[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Enhanced reduction of multinodular goiter (MNG) can be achieved by stimulation with recombinant human thyrotropin (rhTSH) before radioiodine ((131)I) therapy. The objective was to compare the long-term efficacy and safety of two low doses of modified release rhTSH (MRrhTSH) in combination with (131)I therapy.
In this phase II, single-blinded, placebo-controlled study, 95 patients (57.2 ± 9.6 years old, 85% women, 83% Caucasians) with MNG (median size 96.0 mL; range 31.9-242.2 mL) were randomized to receive placebo (n=32), 0.01 mg MRrhTSH (n=30), or 0.03 mg MRrhTSH (n=33) 24 hours before a calculated (131)I activity. Thyroid volume (TV) and smallest cross-sectional area of trachea (SCAT) were measured (by computed tomography scan) at baseline, six months, and 36 months. Thyroid function and quality of life (QoL) was evaluated at three-month and yearly intervals respectively.
At six months, TV reduction was enhanced in the 0.03 mg MRrhTSH group (32.9% vs. 23.1% in the placebo group; p=0.03) but not in the 0.01 mg MRrhTSH group. At 36 months, the mean percent TV reduction from baseline was 44 ± 12.7% (SD) in the placebo group, 41 ± 21.0% in the 0.01 mg MRrhTSH group, and 53 ± 18.6% in the 0.03 mg MRrhTSH group, with no statistically significant differences among the groups, p=0.105. In the 0.03 mg MRrhTSH group, the subset of patients with basal (131)I uptake <20% had a 24% greater TV reduction at 36 months than the corresponding subset of patients in the placebo group (p=0.01). At 36 months, the largest relative increase in SCAT was observed in the 0.03 mg MRrhTSH group (13.4 ± 23.2%), but this was not statistically different from the increases observed in the placebo or the 0.01 mg MRrhTSH group (p=0.15). Goiter-related symptoms were reduced and QoL improved, without any enhanced benefit from using MRrhTSH. At three years, the prevalence of permanent hypothyroidism was 13%, 33%, and 45% in the placebo, 0.01 mg, and 0.03 mg MRrhTSH groups respectively. The overall safety profile of the study was favorable.
When used as adjuvant to (131)I, enhanced MNG reduction could not be demonstrated with MRrhTSH doses ≤ 0.03 mg, indicating that the lower threshold for efficacy is around this level.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Thyroid: official journal of the American Thyroid Association
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare sensitivity of bone scintigraphy using 99mTechnetium-labelled methylene diphosphonate (Tc-99m MDP) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the detection of inflammatory bone lesions in patients with chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO).
Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy and MRI were performed in 32 CNO patients at the time of diagnosis and compared regarding their sensitivity in detecting inflammatory lesions in symptomatic regions of the body.
Inflammatory lesions could be detected in 40 out of the 54 (74.1%) symptomatic regions by bone scintigraphy and in 53 (98.1%) of these regions by MRI (p<0.001). Sensitivity of MRI compared to bone scintigraphy was superior in detecting lesions in the long bones of the thigh and the lower legs (100% vs. 78.4%, respectively, p<0.05).
Bone scintigraphy does not seem to display the whole extent of the inflammatory process in CNO. Therefore, depending on clinical relevance, MRI rather than planar bone scintigraphy should be considered for the detection of CNO lesions at diagnosis.
No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Clinical and experimental rheumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare disease-specific survival and recurrence-free survival (RFS) after successful (131)I ablation in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) between those defined before ablation as low-risk and those defined as high-risk according to the European Thyroid Association 2006 consensus statement.
Retrospective data from three university hospitals were pooled. Of 2009 consecutive patients receiving ablation, 509 were identified as successfully ablated based on both undetectable stimulated serum thyroglobulin in the absence of antithyroglobulin antibodies and a negative diagnostic whole-body scan in a follow-up examination conducted 8.1+/-4.6 months after ablation. Of these 509 patients, 169 were defined as high-risk.
