[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes is a polygenic disease which afflicts nearly 200 million people worldwide and is expected to increase to near epidemic levels over the next 10-15 years. Glucokinase (GK) activators are currently under investigation by a number of pharmaceutical companies with only a few reaching early clinical evaluation. A GK activator has the promise of potentially affecting both the beta-cells of the pancreas, by improving glucose sensitive insulin secretion, as well as the liver, by reducing uncontrolled glucose output and restoring post-prandial glucose uptake and storage as glycogen. Herein, we report our efforts on a sulfonamide chemotype with the aim to generate liver selective GK activators which culminated in the discovery of 3-cyclopentyl-N-(5-methoxy-thiazolo[5,4-b]pyridin-2-yl)-2-[4-(4-methyl-piperazine-1-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-propionamide (17c). This compound activated the GK enzyme (alphaK(a) = 39 nM) in vitro at low nanomolar concentrations and significantly reduced glucose levels during an oral glucose tolerance test in normal mice.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: A novel class of N-substituted 4-hydrazino piperidine derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for DPP IV inhibition. The SAR studies on the N-substituted piperidine led to the discovery of compound 22e as a potent DPP IV inhibitor (IC(50) 88nM), which is highly selective over other peptidases. In vivo efficacy indicates that compound 22e stimulates insulin release in response to glucose load and improves glucose tolerance in n5-STZ and Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats.
No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters