[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate completion rates and toxic effects of an i.p. chemotherapy regimen in a cross-section of nonselected patients with ovarian cancer (OC).
All patients with stage IIIC OC consecutively operated at our institution from January 2006 to December 2007 were prospectively collected and analyzed.
Eighty-nine patients with stage IIIC OC optimally debulked were evaluated for this study. An i.p. port was primarily placed in 53 of 89 (60%), and i.p. chemotherapy was recommended in 55 patients. Reasons for not recommending i.p. chemotherapy in patients optimally debulked included postoperative complications (n = 7: 8%), poor nutritional/functional status (n = 5: 6%), and extensive surgery including bowel resection (n = 9: 10%). Thirty-three patients (33/55: 60%) recommended to receive i.p. chemotherapy-initiated i.p. treatment. Fifty-two percent of those beginning i.p. therapy (17/33) received three or more cycles with 36% (12/33) successfully completing six cycles. Reasons for discontinuation included grade 3-4 nephrotoxicity in 3 of 21 (14%), febrile neutropenia/sepsis in 3 of 21 (14%), port infection or malfunction in 8 of 21 (38%).
The i.p. chemotherapy regimen used in a consecutive cohort of patients carries could be completed in only a small percentage of patients. Less toxic regimens with higher acceptability should be considered.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epithelial ovarian cancer originates in the layer of cells that covers the surface of the ovaries. The disease spreads readily throughout the peritoneal cavity and to the lymphatics, often before causing symptoms. Of the cancers unique to women, ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate. Most women are diagnosed as having advanced stage disease, and efforts to develop new screening approaches for ovarian cancer are a high priority. Optimal treatment of ovarian cancer begins with optimal cytoreductive surgery followed by combination chemotherapy. Ovarian cancer, even in advanced stages, is sensitive to a variety of chemotherapeutics. Although improved chemotherapy has increased 5-year survival rates, overall survival gains have been limited because of our inability to eradicate all disease. Technologic advances that allow us to examine the molecular machinery that drives ovarian cancer cells have helped to identify numerous therapeutic targets within these cells. In this review, we provide an overview of ovarian cancer with particular emphasis on recent advances in operative management and systemic therapies.
No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Mayo Clinic Proceedings