Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: To explore the influences of guardians on emotion and behavior of rural left-behind children aged 3 to 7 years. A self-designed questionnaire of children's condition and Children Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (the edition for parents, SDQ) were used to investigate 805 left-behind children aged 3 to 7 years in countryside. The prevalence of difficulty among left-behind children was 3.5%, in male it was 4.1% and in female 2.7%, the difference was not significant (chi(2) = 1.154, P > 0.05) between male and female. The scores of peer communication problems among associate the left-behind children were (2.30 +/- 1.86), which was significantly higher than that (2.09 +/- 1.74) of not left-behind children (P < 0.05). The score of emotion symptom was (2.76 +/- 1.84) and the total score of difficulty was (11.41 +/- 4.77) among left-behind children was significantly higher than those of left-behind children with one parent stayed out (2.29 +/- 1.64) and (10.41 +/- 5.18), were significantly different (t = -2.489 - 2.006, P < 0.05), the score of social behavior (6.39 +/- 2.26) was significantly lower than that of left-behind children with father or mother stayed out (7.34 +/- 2.18, P < 0.001). The score of social behavior of children whose guardians had higher education level (7.02 +/- 2.21) was significantly higher than those with guardians who were illiterate or semiliterate (6.20 +/- 2.44, P < 0.01). There are evident problems in emotion and behavior among left-behind children with parents staying out. One of parents should stay home to care for children. To improve educational level of guardian will be beneficial to development of physical and mental health among left-behind children.
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ABSTRACT: To understand emotional, behavioral problems and related determinants among rural stranded children and to provide evidence for further psychological support. A total of 3944 caregivers of children in the rural areas and aged 4 to 7 years but without parents around, were randomly selected. Data were collected through Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires (the edition for parents, SDQ). The overall prevalence of children with behavioral/emotional problems was 43.6% among those stranded children including 8.3% having experienced emotional symptoms, 9.5% reported to be displaying 'conduct' problems, 8.7% exhibited significant hyperactivity/inattention, 18.9% experienced peer relationship problems and 16.8% having prosocial behaviors. The prevalence of behavioral/emotional problems was significantly higher in boys than those in girls and in lower age groups. Significant differences were also found in conduct problems, hyperactivity/inattention and prosocial behaviors (P<0.01). The result from logistic regression analysis showed that factors as education level and motivation of the caregivers as well as financial support from the parents were related to emotional/ behavioral problems among the stranded children. The prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems was high among children living the rural areas but without their parents around which should call for psychological intervention.
Xiangya Hospital of Central South UniversityCh’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China