Sung Hea Kim

Konkuk University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (29)41.39 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: The objective of this study was to establish the benefit of bisoprolol up-titration toward recommended dosage targets, versus lower-dose maintenance, in heart failure (HF) patients with systolic dysfunction. Methods: Korean HF patients received bisoprolol 1.25 mg/day, incrementally up-titrated toward 10 mg/day in the absence of contraindications. After 26 weeks' treatment, patients were grouped as low-dose (<3.75 mg/day) or high-dose (≥3.75 mg/day). Primary endpoint was change in serum N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Other markers of HF were also evaluated. Results: 159 of 180 enrolled patients were evaluable. After 16 weeks' follow-up, there were 52 and 107 patients in the low- and high-dose groups, respectively. Mean bisoprolol dosage was 5.4 mg/day; 24% of patients achieved target (10 mg/day). Mean logNT-proBNP significantly decreased in both groups, with no significant difference in the magnitude of change between groups. Mean heart rate (HR) and blood pressure decreased significantly in both groups, but only HR showed a significantly greater change in high-dose versus low-dose patients. In both groups, mean left ventricular (LV) end-systolic and end-diastolic dimensions were significantly decreased and mean LV ejection fraction was significantly improved. Mean six-minute walk test distances improved in both groups (significant in low-dose patients only). Functional class improvement was observed in both low- and high-dose patients. No patients were re-hospitalized due to aggravated HF. Conclusions: In HF patients with systolic dysfunction, any bisoprolol dose is beneficial, but an attempt to up-titrate toward guideline-recommended dosages offers additional benefit in terms of restoration of LV systolic function and remodeling. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Cardiovascular Therapeutics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are limited data about characteristics of hypertension subtypes in Asian hypertensive patients and their impacts on treatment of hypertension. This prospective, multi-center, observational study evaluated 2,439 hypertensive patients. (≥ 60 years) Inadequately controlled and drug-naïve patients were categorized into three hypertension subtypes (isolated systolic hypertension [ISH], combined systolic/diastolic hypertension [SDH], and isolated diastolic hypertension [IDH]) and proportions of each hypertension subtype were evaluated. After six-month strict treatments, we compared the characteristics of patients who did not achieve target BP with those who did. In overall population, ISH was the most common subtype (53.2%, 1297/2439). However, in drug-naïve patients, SDH was predominant hypertension subtype (59.6%, 260/436). Notably, the proportion of ISH was substantially lower than previously known data. Predictors associated with failure of reaching target BP were old age (>70 years), hypertension awareness, and baseline systolic BP (≥160 mm Hg) for total patients. In drug naïve patients, hypertension awareness, ISH, and microalbuminuria were associated with treatment failure. These findings might have an impact on the evaluations and antihypertensive treatments of elderly Korean patients.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of the American Society of Hypertension (JASH)
  • No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · International journal of cardiology
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are few data regarding clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings in takotsubo cardiomyopathy patients presenting with QT prolongation. Aim of this study was to investigate the differences in these parameters between takotsubo cardiomyopathy patients presenting with and those without QT prolongation. We performed an observational retrospective study. One hundred five patients were enrolled from the takotsubo cardiomyopathy registry database and divided according to the presence of QT prolongation. Fifty patients presented with QT prolongation (QT group) and 55 did not (NQT group). Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test. QT group had higher prevalence of dyspnea (66 versus 40%, p=0.008) and cardiogenic shock (46 versus 24%, p=0.016) than NQT group. QT group had higher prevalence of ST elevation (82 versus 64%, p=0.036), T wave inversion (96 versus 58%, p=0.001), ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (8 versus 0%, p=0.032) and classic ballooning pattern (92 versus 66%, p=0.003), but lower left ventricular ejection fraction (mean, 39.2 versus 43.5%, p=0.005). In addition, QT group had significant higher hs-C-reactive protein (median, 6.6 versus 1.7 mg/L, p=0.023), creatine kinase-MB (median, 18.6 versus 7.6 ng/mL, p=0.032) and NT-pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels (median, 3637 versus 2145 pg/mL, p=0.044). QT group required more frequent use of inotropics (46 versus 24%, p=0.016) and diuretics (58 versus 38%, p=0.042) than NQT group. The clinical features of takotsubo cardiomyopathy are different according to the presence of QT prolongation. The QT group was lesser likely to have preserved cardiovascular reserve and more likely to require hemodynamic support than the NQT group despite the entire prognosis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy is excellent regardless of QT prolongation.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protein S deficiency is one of the several risk factors for thrombophilia and can cause blood clotting disorders such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. A 54-year-old man was admitted with the complaint of dyspnea and was diagnosed with pulmonary embolism. The patient had very low level of free protein S, total protein S antigen, and protein S activity (type I protein S deficiency). In history taking, we found that his mother, 78 year old, had a history of same disease 10 years ago, and confirmed the pronounced low level of protein S. The patient's son also had very low level of protein S, however there had not been any history of pulmonary embolism yet. This case study suggests that asymptomatic persons with a family history of protein S deficiency and pulmonary embolism should be checked regularly for early detection of the disease, as protein S deficiency can be suspected.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction with or without mitral regurgitation is typically observed in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, but is also occasionally seen without left ventricular hypertrophy. In this report, we present a case of cardiogenic shock that mimics ST-elevation myocardial infarction, due to dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction with transient mitral regurgitation and myocardial bridging after transient complete atrioventricular block. A 65-year-old man with hypertension presented himself at the emergency department with syncope after chest pain. His initial electrocardiography showed inferior ST elevation with profound precordial ST depression and transient complete atrioventricular block. Due to sustained hypotension, an intra-aortic balloon pump was applied. His coronary angiography revealed almost normal right coronary artery and left circumflex artery and only a severe myocardial bridge in the mid-segment of his left anterior descending artery. Instead, severe mitral regurgitation was found without regional wall motion abnormality both in the left ventriculography and the portable echocardiography. However the severe mitral regurgitation completely disappeared in follow up echocardiography the day after. The pressure gradient across the left ventricular outflow tract was measured at 8.95 mmHg during the resting state, and was increased to 38.95 mmHg during the Valsalva state. The patient presented with a case of cardiogenic shock that mimicked ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction combined with myocardial bridging in the mid-left anterior descending artery.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · BMC Research Notes
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background With the increased use of cardiac computed tomography (CT), radiation dose remains a major issue, although physicians are trying to reduce the substantial risks associated with use of this diagnostic tool. This study was performed to investigate recognition of the level of radiation exposure from cardiac CT and the differences in the level of awareness of radiation before and after the Fukushima nuclear plant accident. Methods We asked 30 physicians who were undergoing training in internal medicine to determine the equivalent doses of radiation for common radiological examinations when a normal chest X-ray is accepted as one unit; questions about the absolute radiation dose of cardiac CT data were also asked. Results According to the results, 86.6% of respondents believed the exposure to be 1 mSv at most, and 93.3% thought that the exposure was less than that of 100 chest X-rays. This finding indicates that their perceptions were far lower than the actual amounts. Even after the occurrence of such a large nuclear disaster in Fukushima, there were no significant differences in the same subjects’ overall awareness of radiation amounts. Conclusions Even after such a major social issue as the Fukushima nuclear accident, the level of awareness of the accurate radiation amount used in 64-channel multidetector CT (MDCT) by clinical physicians who order this test was not satisfactory. Thus, there is a need for the development of effective continuing education programs to improve awareness of radiation from ionizing radiation devices, including cardiac CT, and emphasis on risk-benefit evaluation based on accurate knowledge during medical training.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · BMC Research Notes
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: TIMI frame count (TFC) provides a quantitative index of coronary microvascular dysfunction. Previous studies suggested the degree of frame count reserve (FCR) and slow coronary flow (SCF) correlated with microvascular dysfunction. We investigated the clinical implication of FCR and SCF for the evaluation of microvascular angina (MA). We included consecutive 77 patients with the complaint of chest pain, who subsequently had normal coronary angiography. TFC was obtained from left anterior descending artery. Intracoronary nitroprusside (15μg) was infused to induce hyperemia, and repeat angiogram was performed after 30seconds. FCR were calculated by dividing basal TFC by hyperemic TFC. SCF was defined as being present when TFC was more than 28. All patients underwent a treadmill test without medication after angiography. After the treadmill test, patients were divided into a MA group (40 patients) and a control group (37 patients). FCR were similar in both groups (2.0±1.0 and 2.1±0.9, MA and control group, respectively). However, hyperemic TFC induced by nitroprusside was significantly higher in the MA group (10.9±4.7) than in the control group (9.0±3.5, p<0.05). Patients who showed SCF had a significantly greater incidence of MA (78.5%; 11/14 patients) than that with normal coronary flow (46.0%; 29/63 patients, p<0.05). The higher hyperemic TFC and presence of SCF were found to have a diagnostic value for MA.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Microvascular Research
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Risk stratification of the early repolarization pattern (ERP) is needed to identify malignant early repolarization. J-point elevation with a horizontal ST segment was recently suggested as a malignant feature of the ERP. In this study, the prevalence of the ERP with a horizontal ST segment was examined among survivors of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) without structural heart disease to evaluate the value of ST-segment morphology in risk stratification of the ERP. Methods We reviewed the data of 83 survivors of SCA who were admitted from August 2005 to August 2010. Among them, 25 subjects without structural heart disease were included. The control group comprised 60 healthy subjects who visited our health promotion center; all control subjects were matched for age, sex, and underlying disease (diabetes mellitus, hypertension). Early repolarization was defined as an elevation of the J point of at least 0.1 mV above the baseline in at least two continuous inferior or lateral leads that manifested as QRS slurring or notching. An ST-segment pattern of <0.1 mV within 100 ms after the J point was defined as a horizontal ST segment. Results The SCA group included 17 men (64%) with a mean age of 49.7 ± 14.5 years. The corrected QTc was not significantly different between the SCA and control groups (432.7 ± 37.96 vs. 420.4 ± 26.3, respectively; p = 0.089). The prevalence of ERP was not statistically different between the SCA and control groups (5/25, 20% vs. 4/60, 6.7%, respectively; p = 0.116). The prevalence of early repolarization with a horizontal ST segment was more frequent in the SCA than in the control group (20% vs. 3.3%, respectively; p = 0.021). Four SCA subjects (16%) and one control subject (1.7%) had a J-point elevation of >2 mm (p = 0.025). Four SCA subjects (16%) and one (1.7%) control subject had an ERP in the inferior lead (p = 0.025). Conclusion The prevalence of ERP with a horizontal ST segment was higher in patients with aborted SCA than in matched controls. This result suggests that ST morphology has value in the recognition of malignant early repolarization.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: There have been few data to review and analyze the temporal preference of the onset of Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC). Aim of this study was to investigate chronobiological variations in the occurrence of TTC and changes of these variations according to age and gender. Methods: One hundred and thirty-seven patients were enrolled from our TTC registry database from January 2004 to December 2010 in Korea. Results: The median age of the entire study population was 59 years (inter-quartile range 53-72 years). The majority of patients were women (n = 101, 74%). The onset of TTC differed as a function of season (P = .001), with the peak in July and the nadir in March. Events were most frequent in summer (n = 53%, 38.7%) and least so in winter (n = 26, 19%, chi-square = 13.92, P = .003). TTC was most frequent in the morning (n = 56, 40.9%) and least so at night (n = 22, 16.1%, chi-square = 21.98, P = .001). Also, TTC was most frequent on Monday (n = 34, 24.8%) and least so on Saturday (n = 7, 5.1%, chi-square = 30.44, P = .001). Stressor pattern, age and gender do not influence these increases of occurrence in summer, on Monday, and in the morning of TTC. Conclusions: TTC seems to exhibit a temporal variation of occurrence with preferred peaks during morning, Monday, and summer. Stressor pattern, age and gender do not influence these temporal patterns of the occurrence of TTC. Further studies are needed to investigate the potential link between chronobiological variations of TTC onset and underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Heart & lung: the journal of critical care
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is important to understand physicians' awareness and knowledge on hypertension guideline to comprehend physician oriented barrier against proper hypertension management. Current guidelines emphasize on the role of home blood pressure monitoring. The aim of this study is to investigate the level of awareness and knowledge of Korean physicians on home blood pressure monitoring recommended in current guideline.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2012
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is characterized by delayed contrast dye opacification without significant stenosis of epicardial coronary arteries. However, the pathophysiology and clinical implications of SCF are not fully understood. Some reports have suggested that SCF might be caused by atherosclerosis in the coronary artery microvasculature. Measuring carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), which are non-invasive and simple diagnostic tools, was developed to detect subclinical atherosclerosis. Thus, we determined IMT and PWV, and their possible relationship in a SCF group and a normal coronary flow (NCF) group of patients. We included 101 patients who complained of chest pain but had a normal coronary angiogram. Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction frame count (TIMI frame count, TFC) was evaluated in the left and right coronary arteries. We defined SCF as a TFC of more than 25. Carotid IMT was measured by ultrasonography in both common carotid arteries. PWV was calculated from pulse transit time between the brachial and ankle arteries. Fifteen patients were included in the SCF group and 86 patients in the NCF group. Male patients (n=11, 73.3%) were significantly more common in the SCF group than in the NCF group (n=37, 43.0%, p<0.05). The TFC of the SCF and NCF groups were 28.8±3.5 and 15.7±4.5, respectively. The carotid IMT in the SCF group increased significantly compared to that in the NCF group (1.2±0.3 mm vs. 0.8±0.1 mm, p<0.01). However, no significant difference in PWV was observed between the two groups. SCF may reflect early atherosclerotic changes in the coronary artery microvasculature.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · Korean Circulation Journal
  • No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Cardiac Failure
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    Hyun Kyun Ki · Sung Hea Kim · Seong Woo Han · Hae Suk Cheong
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Infective endocarditis is rarely caused by Burkholderia cepacia. This infection is known to occur particularly in immunocompromised hosts, intravenous heroin users, and in patients with prosthetic valve replacement. Most patients with Burkholderia cepacia endocarditis usually need surgical treatment in addition to antimicrobial treatment. Here, we report the case of a patient who developed Burkholderia cepacia-induced native valve endocarditis with consequent cerebral involvement without any predisposing factors; she was successfully treated by antimicrobial agents only. In this report, we also present literature review of relevant cases.
    Full-text · Article · May 2011 · BMC Infectious Diseases
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of heart failure associated with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). The prognosis of LVSD is significantly influenced by the etiology of heart failure and therefore, differentiation of significant CAD from other etiologies is important. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque are useful predictors for cardiovascular events, including stroke and CAD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of carotid IMT and plaque for the diagnosis of CAD in LVSD patients. Seventy-three (n= 73, 47 male, 67.6±12.4 years) patients hospitalized for heart failure with severe LVSD were retrospectively enrolled. The severity of CAD was analyzed by the Duke Jeopardy Score system, and carotid IMT and plaque were measured according to the Mannheim Carotid IMT Consensus. Significant CAD was found in 41 patients (56.1%, CAD group) on coronary angiography. Mean common carotid artery (CCA) IMT (0.74±0.05 mm vs. 1.04±0.04 mm, p<0.01) was significantly higher in the CAD group. Plaque in CCA (6.25% vs. 19.5%, p<0.01) and plaque in bulb (25.0% vs. 60.9%, p<0.001) were significantly higher in the CAD group. Mean CCA IMT {odds ratio (OR) 2.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.134-4.469, p<0.01} and plaque in bulb (OR 4.69, 95% CI 1.702-12.965, p<0.01) were significant predictors for the diagnosis of CAD according to multivariate logistic regression analysis. In patients with severe LVSD, mean CCA IMT and bulb plaque can be useful additional predictors for the diagnosis of CAD.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010 · Korean Circulation Journal
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Aortic stiffening contributes to the left ventricular (LV) afterload, hypertrophy, and substrate for diastolic dysfunction. It is also known that aortic elastic properties could be investigated with color tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in aortic upper wall. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relation of aortic upper wall TDI and aortic stiffness and other parameters of LV diastolic function. Methods: We examined aortic upper wall by TDI at the 3 cm above the aortic valves because of patient's chest discomfort or dyspnea. We excluded the patient with arterial hypertension or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) or significant valvular heart disease. So a total of 126 (mean age 53.8 ± 13.9 years, male 49.2%) patients were enrolled in this study and divided normal LV filling group (N = 31) and abnormal LV filling group (N = 95). Results: Aortic upper wall early systolic velocity and late diastolic velocity were not different between the two groups. Only aortic upper wall early diastolic velocity (AWEDV) was related to aortic stiffness index (r =−0.25, P = 0.008), distensibility (r = 0.28, P = 0.003), early diastolic (Em) (r = 0.45, P = 0.001), E/Em (r =−0.26, P = 0.003), and significantly reduced in abnormal LV filling group (6.19 ± 2.50 vs 8.18 ± 2.87, P = 0.001). Conclusions: AWEDV is decreased significantly in abnormal LV filling patients. It is statistically related to aortic stiffness, distensibility and parameters of abnormal LV filling, Em, E/Em. TDI velocity of the aortic upper wall can be a helpful tool for evaluating aortic stiffness, distensibility, and diastolic function.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2009 · Echocardiography
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 55-year-old man had undergone successful percutaneous intervention with a sirolimus-eluting stent, placed in the right coronary artery (2.5 x 33 mm) and distal left circumflex artery (3.0 x 28 mm) without high pressure ballooning. Twelve months later he presented with unstable angina. Angiography revealed two fracture sites on the right coronary artery-deployed stent, with a large aneurysm and an aneurysmal dilatation of the left circumflex artery without stent fracture. Due to the potential risk of aneurysmal rupture, he underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and ligation of the aneurysm.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives: To evaluate the accuracy and the clinical utility of the Coaguchek ® XS, a portable po- int-of-care coagulometer, compared to standard laboratory methods in Korean patients. Subjects and Methods: We included 107 patients with atrial fibrillation on long-term oral warfarin therapy. The prothrombin time as ex- pressed by the international normalized ratio (INR) was measured by the portable Coaguchek ® XS system as well as standard laboratory methods. Agreement between the two methods was defined as a difference of less than 0.3 between the INR values. Results: The INR determined by the portable Coaguchek ® XS had excellent correlation with the values obtained by standard methods (r=0.984, p3.0). There was a 91.6% agreement between the two methods. Only nine cases (8.4%) had a difference of more than 0.3; this was mainly noted in the high INR group. Conclusion: The portable self-testing of the INR by the Coaguchek ® XS might be a reliable
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Korean Circulation Journal
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Some reports have suggested that coronary microvascular dysfunction plays a role in the recovery of myocardial function in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count (TFC) is regarded as a simple, reliable method for evaluating microvascular function. We evaluated microvascular function using TFC immediately after coronary intervention and compared TFC with left ventricular systolic function eight months later.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2008 · Korean Circulation Journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The novel parameter T(E-E'), which is the time interval between the onset of the early diastolic mitral inflow velocity (E) and the early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E'), is reported to be related to the constant of the left ventricular (LV) relaxation, and T(E-E') is also reported to be useful for predicting the LV filling pressure. To investigate the effect of preload reduction via hemodialysis on T(E-E'), 28 pairs of echocardiographic evaluations were performed just before and immediately after hemodialysis, including the measurement of the T(E-E') as well as measurement of the conventional echocardiographic parameters. The baseline T(E-E') was 17.9 +/-28.1 ms, which correlated with the ratio of E/E' (r=0.49, p=0.008). After hemodialysis, T(E-E') was shortened to -3.2+/-34.1 ms, which was a significant change from baseline (p=0.001). As T(E-E') is a preload dependent parameter, the intravascular volume status should be taken into account when the clinical application of T(E-E') is considered as an index of LV relaxation.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2007 · Circulation Journal

Publication Stats

80 Citations
41.39 Total Impact Points


  • 2011-2014
    • Konkuk University
      • School of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009-2011
    • Konkuk University Medical Center
      • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
      창녕읍, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
  • 2006-2007
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Samsung Medical Center
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004-2006
    • Samsung Medical Center
      • Department of Cardiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea