Marie-Aude Lefrère-Belda

Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou (Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris-Ouest), Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (7)15.02 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of 3-D contrast-enhanced power Doppler ultrasonography (3-D CEPDUS) for differentiating benign and malignant adnexal masses. Consecutive patients with adnexal masses were included prospectively and underwent 2-D ultrasonography and 3-D CEPDUS in a tertiary centre in Paris, France. The main outcome measure was the diagnostic accuracy of 3-D CEPDUS to diagnose malignant and borderline adnexal masses. The reference standard was the final histological examination. Two-dimensional ultrasonography and 3-D CEPDUS were compared using semiquantitative scores. Three-dimensional CEPDUS assessed vessel density, vessel pattern, and three vascular indexes in a 5-mL region of interest (vascularization index [VI], flow index [FI], and vascularization flow index [VFI]). The 2-D and 3-D examinations were done by different sonographers who were blinded to the other test. The pathologist was blinded to ultrasonography findings. Of 99 patients, 88 had benign tumors and were compared to the 11 patients with borderline (n = 5) or malignant (n = 6) tumors. The sensitivity of the subjective 2-D score was 55% (95% confidence interval [CI], 25-84) and specificity 94% (95%CI, 89-99). The sensitivity of the subjective 3-D score was 82% (95%CI, 58-100) and specificity 90% (95%CI, 83-96). Improvement of detection of malignant or borderline tumors by subjective 3-D score was 150%. Vessel density and patterns were not more efficient than the subjective 3-D score. The mean vascular index values were significantly different between benign and borderline/malignant groups: VI, 7.2 versus 35.5 (P < 0.0001); FI, 37.0 versus 48.2 (P = 0.003); and VFI, 2.9 versus 17.6 (P < 0.0001), respectively. 3-D CEPDUS improves detection of malignant and borderline adnexal masses.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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    ABSTRACT: MUC1 over-expression in renal clear-cell carcinoma (RCC) is associated with poor prognosis. This phase II study determined the efficacy and tolerability of TG4010, a cancer vaccine based on a modified vaccinia virus expressing MUC1 and interleukin-2, in combination with cytokines, as first-line therapy in metastatic RCC. Thirty-seven patients with progressive, MUC1-positive RCC received TG4010 10(8) pfu/inj weekly for 6 weeks, then every 3 weeks until progression, when TG4010 was continued in combination with interferon-α2a and interleukin-2. Assessments included clinical response (primary endpoint), safety, time to treatment failure (TTF), overall survival (OS), and immune response. No objective clinical responses occurred. Five of the 27 evaluable patients (18%) had stable disease for >6 months with TG4010 alone and six of 20 patients (30%) had stable disease for >6 months with TG4010 plus cytokines. Median TTF was 4.1, 3.6, and 9.3 months for monotherapy, combination therapy, and overall, respectively. Median OS was 19.3 months for all patients and 22.4 months combination therapy recipients. The most frequent TG4010-related adverse events were minor-to-moderate injection-site reactions, fatigue, and flu-like symptoms. Six of 28 patients showed a MUC1 CD4+ T cell proliferative response during therapy. Anti-MUC1 CD8+ T cells were detected before and after therapy in 3 and 4 patients, respectively. MUC1-specific CD8+ T cell responses were associated with longer survival. Therapy with TG4010 plus cytokines appears to be feasible and well tolerated in patients with metastatic RCC. However, these data should be interpreted with caution, as additional prospective studies are necessary to clarify the clinical efficacy of this therapy.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Premature ovarian failure (POF) encompasses a heterogeneous spectrum of conditions, with phenotypic variability among patients. The etiology of POF remains unknown in most cases. We performed a global phenotyping of POF women with the aim of better orienting attempts at an etiological diagnosis. We performed a mixed retrospective and prospective study of clinical, biological, histological, morphological, and genetic data relating to 357 consecutive POF patients between 1997 and 2008. The study was conducted at a reproductive endocrinology referral center. Seventy-six percent of the patients presented with normal puberty and secondary amenorrhea. Family history was present in 14% of the patients, clinical and/or biological autoimmunity in 14.3%. Fifty-six women had a fluctuating form of POF. The presence of follicles was suggested at ultrasonography in 50% of the patients, and observed in 29% at histology; the negative predictive value of the presence of follicles at ultrasonography was 77%. Bone mineral density alterations were found in 58% of the women. Eight patients had X chromosomal abnormalities other than Turner's syndrome, eight other patients evidenced FMR1 pre-mutation. Two other patients had autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2 and 1. A genetic cause of POF was identified in 25 patients, i.e. 7% of the whole cohort. POF etiology remains most often undiscovered. Novel strategies of POF phenotyping are in such content mandatory to improve the rate of POF patients for whom etiology is identified.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · European Journal of Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: The objective is to assess the feasibility of laparoscopy in the treatment of endometrial carcinoma and to compare operating data and morbidity to laparotomy. Retrospective review of 70 consecutive patients with supposed early endometrial cancer managed between December 2000 and December 2005. Two groups were defined, whether they had been operated by laparoscopy (N = 44 ; LPS group) or by laparotomy (N = 21 ; LPM group). Both groups were comparable in mean age and body mass index. There was no significant difference in median operating time for LPS group (240 minutes [90-390]) and LPM group (195 minutes [120-600]), (p = 0.234). Intraoperative complications occurred in 2 LPS patients (4.7 %) and in 2 LPM cases (9.5 %). Women who underwent laparoscopy had more pelvic lymph nodes removed (11.5 [2-33] versus 7.5 [3-37], p < 0.05). There were comparable early and late postoperative complications in patients managed by laparoscopy (5 and 0 cases ; 27.8 and 0 %) and by laparotomy (5 and 2 cases ; 11.6 and 4.5 %), (p = 0.143 and p > 0.999). Hospital stay was longer in LPM group (9.5 days [6-39] versus 5.0 (4-27), p < 0.05). Patients who undergo laparoscopy have more pelvic lymph nodes removed, with comparable operating time, shorter hospital stay, and similar morbidity. Laparoscopic staging combined with vaginal hysterectomy appears to be a feasible alternative to conventional surgical approach in patients with endometrial carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Bulletin du cancer
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    ABSTRACT: The main study objective was to describe the distribution of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) and the prevalence of SLN micrometastases in patients with early cervical cancer. The secondary objective was to confirm the SLN detection rate and negative predictive value found in our preliminary study. We prospectively included 25 patients with early cervical cancer, each of whom received an injection of 120 MBq of technetium-99m for preoperative lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative node detection using an endoscopic gamma probe. Patent blue dye was injected intraoperatively. SLNs were sought in the pelvic and para-aortic drainage areas. Radical iliac dissection was performed routinely at the end of the procedure. SLNs were examined after hematoxylin-eosin-saffron staining; negative specimens were assessed using immunohistochemistry. Most (85%) of the SLNs were in the inter-iliac territory. Para-aortic or parametrial SLNs were found respectively in 2 patients and common iliac SLNs in 5 patients. Thus 9/25 patients had additional information due to SLN detection. One metastasis and one micrometastasis were detected in SLNs. No patients had positive non-sentinel nodes with negative SLNs. SLN detection ensures the identification of SLNs in unusual locations in 36% of patients. SLN disease was found in 8% of our patients. Thus, SLN biopsy improves staging in patients with early cervical cancer. Studies in larger patient populations are needed to evaluate the clinical impact of SLN biopsy.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Fabrice Lécuru · Ulrike Metzger · Eric Levy · Marie-Aude Lefrère-Belda · Chérazade Bensaid
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    ABSTRACT: Early ovarian cancers account for 25 to 30% of cases. They constitute the only curable cases. There is no specific clinical symptom of early ovarian cancer. Paraneoplasic syndroms, especially phlebitis, are of major importance when they occur in young women. In most of cases, the diagnosis is performed during the management of a complex ovarian cysts. Quality of the preoperative work-up, especially sonography, and management by a specialised team are the best factors to provide an early diagnosis and a comprehensive staging. These two factors are known as predictive of good prognosis. Chemotherapy is frequently indicated post-operatively. In young women, a conservative management can be proposed to preserve their fertility.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2004 · La Revue du praticien
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the feasibility, tolerance and diagnostic accuracy of endometrial biopsy (EB) during sonohysterography (SH) compared to EB after hysteroscopy (HSC) in endometrial disorders. 105 consecutive patients with irregular uterine bleeding were included prospectively in the calendar year 2001. SH and flexible HSC were performed in an office setting, subsequently and in a random order, by two different practitioners blind to the former experiment. SH-EB was performed using a 3.1-mm ultrasound-guided Bernard catheter in the uterine cavity still partly distended and with a gentle 20-ml syringe vacuum aspiration. The biopsy was directed on focal lesions or else randomly when no targets had previously been found. A Cornier Pipelle was used to perform EB after HSC. We investigated all patients by biopsy, independent of the endometrial thickness. HSC-EB was the gold standard. For both methods, cervical catheterism was impossible in 20 patients, 75 of them successfully underwent both exams. Duration and tolerance were similar. SH was effective in the distinction between normal and pathologic cavities, as well as in the diagnosis of polyps. Endometrium appeared significantly thinner with HSC (1.8 mm) when compared to SH (2.9 mm, p < 0.05). Histological endometrial assessment failed in 30 cases of SH-EB and in 22 cases in HSC-EB (NS). There was a poor correlation of the histological results of both techniques. Hyperplasia has never been diagnosed by SH-EB, whereas 3 EB issued from HSC-EB brought up this diagnosis. SH-EB with our technique did not improve the diagnostic potential of SH and severe diagnosis was missed. Histological assessment should fail less when we exclude endometrial atrophy. The diameter of the catheter and the aspiration technique must be revised and the learning curve must be considered. Our technique cannot replace EB by HSC.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2004 · Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation