Hyun-Woong Park

Konyang University Hospital, Gaigeturi, Jeju-do, South Korea

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Publications (7)11.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives: Success rates of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have recently been reported to range from 80% to 90%. A better understanding of the pathologic characteristics of the CTO lesion may helpful to improving CTO PCI success rates. We evaluated the CTO lesion in patients with stable angina (SA) by virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS). Subjects and methods: The study population consisted of 149 consecutive patients with SA underwent VH-IVUS examination. We analyzed demographic and VH-IVUS findings in 22 CTO patients (17 males; mean, 62.3 years old) compared with 127 non-CTO patients (82 males; mean, 61.3 years old). Results: A significantly lower ejection fraction (57.6±13.0% vs. 65.4±8.8%, p=0.007) was detected in the CTO group compared with the non-CTO group. Reference vessel lumen area of the proximal and distal segment was significantly less in CTO group than in non-CTO group. The lesion length of the CTO group was significantly longer than those of the non-CTO group (24.4±9.6 mm vs. 17.2±7.4 mm, p<0.001). Total atheroma volume (224±159 mm(3) vs. 143±86 mm(3), p=0.006) and percent atheroma volume (63.2±9.6% vs. 55.8±8.5%, p=0.011) of the CTO group were also significantly greater than those of non-CTO group. However, the lesion length adjusted plaque composition of the CTO group was not significantly different compared with that of the non-CTO group. Conclusion: CTO lesions had a longer lesion length and greater plaque burden than the non-CTO lesion in patients with SA. However, lesion length adjusted plaque composition showed similar between the two groups. These results support that plaque characteristics of CTO lesions are similar to non-CTO lesions in patients with SA.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Korean Circulation Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The disparity between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) remains controversial. We compared clinical outcomes and prognostic factors between STEMI and NSTEMI using large-scale registry data. We recruited 28,421 patients with STEMI (n=16,607) and NSTEMI (n=11,814) between November 2005 and April 2010 from a nationwide registry in Korea. We performed landmark analysis of cardiac death, recurrent acute myocardial infarction (re-AMI), revascularization, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 30days (early term) and 1year (late term) after admission. Patients with NSTEMI had a greater number of co-morbidities than STEMI patients. Early term MACE (6.9% vs. 4.5%, p<0.001) and cardiac death (6.1% vs. 3.7%, p<0.001) were higher in STEMI patients. However, late-term MACE (8.0% vs. 9.1%, p=0.007), cardiac death (1.9% vs. 2.6%, p=0.001), and re-AMI (0.6% vs. 1.3%, p<0.001) were lower in the STEMI group. The independent predictors of cardiac death were old age, renal dysfunction, LV dysfunction, Killip class, post-thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow, and major bleeding in both groups. Female gender, previous ischemic heart disease, diabetes, current smoking, multivessel disease, and body mass index were MI type- or time-dependent predictors. The STEMI group displayed poor early term clinical outcome, whereas the NSTEMI group displayed poor late-term clinical outcome. The STEMI and NSTEMI groups had different predictor profiles for cardiac death, suggesting that different strategies are required for improving the late-term outcome of STEMI and NSTEMI patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · International journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We evaluated discrepancy of calcium detection between gray scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology (VH)-IVUS and the association between coronary calcium and plaque composition. Methods: Study population consisted of 162 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with VH-IVUS study. Subjects were divided into 3 groups based on gray scale IVUS findings; No calcification group (n=50), spotty group (n=56) who had a lesion containing only small calcium deposits within an arc <90° and diffuse group (n=56) who had a diffuse calcified lesion with an arc ≥ 90° in ≥ 1 cross-sectional image of the lesion. Results: No calcification group was younger than spotty and diffuse groups (54.4 ± 13.0 years vs. 61.1 ± 10.7 years and 64.2 ± 9.9 years, p=0.011 and p<0.001, respectively). No calcification group had some degree of dense calcium (5. 7 ± 6.9 mm(3)) by VH-IVUS analysis. Furthermore, calcified volume by VH-IVUS in no calcification group was similar to those in spotty group (5.7 ± 6.9 mm(3) vs. 5.4 ± 4.4mm(3)). Dense calcium volume was correlated directly with plaque volume (r=0.65, p<0.001), fibrous volume (r=0.54, p<0.001), fibro-fatty volume (r=0.29, p<0.001) and lipid core volume (r=0.77, p<0.001). In multiple regression analysis, lipid core volume (β=0.287, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.187-0.388, p<0.001) was an independent predictor of dense calcium volume. Conclusions: This study showed that coronary calcium can be present even if invisible in gray scale IVUS and associated with lipid core volume, which is a characteristic of plaque vulnerability.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · International journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the clinical and angiographic outcomes of silicon carbide-coated cobalt chromium PROKinetic bare-metal stent in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients with acute STEMI (2.75-5.00 mm vessels; lesion length ≤30 mm by visual estimation) were treated with PRO-Kinetic stents at 5 centers in Korea. The primary endpoint was the rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as all-cause death, new myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 6-month follow-up. Follow-up angiography was recommended after the completion of the 6-month clinical followup. A total of 64 patients (56.6 ± 12.9 years old, 56 male) were enrolled in the study. Procedural success was achieved in 100% of the lesions. The mean stent size was 3.51 ± 0.67 mm and the mean stent length was 20.3 ± 4.4 mm. There was 1 case of in-hospital death due to cardiac tamponade. During the 6-month clinical follow-up, 4 patients (6.3%) received TLR. Therefore, the total rate of MACE was 7.8%. Angiographic follow-up data were available for 42 patients (65.6%) and the in-stent late lumen loss was 1.02 ± 0.62 mm and in-segment late lumen loss was 0.99 ± 0.64 mm. Binary restenosis occurred in 53% of reference vessel diameters (RVDs) ≤3.0 mm, 25% of RVDs between 3.0 and 3.5 mm, and 0% of RVDs >3.5 mm (P=.006). The use of the PRO-Kinetic stent seems to be safe and feasible in primary PCI for acute STEMI, and shows favorable clinical and angiographic outcomes in large (>3.0 mm) coronary arteries, but not in small arteries.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · The Journal of invasive cardiology
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    Hyun-Woong Park · Taek Geun Kown · Ki-Young Kim · Jang-Ho Bae
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    ABSTRACT: Undiagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is not uncommon in patients with coronary atherosclerosis and is known to be associated with abnormal scores for atherosclerosis surrogates. We sought to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed DM or IGT, and the association between insulin resistance (IR) and atherosclerosis surrogates in patients with coronary atherosclerosis. The study population consisted of 187 consecutive patients with angiographically proven coronary atherosclerosis (mean: 61 years old, 94 males). We measured carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and flow mediated brachial artery dilatation (FMD). We also did oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT), quantitative insulin-sensitivity check indexes (QUICKI) and homeostasis model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR). Abnormal OGTT was found in 164 patients (87.7%), even though there were only 63 known cases of DM (33.7%). There were 58 patients (31%) with newly diagnosed IGT and 43 patients (23%) with newly diagnosed DM. There were 71 patients (38%) who had IR (defined as measured HOMA-R >/=3.0). HOMA-IR showed a positive correlation with body mass index (BMI) (r=0.275, p<0.001) and triglycerides (r=0.2, p=0.01), whereas QUICKI had a negative correlation with BMI (r=-0.26, p<0.001), total cholesterol (r=-0.15, p=0.04), triglycerides (r=-0.21, p=0.004) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) (r=-0.17, p=0.02). HOMA-IR and QUICKI were not significantly correlated with IMT or FMD. This study suggests that there is a high incidence of undiagnosed DM and IGT, but atherosclerosis surrogates are not associated with IR in patients with coronary atherosclerosis.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Korean Circulation Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) has recently been recommended as a non-invasive tool for primary prevention of cardiovascular events; the association between CIMT and adverse cardiovascular events is well-known. We sought to evaluate the prevalence and significance of carotid artery plaque, especially in patients with coronary atherosclerosis. The study population consisted of 1,705 consecutive patients {933 males (54.7%); mean age, 59.7+/-10.9 years} who underwent coronary angiography and carotid artery scanning using high-resolution ultrasonography. Carotid plaque was defined as a focal structure encroaching into the arterial lumen by at least 50% of the surrounding IMT value or a thickness >1.2 mm. Carotid plaque was identified in 30.3% (516/1,705) of the patients. Of patients in whom the plaque location could be evaluated (n=1,027), carotid plaque was located at the common carotid artery {n=64/267 (24.0%)}, carotid bulb {n=194/267 (72.7%)}, and at both sites {n=9/267 (3.4%)}. The prevalence of hypertension (58.5% vs. 45.2%, p<0.001) and diabetes mellitus (30.6% vs. 23.5%, p=0.007) was higher in patients with carotid plaques. The patients with carotid plaques were older (65.4+/-8.9 years vs. 57.2+/-10.7 years, p<0.0001), had a thicker CIMT (0.89+/-0.20 mm vs. 0.77+/-0.16 mm, p<0.001), and higher fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels (132.1+/-60.7 mg/dL vs. 121.6+/-47.1 mg/dL, p<0.001) than those without carotid plaque. Patients with carotid plaque more frequently presented with acute coronary syndrome (32.4% vs. 23.9%, p<0.001) than those without carotid plaque. Significant coronary artery stenosis by coronary angiography (75.4% vs. 58.3%, p<0.001), especially multi-vessel disease (46.3% vs. 27.2%, p<0.001), was more frequent in patients with carotid plaques. On multivariate analysis, old age (>/=65 years), hypertension, and increased CIMT (>/=1.0 mm) were independent predictors of carotid plaque. Carotid plaque (odds ratio, 1.85; 95% confidence interval, 1.39-2.45; p<0.001) was an independent predictor of multivessel disease based on multivariate regression analysis. Carotid plaque was common (30.3%) in Korean patients with coronary atherosclerosis, but it is still relatively uncommon compared to Western populations. Carotid plaque was associated with old age, hypertension, and increased IMT, and was an independent predictor of multi-vessel disease.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Korean Circulation Journal
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    ABSTRACT: We treated synchronous double primary lung cancers, where one site resulted from CIS disease, with lobectomy and argon plasma coagulation (APC) in a patient who couldn't tolerate pneumonectomy, which resulted in a reduction of the extent of surgery. APC could be a reasonable alternative for CIS disease of lung in inoperable patients.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases

Publication Stats

39 Citations
11.28 Total Impact Points


  • 2009-2013
    • Konyang University Hospital
      Gaigeturi, Jeju-do, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Konyang University
      • College of Medicine
      Ronsan, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea