[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and characteristics of trigger digits in patients with diabetes. A questionnaire about trigger digit was completed by 544 patients with diabetes. Ten percent of the patients had a history of trigger digits and 4% had multiple digit involvement. The risk was significantly higher in insulin-dependent patients. The average duration of diabetes was significantly longer in the multiple digit group. Independently, the medical records of 132 trigger digit patients who underwent surgery were reviewed. Twenty-seven patients had diabetes, and 62 patients had multiple digit involvement. Involvement of more than three digits was significantly related to co-existing diabetes. In patients with diabetes, the incidence of trigger digits was about four times higher than in the general population. Screening for diabetes may be warranted in patients with involvement of more than three digits.