Lucja Pilaczynska-Szczesniak

University School of Physical Education, Posen, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (5)9.88 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether short-term cardiac rehabilitation (CR), including dietary counseling, had an impact on changing eating habits in patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: The controlled, prospective, nonrandomized study was performed on 44 patients, early following ACS/PCI, who underwent 2- to 3-week inpatient CR with dietary counseling and compared to 18 patients who did not participate in CR. An analysis of the daily diet composition was performed at baseline, at 3 months post-ACS, and at 1 year post-ACS. Results: In the CR group, comparing baseline with 3 months post-ACS, daily calorie intake was significantly reduced from a mean ± SD of 2260 ± 525 kcal to 2037 ± 514 kcal (P < .05), and daily cholesterol intake from 509 ± 237 to 394 ± 199 mg (P < .05). The daily energy intake of saturated fatty acids was also significantly reduced from 13.6% at baseline to 12.2 ± 4.5% at 3 months and further reduced at 1 year post-ACS to 10.2 ± 4.3% (P < .05). Although both groups exhibited increased body mass index, the increase was significantly greater in the nonrehabilitation group than in the CR group at 1 year post-ACS (2.61 ± 2.23 vs 0.86 ± 1.67 kg/m, respectively, P < .001). Conclusions: The analysis suggests that a short-term CR program following ACS, which includes educational meetings on dietary prevention of atherosclerosis, may result in some favorable and lasting modifications of eating habits of post-ACS patients.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of plant superoxide dismutase extract (GliSODin) supplementation on the balance of oxidants and antioxidants in the serum and erythrocytes of competitive rowers. The double-blinded study included 19 members of the Polish rowing team who were participating in a preparatory camp. Subjects were randomly assigned to the supplemented group (n = 10), who received 2 capsules (500 mg) of GliSODin extract once daily for 6 weeks, or the placebo group (n = 9). At the beginning and end of the study, subjects performed a 2,000-m maximum-effort test on a rowing ergometer. Blood samples were taken from the antecubital vein before each exercise test, 1 min after completing the test, and after a 24-hr restitution period. The following redox parameters were assessed in erythrocytes: superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, glutathione peroxidase activity, and concentrations of thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances. In addition, creatine kinase activity and total antioxidant capacity were measured in plasma samples, lactate levels were determined in capillary blood samples, and C-reactive protein and lactate dehydrogenase concentrations were measured in serum. After supplementation, SOD activity was significantly higher (p = .0037) in the supplemented group than the placebo group, and C-reactive protein was significantly (p = .00001) lower in athletes receiving GliSODin than those in the placebo group. In conclusion, supplementation with an extract rich in SOD activity promoted antioxidant status and protected against increased inflammation in the serum of professional rowers but had no effect on oxidative damage induced by exhaustive exercise.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism
  • Ana Skarpanska-Stejnborn · Lucja Pilaczynska-Szczesniak · Piotr Basta · Ewa Deskur-Smielecka
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Rhodiola rosea supplementation on the balance of oxidants and antioxidants in the serum and erythrocytes of competitive rowers. This double-blinded study included 22 members of the Polish Rowing Team who were participating in a preparatory camp. Participants were randomly assigned to the supplemented group (n = 11), who received 100 mg of R. rosea extract twice daily for 4 wk, or the placebo group (n = 11). At the beginning and end of the study, participants performed a 2,000-m maximum test on a rowing ergometer. Blood samples were taken from the antecubital vein before each exercise test, 1 min after completing the test, and after a 24-hr restitution period. The following redox parameters were assessed in erythrocytes: superoxide dismutase activity, glutathione peroxidase activity, and thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances concentrations. In addition, creatine kinase activity and total antioxidant capacity were measured in plasma samples, lactate levels were determined in capillary blood samples, and uric acid concentrations were measured in serum. After supplementation, the total plasma antioxidant capacity was significantly higher (p = .0002) in the supplemented group than in the placebo group, and superoxide dismutase activity in erythrocytes directly after and 24 hr after the ergometry was significantly (p = .0461) lower in athletes receiving R. rosea extracts than in the placebo group. In conclusion, supplementation with R. rosea increased antioxidant levels in the plasma of professional rowers but had no effect on oxidative damage induced by exhaustive exercise.
    No preview · Article · May 2009 · International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism
  • A Nowak · L Pilaczynska-Szczesniak · E Sliwicka · E Deskur-Smielecka · J Karolkiewicz · A Piechowiak
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to investigate whether recreational physical activity based on aquatic training may improve lipid profile and glucose tolerance in obese subjects. Additionally, we intended to assess a possible correlation between insulin resistance index HOMA(IR) with another index including serum adiponectin concentrations. Study population consisted of 12 obese women aged 44-61, who volunteered for an aquatic training 1 h twice a week for 3 months. Before entering the training program, and after completing it patients' oral glucose tolerance test was performed. Glucose, insulin and adiponectin concentrations, levels of antibodies to oxidatively modified low-density lipoproteins (oLAB), and lipid profiles were measured in blood samples collected before the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Glucose and insulin concentrations were also assessed in blood samples collected at 30 and 120 min of OGTT. Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), and insulin sensitivity indexes HOMA(IR) and HOMA(AD) were calculated on the basis of the obtained data. The 3-month, recreational aquatic training had no influence on body mass, but it resulted in improved glucose tolerance (at t = 0 and t = 120 min), decreased index (HOMA(IR)), and decreased levels of total and LDL-cholesterol (P<0.05). Adiponectin concentrations and values of HOMA(AD) remained unchanged. We found a significant correlation between adiponectin levels and concentrations of total and LDL cholesterol, and between insulin indexes HOMA(IR) and HOMA(AD) both before, and after the training (P<0.01). The results of our study indicate that a 3-month recreational training consisting in water aerobic results in favorable changes in glucose and lipid metabolism in obese subjects, even despite the lack of improvement in body mass.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness
  • Lucja Pilaczynska-Szczesniak · A Skarpanska-Steinborn · E Deskur · P Basta · M Horoszkiewicz-Hassan
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of an increased intake of anthocyanins, contained in chokeberry juice, on the redox parameters in rowers performing a physical exercise during a 1-month training camp. The athletes were randomly assigned to receive 150 mL of chokeberry juice daily, containing 23 mg/100 mL of anthocyanins (supplemented group), or placebo (control group). Before and after the supplementation period, the subjects performed an incremental rowing exercise test. Blood samples were taken from the antecubital vein before each exercise test, 1 min after the test, and following a 24-h recovery period. After the supplementation period, TBARS concentrations in the samples collected 1 min after the exercise test and following a 24-h recovery period were significantly lower in the subjects receiving chokeberry juice than in the control group. In the supplemented group, glutathione peroxidase activity was lower in the samples collected 1 min after the exercise test, and superoxide dismutase activity was lower in the samples taken following a 24-h recovery, as compared to the subjects receiving placebo. These findings indicate that an increased intake of anthocyanins limits the exercise-induced oxidative damage to red blood cells, most probably by enhancing the endogenous antioxidant defense system.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism