Nádia Maria Girão Saraiva de Almeida

Universidade Federal do Ceará, Ceará, Ceará, Brazil

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Publications (5)2.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to identify factors associated with in-hospital mortality in High-Risk Neonatal Units (NICU) belonging to the North-Northeast Perinatal Health Network in Northeast Brazil. The explanatory variables were individual maternal characteristics, prenatal care, childbirth and neonatal care, and infant characteristics. This was a longitudinal, multicenter hospital-based study. The study population consisted of 3,623 live born infants admitted to 34 NICUs. After adjusting for the three hierarchical levels in the model for determination of death in the NICU up to the 27 th day of life, the following showed statistically significant association: type of delivery - cesarean section (OR = 0.72; 95%CI: 0.56-0.95), non-use of prenatal steroids (OR =1.51; 95%CI: 1.01-2.25), preeclampsia (OR = 0.73; 95%CI: 0.56-0.95), oligohydramnios (OR = 1.57; 95%CI: 1, 17-2.10), birth weight < 2500g (OR = 1.40; 95%CI: 1.03-1.90), 5-minute Apgar score < 7 (OR = 2.63; 95%CI: 2.21-3.14), endotracheal intubation (OR = 1.95; 95%CI: 1.31-2.91), and non-use of surfactant (OR = 0.54; 95%CI: 0.43-0.69). Death during NICU care is determined by conditions of the pregnancy, childbirth, and the newborn.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
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    ABSTRACT: This case-control study with 132 cases and 264 controls aimed to determine predictors of neonatal mortality using hierarchical modeling. Cases were defined as newborns that died within 28 days of birth, and controls as the survivors, among infants of mothers living in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Hierarchical logistic regression identified factors associated with neonatal death: maternal race, with brown/black race showing a protective effect (OR = 0.23; IC95%: 0.09-0.56), time spent from home to the hospital > 30 minutes (OR = 3.12; 95%CI: 1.34-7.25), time < 1h or > 10 hours between hospital admission and delivery (OR = 2.43; 95%CI: 1.24-4.76), inadequate prenatal care (OR = 2.03; 95%CI: 1.03-3.99), low birth weight (OR = 14.75; 95%CI: 5.26-41.35), prematurity (OR = 3.41; 95%CI: 1.29-8.98), and male gender (OR = 2.09; 95%CI: 1.09-4.03). In this case series, neonatal deaths were associated with the quality of prenatal care and direct care during labor.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
  • Cristiana Ferreira da Silva · Alvaro Jorge Madeiro Leite · Nádia Maria Girão Saraiva de Almeida
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    ABSTRACT: The objective was to analyze the quality of the information systems for live births (SINASC) and mortality (SIM) based on database linkages. SINASC contained 11,182 certificates of live birth (CLB) from Jan. 1, 2000, to Dec. 31, 2002, and the SIM database recorded 233 death certificates (DC) for infants (< one year of age) from Jan. 1, 2000, to Dec. 31, 2003, 207 infant death investigations from Jan. 1, 2000, to Dec. 31, 2004, and 17 CLB attached to infant death investigations. Each DC was matched with a CLB through manual review. Of the 11,182 births in SINASC, 69 duplicate CLB and 3 CLB without the mother's name were eliminated. The 211 SIM/infant death investigations showed the following: 25 CLB (35.2% of deaths), 33 CLB (55.9% of deaths), 57 CLB (75% of deaths), and 4 CLB (80% of deaths). For 92 DC (43.6% of 211 deaths), matching was not possible, since there was no CLB. Infant death investigations were an important complementary source of 53 DC and 17 CLB. The study contributed to evaluation of the data quality and identification of flaws, favoring the reliability of birth and infant death records.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
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    Cristiana Ferreira da Silva · Álvaro Jorge Madeiro Leite · Nádia Maria Girão Saraiva de Almeida

    Preview · Article · Jan 2009
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    Cristiana Ferreira da Silva · Álvaro Jorge Madeiro Leite · Nádia Maria Girão Saraiva de Almeida · Rogério Costa Gondim
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    ABSTRACT: OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores de risco para a morte de crianças menores de um ano de idade, do município de Maracanaú, Estado do Ceará, entre os anos de 2000 e 2002, através de linkage das informações do Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos e Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade. MÉTODOS: Coorte retrospectiva de 11.127 nascimentos vivos com declaração de nascido vivo preenchida, ocorridos entre 01/01/2000 e 31/12/2002 e 119 óbitos infantis relacionados a essa coorte de nascidos vivos, com declaração de óbito ou instrumento de investigação de óbito infantil preenchidos, ocorridos entre 01/01/2000 e 31/12/2003. Os fatores de risco para a mortalidade infantil foram estimados utilizando-se as análises bivariada e multivariada através da regressão logística. RESULTADOS: Foram encontradas odds ratio (OR) estatisticamente significativas para nascidos vivos com baixo peso ao nascer (OR=3,16; IC95% 1,58-6,35), nascidos vivos prematuros (OR=2,70 ; IC95% 1,25-5,86), nascidos vivos de mães com consultas pré-natal igual ou menores a 6 (OR=2,05; IC95% 1,15-3,64) e nascidos vivos cujo escore de Apgar no primeiro (OR=4,40 IC95% 2,48-7,81) e quinto (OR=5,5; IC95% 2,75-11,20) minutos de vida foram inferiores a sete. CONCLUSÕES: Esse estudo possibilitou o uso das bases de dados de nascimentos e óbitos, sugerindo a vigilância contínua e oferta de assistência adequada ao subgrupo de recém-nascidos com maior risco de morte e a garantia de assistência pré-natal de qualidade.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2006 · Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia