[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
We aimed to study the association between cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and hypertension in Kazakh and Han populations from Xinjiang Province, China.
We analyzed data on 800 Kazakhs (467 hypertension patients and 333 healthy control participants) and 800 Hans (482 hypertension patients and 318 healthy control participants) aged 18–84 years old. ELISA and real-time quantitative PCR coupled with restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis were applied for determining CMV infection and glycoprotein B (gB) genotypes, respectively.
Serologic evidence of CMV infection was obtained for 95.4% and 90.1% of the Kazakhs and Hans, respectively. The CMV seroprevalence rates among the Kazakh and Han participants with hypertension were 96.8% and 89.8%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed statistically significant independent associations between CMV seropositivity and hypertension in Kazakh males and between CMV antibody titers and hypertension in Hans; significant relationships also existed between CMV antibody titers and blood pressure in Hans. In Kazakhs, 3 CMV gB genotypes were identified: gB2 and genotype mixtures gB1+gB2 and gB2+gB3. In Hans, 4 CMV gB genotypes were identified: gB1, gB2, gB1+gB2, and gB2+gB3. Of the 4 studied genotypes, gB2+gB3 showed a significant independent association with hypertension in Kazakh females.
CMV infection is associated with essential hypertension in Kazakh males and Hans in Xinjiang. CMV seropositivity is associated with hypertension in Kazakh males, and CMV antibody titers are associated with blood pressure and hypertension in Han males and females. Moreover, the CMV gB2+gB3 genotype mixture is associated independently with essential hypertension in Kazakh females.
Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study compared Wistar rat with spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) on the electrophysiology and coupling force of the smooth muscle cells in the cerebral arteriolar segments and observe the influence of 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid(18beta-GA) on the gap junctions between the arterial smooth muscle cells.
The outer layer's connective tissue of the cerebral arteriolar segments was removed. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings were used to observe the 18beta-GA's impaction on the arteriolar segment membrane's input capacitance (C(input)), input conductance (G(input)) and input resistance (R(input)) of the smooth muscle cells.
(1) The C(input) and G(input) of the SHR arteriolar segment smooth muscle cells was much higher than the Wistar rats, there was significant difference (P < 0.05). (2) 18beta-GA concentration-dependently reduced C(input) and G(input) (or increase R(input)) on smooth muscle cells in arteriolar segment. IC50 of 18beta-GA suppression's G(input) of the Wistar rat and SHR were 1.7 and 2.0 micromol/L respectively, there was not significant difference (P > 0.05). After application of 18beta-GA concentration > or = 100 micrmol/L, the C(input), G(input) and R(input) of the single smooth muscle cells was very close.
Gap junctional coupling is enhanced in the SHR cerebral arterial smooth muscle cells. 18beta-GA concentration-dependent inhibits Wistar rat's and SHR cerebral arteriolar gap junctions between arterial smooth muscle cells. The inhibitory potency is similar between the two different rats. When 18beta-GA concentration is > or = 100 micromol/L, it can completely block gap junctions between arteriolar smooth muscle cells.
No preview · Article · May 2013 · Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gap junctions (GJs) facilitate communication and promote transfer of signaling molecules or current between adjacent cells in various organs to coordinate cellular activity. In arteries, homocellular GJs are present between adjacent smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and between adjacent endothelial cells (ECs), whilst many arteries also exhibit heterocellular GJs between SMCs and ECs. To test the hypothesis that there is differential cell coupling in guinea pig spiral modiolar arteries (SMA), we used intracellular recording technique to record cellular activities simultaneously in ECs or SMCs in acutely isolated guinea pig SMA preparations. Cell types were identified by injection of a fluorescent dye, propidium iodide (PI), through recording microelectrodes. Stable intracellular recordings were made in 120 cells among which 61 were identified as SMCs and 28 as ECs. Dual intracellular recordings were conducted to detect the coexistence of the two distinct levels of resting potential (RP) and to estimate the intensity of electrical coupling between two cells by a current pulse of up to 0.5-1.5 nA. The electrotonic potential was detected not only in the current-injected cell, but also in the majority of non-injected cells. The electrical coupling ratios (ECRs) of homocellular cells were not significant (P>0.05) (0.084±0.032 (n=6) and 0.069±0.031 (n=7) for EC-EC and SMC-SMC pairs, respectively). By contrast, the ECRs of heterocellular cells were significantly different when a current pulse (1.5 nA, 2s) was injected into EC and SMC respectively (0.072±0.025 for EC; 0.003±0.001 for SMC, n=5, P<0.01). The putative gap junction blocker 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid significantly attenuated electrical coupling in both homocellular and heterocellular forms. The results suggest that homocellular GJs within SMCs or ECs are well coordinated but myoendothelial couplings between ECs and SMCs are unidirectional.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · Microvascular Research