[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) K is a part of the ribonucleoprotein complex which regulates diverse biological events. While overexpression of hnRNP K has been shown to be related to tumorigenesis in several cancers, both the expression patterns and biological mechanisms of hnRNP K in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cells remain unclear. In this study, we showed that hnRNP K protein was strongly expressed in selected RCC cell lines (ACHN, A498, Caki-1, 786-0), and knock-down of hnRNP K expression by siRNA induced cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. Based on immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of hnRNP K expression in human clear cell RCC specimens, we demonstrated that there was a significant positive correlation between hnRNP K staining score and tumor aggressiveness (e.g., Fuhrman grade, metastasis). Particularly, the rate of cytoplasmic localization of hnRNP K in primary RCC with distant metastasis was significantly higher than that in RCC without metastasis. Additionally, our results indicated that the cytoplasmic distribution of hnRNP K induced by TGF-β stimulus mainly contributed to TGF-β-triggered tumor cell invasion in RCC cells. Dominant cytoplasmic expression of ectopic hnRNP K markedly suppressed the inhibition of invasion by knock-down of endogenous hnRNP K. The expression level of matrix metalloproteinase protein-2 was decreased by endogenous hnRNP K knock-down, and restored by ectopic hnRNP K. Therefore, hnRNP K may be a key molecule involved in cell motility in RCC cells, and molecular mechanism associated with the subcellular localization of hnRNP K may be a novel target in the treatment of metastatic RCC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endocervicosis/ endosalpingiosis of the bladder is a very rare benign condition, with a total of 34 documented cases found in the literature. Herein, we report a 35-year-old woman with suspected bladder cancer following a cystoscopic examination, which revealed a mass on the right posterior bladder wall. Transurethral resection of the lesion was performed, and both pathological and immunohistochemical findings confirmed a diagnosis of endocervicosis/ endosalpingiosis. Recurrence was seen 6 months later in a follow-up cystoscopic examination and a partial cystectomy was performed. Since endocervicosis/ endosalpingiosis tends to recur, a partial cystectomy is the best therapeutic option for patients with persistent symptoms or recurrence.
No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 38-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a chief complaint of cyclic hematuria and amenorrhea after Caesarean section. Magnetic resonance imaging showed vesicouterine fistula. The patient was treated with luteinzing hormone-releasing hormone analog to stop menstruation for six months. We performed transperitoneal closure of the vesicouterine fistula. Normal menstruation resumed after 4 months, and the symptoms disappeared. This case was considered Youssef syndrome (cyclic hematuria without vasinal amenorrhea or urinary incontinence). We discuss the cause of this syndrome.
No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients aged 60 years and older represent the fastest-growing population with end-stage renal disease worldwide, and the need for a kidney transplant among this population is increasing. Due to the severe shortage of deceased donors in Japan, ABO-incompatible living donor kidney transplantation has been performed since the late 1980s. Excellent long-term outcomes have been achieved, and the rates of graft survival in these patients are currently similar to those in recipients of ABO-compatible grafts. However, the outcomes of ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation in elderly patients over 60 years of age have not been well studied yet.
We studied 4 elderly kidney transplant patients who received their grafts from ABO-incompatible living donors at our institution between December 2006 and December 2011, focusing on the immunosuppressive protocols, complications and graft survivals. The mean observation period was 21.5 months (range, 8 months to 62 months). Our immunosuppressive protocols were as follows: to remove the anti-A/B antibodies, the patients underwent 4-8 sessions of double-filtration plasmapheresis and/or plasma exchange prior to kidney transplantation until the anti-A/B titers were less than 1:16. For the patients with low anti-A/B titers (<1:512), the immunosuppressive protocol consisted of a single dose of rituximab (150 mg/m(2)). The patients with high anti-A/B antibody titers (≥1:512) underwent splenectomy and received 2 doses of rituximab. The pretransplant immunosuppressive protocol included B-lymphocyte suppression with 4 weeks of mycophenolate mofetil (0.5 g/day for low-titer protocol and 1 g/day for high-titer protocol).
All 4 patients underwent successful transplantation. At the end of follow-up, their mean serum creatinine was 1.18 mg/dl. No patient experienced antibody-mediated rejection or acute cellular rejection. Late-onset neutropenia occurred in two cases. Two cases experienced cytomegalovirus reactivation by cytomegalovirus antigenemia. In one patient, diffuse hemorrhage required surgical intervention. However, there were no severe complications.
Although a careful evaluation of patients is needed, ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation may become a viable treatment option for elderly patients with end-stage renal disease.
