[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The repair of human brain after stroke appears unrealistic as there is loss of many different neurons and glial cells. The functional improvement after stroke or neurorestorative process includes neurogenesis, angiogenesis and synaptic plasticity. Stem cell therapy has the potential in inducing all of the above neurorestorative processes--thus facilitating functional recovery. The replacement therapy includes stem cells derived from various tissues which can generate functional neurons and glia. Stem cell research is an exciting new avenue in the field of stroke management.
No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Journal of the Indian Medical Association
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Undernutrition is the major threat to the health and well-being of preschool children in India. To assess the prevalence of undernutrition along with the risk factors among 1-3 years children, a community-based cross-sectional study was undertaken in villages served by Matigara sub-centre in Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India. Anthropometric measurement of 256 children was done as per WHO guidelines along with collection of sociocultural and healthcare related information. Z-score was calculated (NCHS reference) and the prevalence of stunting, underweight, and wasting was 46.9%, 52.3% and 15.2% respectively. Composite, index of anthropometric failure was 65.6%. Anthropometric failure was significantly associated with low income, more number of siblings, nuclear family, short duration of exclusive breastfeeding, later initiation of complementary feeding, immunisation status, mothers' BMI, episodes of diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection. Multipronged intervention is to be initiated to address this staggering problem of undernutrition.
No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Journal of the Indian Medical Association