After a mean follow-up of 81+/-64 months (range 4-306 months), only three patients had died of DTC, rendering assessment of disease-specific survival differences impossible. Of the 509 patients, 12 (2.4%) developed a recurrence a mean 35 months (range 12-59 months) after ablation. RFS for the duration of follow-up was 96.6% according to the Kaplan-Meier method. RFS did not differ between high-risk and low-risk patients (p=0.68). RFS differed slightly but significantly between those with papillary and those with follicular thyroid carcinoma (p=0.03) and between those aged </=45 years those aged >45 years at diagnosis (p=0.018).
After (near) total thyroidectomy and successful (131)I ablation, RFS does not differ between patients classified as high-risk and those classified as low-risk based on TNM stage at diagnosis. Consequently, the follow-up protocol should be determined on the basis of the result of initial treatment rather than on the initial tumour classification.
No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · European Journal of Nuclear Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Withdrawal of levothyroxine with resultant hypothyroidism is still used in preparation for I-131 diagnostic whole-body scan (DWBS) and thyroglobulin (TG)-measurement in patients afflicted with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH) enhances TSH stimulation obviating the clinical and economical consequences of hypothyroidism. Primary aim of this study was an intraindividual comparison of diagnostic follow-up measurements under these two sets of conditions by taking clinical and socio-economic parameters into account. Second aim was to determine a clear patient preference for the one method or the other.
This non-interventional observational study included patients (n=192 signed informed consent, n=128 protocol compliant patients without need for therapeutic intervention) with DTC first treated by thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation. Control visits including I-131 DWBS were planned at 3-6 months post-thyroidectomy after a phase (KU 1) of thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW) and again after 6-12 months later in a euthyroid state under exogenous stimulation with rhTSH (KU 2). Study design was open, prospective and multicentric. Data collected consisted of patient information (SF-12 (®) Health Survey), thyroid-specific results of clinical examinations and several aspects of daily life, e. g., employment, days of absence from work and other economic aspects.
In contrast to KU 1, in KU 2 there is a highly significant improvement (p<0.0001) in all studied clinical symptoms and aspects of managing daily life. A significant increase of the SF-12 (®) health survey score could also be identified. Mental score showed a higher increase than physical score. Included patients were less absent from work before KU 2, (absent 4.5%, median 4 days in euthyroid state [range 2-5 d]), vs. before KU 1 (absent 47.8%, median 10 days in hypothyroid state [range 1-30 d]). After KU 2 7.7% of the euthyroid patients was absent from work (median 5 days) while 37.5% was after KU 1 (median 6 days).
Included patients benefited subjectively and objectively from the use of rhTSH for diagnostic procedures in the treatment of DTC. A clear preference (127 of 128) of analyzed patients could be identified for exogenous stimulation with rhTSH.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objectives of the study was to compare pentagastrin- and calcium-stimulated serum human calcitonin (hCT) levels for nonsmoking healthy adults without evidence of thyroid disorders and determine reference ranges of basal and pentagastrin- and calcium-stimulated serum hCT levels.
This was a healthy volunteer study including within-group and intergroup comparisons.
The study was conducted at a tertiary referral center.
Subjects included 50 healthy, nonsmoking volunteers (25 female; aged 22-57 yr) without evidence of thyroid abnormality. Interventions: hCT was measured using a calcitonin two-site automated chemiluminescent immunometric assay (the most common hCT assay in clinical practice) in serum samples obtained before and 2, 5, and 15 min after iv stimulation using pentagastrin, 0.5 microg/kg body weight, or calcium gluconate, 2.5 mg/kg.
Reference ranges for basal, unstimulated, and pentagastrin- or calcium-stimulated hCT and pentagastrin and calcium tolerability in healthy adults were measured.
The 95th percentile basal hCT values did not differ between males and females (5.0 vs. 5.7 pg/ml). The 95th percentile maximal stimulated hCT values rose distinctly after pentagastrin (peak men, 37.8 pg/ml; women, 26.2 pg/ml) and even more so after calcium (peak men, 131.1 pg/ml, women, 90.2 pg/ml). No hCT increase was detected in four of 25 men and 12 of 25 women after pentagastrin vs. none of 24 men and two of 18 women after calcium. Calcium was associated with fewer and less intense adverse effects than was pentagastrin.
High-dose calcium is a more potent and better-tolerated hCT stimulator than is pentagastrin. The reference ranges for basal and stimulated hCT established via automated chemiluminescent assay were lower than those reported for other assays.
No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism