Toshihiko Yamada

Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Kumamoto, Japan

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Publications (4)10.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetaminophen have no proven efficacy against neuropathic pain, they are frequently prescribed for neuropathic pain patients. We examined whether the combination of opioids (tramadol and morphine) with indomethacin or acetaminophen produce favorable effects on neuropathic pain and compared the efficacy for neuropathic pain with that for inflammatory pain. The carrageenan model was used as the inflammatory pain model while the tibial neuroma transposition (TNT) model was used as the neuropathic pain model. The tibial nerve is transected in the TNT model, with the tibial nerve stump then transpositioned to the lateral aspect of the hindlimb. Neuropathic pain (mechanical allodynia and neuroma pain) is observed after TNT injury. Drugs were administered orally. In the carrageenan model, all drugs produced anti-allodynic effects and all drug combinations, but not tramadol + indomethacin combination, produced synergistic anti-allodynic effects. In the TNT model, tramadol and morphine, but not acetaminophen and indomethacin, produced anti-neuropathic pain effects. In the combination, with the exception of morphine + acetaminophen combination, both acetaminophen and indomethacin reduced the 50 % effective dose (ED50) of tramadol and morphine as compared with the ED50s for the single drug study in the TNT model. The ED50s of tramadol and morphine in the carrageenan combination test were not statistically significantly different from the ED50s in the TNT model combination study. The combination of opioids with indomethacin or acetaminophen produced a synergistic analgesic effect both in inflammatory and neuropathic pain with some exceptions. The efficacy of these combinations for neuropathic pain was not different from that for inflammatory pain.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Journal of Anesthesia
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    ABSTRACT: Background Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been identified as significant analgesic targets. Systemic treatments with inhibitors of the enzymes that inactivate the peptide transmitter N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG), an mGluR3 agonist, have an analgesia-like effect in rat models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. The goal of this study was to begin defining locations within the central pain pathway at which NAAG activation of its receptor mediates this effect. Results NAAG immunoreactivity was found in neurons in two brain regions that mediate nociceptive processing, the periaqueductal gray (PAG) and the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM). Microinjection of the NAAG peptidase inhibitor ZJ43 into the PAG contralateral, but not ipsilateral, to the formalin injected footpad reduced the rapid and slow phases of the nociceptive response in a dose-dependent manner. ZJ43 injected into the RVM also reduced the rapid and slow phase of the response. The group II mGluR antagonist LY341495 blocked these effects of ZJ43 on the PAG and RVM. NAAG peptidase inhibition in the PAG and RVM did not affect the thermal withdrawal response in the hot plate test. Footpad inflammation also induced a significant increase in glutamate release in the PAG. Systemic injection of ZJ43 increased NAAG levels in the PAG and RVM and blocked the inflammation-induced increase in glutamate release in the PAG. Conclusion These data demonstrate a behavioral and neurochemical role for NAAG in the PAG and RVM in regulating the spinal motor response to inflammation and that NAAG peptidase inhibition has potential as an approach to treating inflammatory pain via either the ascending (PAG) and/or the descending pain pathways (PAG and RVM) that warrants further study.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Molecular Pain
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    ABSTRACT: 26RFa and QRFP are endogenous ligands of GPR103. 26RFa binding sites are widely distributed in the brain and the spinal cord where they are involved in processing pain. In the present study, the effects of intrathecal and intracerebroventricular applications of 26RFa on the level of mechanical allodynia induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation were examined in rats. The level of mechanical allodynia was measured using von Frey filaments. Intrathecal and intracerebroventricular injection of 26RFa attenuated the level of mechanical allodynia. 26RFa has been reported to activate not only GPR103 but also neuropeptide FF2 receptor and the effect of intrathecally and intracerebroventricularly administered 26RFa was not antagonized by BIBP3226, an antagonist of neuropeptide FF receptor. Immunohistochemical examination revealed that QRFP-like immunoreactivity (QRFP-LI) was expressed mainly in the small to medium sized neurons in the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and that partial sciatic nerve injury increased the percentage of QRFP-LI positive neurons. 7 days after the nerve injury, QRFP-LI positive neurons in the L5 DRG ipsilateral to the partial sciatic nerve injury were larger than those in the L5 DRG ipsilateral to the sham operation. These data suggest that (1) exogenously applied 26RFa modulates nociceptive transmission at the spinal and the supraspinal brain in the neuropathic pain model, (2) the mechanism 26RFa uses to produce an anti-allodynic effect may be mediated by the activation of GPR103, and (3) partial sciatic nerve ligation affects the expression of QRFP-LI in the dorsal root ganglion.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Peptides
  • Tatsuo Yamamoto · Rika Miyazaki · Toshihiko Yamada
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    ABSTRACT: GPR103 is one of the orphan G protein-coupled receptors. Recently, an endogenous ligand for GPR103, 26RFa, was identified. Many 26RFa binding sites have been observed in various nuclei of the brain involved in the processing of pain such as the parafascicular thalamic nucleus, the locus coeruleus, the dorsal raphe nucleus, and the parabrachial nucleus. In the present study, the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of 26RFa were tested in the rat. Intracerebroventricular injection of 26RFa significantly decreased the number of both phase 1 and phase 2 agitation behaviors induced by paw formalin injection. This analgesic effect of 26RFa on the phase 1 response, but not phase 2 response, was antagonized by BIBP3226, a mixed antagonist of neuropeptide Y Y1 and neuropeptide FF receptors. Intracerebroventricular injection of 26RFa has no effect in the 52.5 degrees C hot plate test. Intracerebroventricular injection of 26RFa had no effect on the expression of Fos-like immunoreactivity induced by paw formalin injection in the superficial layers of the spinal dorsal horn. These data suggest that (1) 26RFa modulates nociceptive transmission at the supraspinal site during a formalin test, (2) the mechanism 26RFa uses to produce an analgesic effect on the phase 1 response is different from that on the phase 2 response, and (3) intracerebroventricularly injected 26RFa dose not directly inhibit the nociceptive input to the spinal cord.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Peptides