Preview · Article · Jul 2012 · International Urology and Nephrology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bilateral anorchia is defined as the complete absence of testicular tissue with a normal male karyotype and phenotype. Although the precise etiology is not well understood, mechanical causes during or after testicular descent have been suggested, while genetic factors have also been reported. We treated a patient with bilateral anorchia who obtained excellent growth bytestosterone replacement therapyas compared with his normal identical twin. The patient was diagnosed with negative elevation of testosterone after hCG administration and surgical exploration confirmed the absence of a testicular structure. We began testosterone replacement therapyfrom 13 years old with the goal of matching the development of his brother. Four months after initiating therapy, the patient showed voice breaking and pubic hair growth. Thereafter, there were scant differences in height and secondarysexual characteristics as compared with his brother.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 63-year-old woman with a right renal tumor diagnosed by ultrasound, consulted our hospital in October 2008. The findings of her physical examination were unremarkable. The results of urinalysis and other routine blood tests were normal. The urinary cytology was negative for malignant cells. Dynamic computed tomography showed a right renal mass (diameter, 7.5 cm), which was enhanced in the early phase and washed out in the late phase. We initially thought that the patient had renal cell carcinoma. Therefore, laparoscopic right nephrectomy was performed in October 2008. The tumor section was found to be encapsulated, and focal hemorrhage and necrosis were observed. Histological examination of the tumor by hematoxylin-eosin staining revealed that it contained polygonal cells, eosinophilic cytoplasm and large nuclei. Immunohistochemical staining of anticytokeratin antibodies AE1/AE3 and CAM5.2 (markers for renal cell carcinoma) was negative. However, immunohistochemical staining of HMB-45, a marker for melanoma, was positive. The patient was finally diagnosed with epithelioid angiomyolipoma. She did not show any evidence of tumor recurrence for 25 months after the surgery.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 25-year-old woman had a urethrovaginal fistula caused by a foreign body in her vagina. The patient had sought an appointment with a gynecologist for removal of the foreign body in her vagina. However, one day before the scheduled appointment, she developed acute urinary retention and visited the emergency room of our hospital. A urinary catheter inserted into the urethra was found to come out through the vagina. The foreign body, a bottle cap made of polypropylene and measuring 48 x 28 mm in size, was removed. A cystourethroscopic examination confirmed the presence of the urethrovaginal fistula. Repeat cystourethroscopy performed after one month of conservative management showed a persistent urethrovaginal fistula, which had, in fact, increased in size as compared with that at the initial examination. Surgery was undertaken for repair of the fistula ; fistula closure was successfully accomplished by suture in three layers : urethral wall, subcutaneous tissue, and the vaginal wall. This is the second report of a urethrovaginal fistula caused by a foreign body in the vagina.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In recent times, the number of patients receiving antiplatelet drugs for the prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases has been increasing. We examined the possibility of early initiation of antiplatelet therapy after urological operations. Between April 2008 and February 2009, 62 patients who received antiplatelet drugs and underwent urological surgeries (open surgery, transurethral surgery and laparoscopic surgery) and prostate biopsies were examined. Of the 62 patients, 59 were randomized into 2 groups ; 32 patients receiving antiplatelet treatment initiation within 24 hours (early group) and 29 patients receiving this treatment more than 24 hours (late group) after the urological operation. The end point of this study was the re-cessation of antiplatelet therapy because of the development of postoperative complications (hematuria, blood loss, etc.) and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events within 1 month. There was no significant difference in the urological events observed between these groups, including 2 of the 32 (6.3%) patients in the early group and 3 of the 27 (11.1%) in the late group. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases were not noted in any of the patients within 1 month. In conclusion, we think that it is possible to initiate antiplatelet therapy within 24 hours after urological operations and prostate biopsies in the absence of active blood loss. Early initiation may prevent the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease in the future.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of signet-ring cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. A 60-year-old man was hospitalized because of total macrohematuria. Cystoscopic examination revealed a non-papillary sessile tumor on the posterior wall of the urinary bladder. The pathological diagnosis was stage pT1 signet ring cell carcinoma. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and computed tomographic scanning revealed no involvement of other organs. Radical cystectomy and creation of an ileal neobladder were performed. The histopathological stage was pT3aN0M0. Adjuvant chemotherapy (TS-1) was performed and the patient is currently free from disease at eight months after the surgery. This disease is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage and has a poor prognosis. To our knowledge, this is the first case report on the creation of an ileal neobladder for the treatment of primary signet-ring cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of acute scrotal hematoma associated with idiopathic thrombocytosis. A 75-year-old man visited our hospital for the treatment of a left scrotal mass that had been increasing in size; the mass had developed after the puncture of left testicular hydrocele. The patient was diagnosed with acute scrotal hematoma on the basis of ultrasonography findings. The patient underwent an emergency operation for the removal of the hematoma. On 2 days after the surgery we noticed an increase in the size of the hematoma. The patient had a 4-year clinical history of idiopathic thrombocytosis for which he had not received any treatment. Although the platelet count was slightly high at the time of the operation, complete hemostasis did not occur because of the existence of platelet dysfunction. The second hematoma was treated conservatively. To our knowledge, this is the first case report on the acute scrotal hematoma associated with idiopathic thrombocytosis.
No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica