (47 - 50) and +21, etc, most of which conferring a favorable prognosis. The incidences of abnormal karyotypes, total hypodiploidy, total hyperdiploidy (47 - 50), t(9;22)(q34;q11), -7, abn(7q), abn(14q32) and +Ph in aALL were significantly higher than those of cALL (p < 0.05), whereas the incidences of normal karyotype (N), high hyperdiploidy, +8, +21*2 and TEL/AML1(+) in cALL were significantly higher than those of aALL (p < 0.05). 20.5% of aALL were Ph+ aALL, with 63.8% of which being with additional abnormalities, composed mainly of +Ph, -7, i (9q+), 9p-, +8, +21, +X, 6q-, abn(14q32) and +14. In contrast, only 4.4% of cALL were Ph+ aALL, with 42.3% of which being with additional abnormalities, including mainly abn(9p), abn(7p), -7, 17p- and +21. It is concluded that almost every chromosome is involved in the numerical and structural abnormalities and complex karyotypes are common. The significant difference of chromosome abnormality exists between aALL and cALL.
No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the sensitivity and clinical application of interphase-dual-color and dual-fusion fluorescence in situ hybridization (DC-DF-FISH). The bcr/abl fusion gene was detected by FISH with dual-color and dual-fusion bcr/abl DNA probe in interphase cells of bone marrow from 1295 specimens. Retrospective analysis for the cases was performed by the means of conventional cytogenetic analysis (CCA) and FISH. The results indicated that in 1295 specimens from 539 patients, 456 specimens were positive involved in 310 patients, the karyotypes of 18 patients were normal, 5 patients failed to karyotyping analysis. About 75.5% (234/310) of positive patients displayed the typical DC-DF-FISH signal pattern, 76 patients showed atypical DC-DF-FISH signal patterns, 66 cases out of which showed variant signal, 16 patients displayed typical variant signals (1Y2G2R), 50 patients displayed deletion ABL and/or BCR signal. In 213 patients, the negative rate was 60% (128/213) after the treatment, 12 patients were sometimes negative and sometimes positive during the process of the treatment. It is concluded that DC-DF-FISH can be used to detect karyotypes with masked or variant Ph, gene deletion and minor residual disease (MRD) in process of treatment. The dual-color FISH technique is a much more sensitive and accurate tool for monitoring MRD and monitoring relapse, which is a necessary supplement to CCA.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology