[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the diagnostic value of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) performed in parallel to conventional methods at an American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) referral centre for diagnosis. Accuracy parameters for PCR were calculated using 130 patients with confirmed ATL (ATL group), 15 patients established with other diseases and 23 patients with a lesion suggestive of ATL, but without parasitological confirmation (NDEF group). PCR showed 92.3% sensitivity, 93.3% specificity, a 99.2% positive predictive value and a 13.84 positive likelihood ratio. In the NDEF group, PCR confirmed ATL in 13 of the 23 patients, seven of whom responded to leishmaniasis treatment and six who presented spontaneous healing of the lesion. PCR should be included in the routine diagnostic procedures for ATL, especially for cases found to be negative by conventional methods.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate intact skin of seroreactive dogs as a possible target for the parasitological confirmation of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL). For this purpose, 394 dogs identified in serological surveys carried out in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte were studied. Blood was collected from all animals for serology and a tissue sample was obtained from two sites for parasitological diagnosis. Skin obtained from the ear and scapular region was simultaneously analyzed in 247 animals and lesion samples and ear skin were analyzed in 147 dogs. Leishmania parasites were isolated from 310 (78.7%) animals, and all isolates were identified as Leishmania chagasi. Simultaneous isolation from two sites was possible in 240 of the 310 animals, including ear and scapular skin in 151/247 (61.1%) and ear skin and skin lesions in 89/147 (60.5%). Ours results suggest that intact skin is one of the main target sites for the parasitological confirmation of CVL in seroreactive dogs.
Full-text · Article · May 2009 · Research in Veterinary Science
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leishmaniose visceral é uma zoonose de importância em Saúde Pública, onde os cães representam um dos maiores problemas. Este trabalho visa relatar o primeiro caso autóctone da leishmaniose visceral canina no município de Maricá, fornecendo elementos relacionados à distribuição geográfica de Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi no Estado do Rio de Janeiro.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Visceral leishmaniasis is a zoonosis of public health importance, and dogs represent one of the main problems. This paper describes the first autochthonous case of canine visceral leishmaniasis in the municipality of Maricá. It provides new facts regarding the geographical distribution of Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi in the State of Rio de Janeiro.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2009 · Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical