[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate optical coherence tomography/scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (OCT/SLO) imaging for optic nerve head drusen (ONHD).
Nine consecutive eyes with ONHD were imaged. Each underwent visual field testing, 20-MHz B-scan ultrasonography, photography, and OCT/SLO imaging of the nerve head. Similar evaluation was performed on 12 matched, disease-free control eyes for comparison.
OCT/SLO imaging of ONHD demonstrated lucencies (100%), variable amounts of displacement, and thickening of the overlying nerve fiber layer, as well as disorganization of the adjacent retinal pigment epithelium (44%). Optic nerve head topography was measured (using horizontal and vertical electronic calipers). Mean disc diameter was 1.81 mm (range: 1.49 to 2.12 mm). All ONHD demonstrated anterior displacement of the base of the optic nerve cup (shallowing) compared to controls. The cup base was a mean +0.32 mm anterior to the retinal pigment epithelium for ONHD versus -0.23 mm for normal controls.
OCT/SLO revealed unique and clinically helpful views of ONHD.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · Ophthalmic Surgery Lasers and Imaging
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) is an inflammatory syndrome in the context of immune restoration directed at a specific infectious antigen despite resolution of infection, often associated with opportunistic infections. IRIS has been reported in 30% to 35% of HIV patients who have cryptococcosis in whom antiretroviral therapy was initiated. We would like to report a case of IRIS localized to the eye secondary to cryptococcal infection.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Ocular immunology and inflammation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe the clinicopathologic findings in failed Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) grafts.
Retrospective, interventional case series.
New York Eye and Ear Infirmary.
Twenty-one patients with 22 failed DSAEK grafts treated between March 1, 2006 and February 1, 2008.
Repeat DSAEK or penetrating keratoplasty were performed in the eyes with failed grafts. All failed grafts were examined histopathologically.
Histopathologic parameters studied in failed DSAEK grafts included endothelial cell count, interface characteristics, retrocorneal membrane formation, inflammation, and immunoreactivity for herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) antigen.
DSAEK failure was strongly associated with postoperative lenticle dislocation. Graft failure was primary in 19 DSAEKs and secondary to rejection, eccentric trephination with epithelial ingrowth, or bacterial infection in the remaining 3. All failed grafts demonstrated endothelial hypocellularity and stromal edema. Additional findings included stromal inflammation (68%), interface fibrosis (50%), retrocorneal membrane (36%), unplanned retention of Descemet membrane (14%), immunoreactivity for HSV-1 (14%), paucicellular stroma (14%), and uneven trephination with epithelial ingrowth (5%).
Most DSAEK failures are secondary to endothelial cell loss. Other contributing factors include interface fibrosis, retrocorneal membrane formation, retained host Descemet membrane, uneven trephination, epithelial ingrowth, graft rejection, and infection.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · American Journal of Ophthalmology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe whole-body 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed radiographic tomography (PET-CT) imaging of ophthalmic patients with systemic sarcoidosis.
Four systemic sarcoidosis patients were evaluated with PET-CT for staging. Two had been treated for conjunctival melanoma and two had been referred for atypical choroidal tumors. PET-CT images were studied for presence of tumor or tissue with increased standardized uptake values, indicating increased metabolic activity.
In all cases, PET-CT revealed focal systemic lesions with increased uptake (SUV range 1.7-5.9 kg/mL). Cases 1 and 2 had a previous diagnosis of sarcoidosis (without ocular involvement), while cases 3 and 4 were diagnosed during their work-up. PET-CT revealed the presence and distribution of systemic sarcoid granulomas.
In this series, PET-CT staged patients with eye cancer and systemic sarcoidosis and aided in differentiating between a metastatic choroidal tumor and uveal sarcoid granuloma. PET-CT offers a method to assess the presence and distribution of systemic sarcoidosis.
No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Ocular immunology and inflammation