- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose We present a retrospective study of patients with multilevel contiguous tuberculous spondylitis of thoracic region that underwent single-stage posterolateral debridement and fusion and following posterior instrumentation. Methods From June 2000 to March 2009, 870 consecutive spinal tubercular patients including 36 patients who were diagnosed and treated as multilevel contiguous thoracic spinal tuberculosis in our institution. Apart from five patients being treated conservatively, the 31 cases received surgery by single-stage posterolateral debridement, fusion, following posterior instrumentation and postural drainage. The patients were evaluated based on the Frankel scoring system, kyphotic Cobb angle, and visual analog scale (VAS) pain score. Results The mean duration of postoperative follow-up was 79.2 ± 9.9 months (range 62–98 months). Neither mortalities nor any major complications were found. Solid bony fusion was achieved in all patients. No patients with neurological deficit deteriorated postoperatively. According to Frankel scoring system, 7 cases were rated as Grade D, 24 cases as Grade E at last follow-up. The average preoperative Cobb’s angle was 32° (range 21°–39°). The average early postoperative Cobb’s angle was 23° (range 15°–32°). The mean latest postoperative Cobb’s angle was 26° (range 20°–32°), with a small loss of correction at last follow-up. Pre-op VAS was 8.8 ± 0.7 (range 7–10) and final follow-up was 1.8 ± 1.1. There was a significant difference of VAS between preoperation and the final follow-up. Conclusions One-stage surgical treatment for multilevel contiguous spinal tuberculosis by posterolateral debridement, fusion, posterior instrumentation can be an effective and feasible treatment method.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a retrospective study of 15 cases with severe posttuberculous kyphosis of thoracolumbar region that underwent posterior vertebral column resection. From 2004 to 2009, 15 consecutive patients with posttubercular kyphotic deformity underwent posterior vertebral resection osteotomy. Six subjects were females and nine were males with an average age of 35.8 years (range 20-60 years) at the time of surgery. None of the patients had neurological deficits. The mean preoperative visual analogue scale was 8.7 (range 3-9), and the average preoperative Oswestry Disability Index was 46.5 (range 40-56). The average duration of postoperative follow-up was 36.1 ± 10.7 months (range 24-62 months). The number of vertebra resected was 1.3 (range 1-2) on average. There were ten patients with one-level osteotomy and five patients with two-level osteotomy. The average operation time was 446.0 ± 92.5 min (range 300-640 min) with an average blood loss of 1,653.3 ± 777.9 ml (range 800-3000 ml). The focal kyphosis before surgery averaged 92.3 ± 8.9° (range 74-105°), and the kyphotic angle decreased to 34.5 ± 8.7° on average after the surgical correction. The average kyphotic angle at the last follow-up was 36.9 ± 8.5°, loss of correction was 2.4 ± 1.4° on average. All patients postoperatively received bony fusion within 6-9 months. Our results showed that although posterior vertebral resection is a highly technical procedure, it can be used safely and effectively in the management of severe posttuberculous kyphosis. It is imperative that operations be performed by an experienced surgical team to prevent operation-related complications.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of two-level (T12 and L3) pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) for severe thoracolumbar kyphosis in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and to discuss the surgical strategies of this surgery. BACKGROUND: Cases were limited on the results of two-level PSO for correction of severe kyphosis caused by AS, nor on surgical strategies of this type of surgery. METHODS: From March 2006 to December 2010, nine consecutive AS patients with severe kyphotic deformity, underwent T12 and L3 PSOs. Chin-brow vertical angle (CBVA) and radiographic assessments which contain thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), global kyphosis (GK), and sagittal vertical axis were carefully recorded pre and postoperatively to evaluate the sagittal balance. Intra and postoperative complications were also registered. All patients were asked to fill out Oswestry Disability Index before surgery and at the last follow-up visit. RESULTS: All nine patients (8M/1F), averaged 41.4 years old (range 35-51 years), were received two-level (T12 and L3) PSO, and were followed up after surgery for a mean of 39.9 months (range 24-68 months). Good cosmetic results were achieved in all patients. Mean correction at two-level PSO was 67.9 ± 5.5°. All CBVA, TK, LL, and GK were changed significantly after surgery (P < 0.05), the mean amount of correction of which were 59.5 ± 13.8, 34.7 ± 3.8, 33.2 ± 2.4, and 54.0 ± 14.8 degrees, respectively, and with a small loss of correction at the last follow-up visit. Sagittal imbalance was significantly improved from 27.3 ± 4.4 to 3.4 ± 0.7 cm postoperatively. Neither mortalities nor any major neurological complications were found. The mean ODI score was significantly improved from 53.4 ± 15.5 before surgery to 8.2 ± 4.7 at the last visit. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of follow-up showed that two-level (T12 and L3) PSO can effectively and safely correct severe thoracolumbar kyphosis in AS.
Dataset: Supplementary Material 1
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: To compare the clinical outcomes of surgical management by posterior only and combined posterior and anterior approaches for thoracic spinal tuberculosis in the elderly. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. Thirty-six cases of thoracic spinal tuberculosis treated by two different surgical procedures in our center from January 2004 to June 2009 were studied. All the cases were divided into two groups: 20 cases in Group A underwent single-stage posterior debridement, transforaminal fusion and instrumentation, and 16 cases in Group B underwent posterior instrumentation, anterior debridement and bone graft in a single- or two-stage procedure. The operation time, blood loss, correction rate, recovery of neurological function, fusion time and complications were, respectively, compared between Group A and Group B. Results: All patients were followed up for an average of 35.1 ± 5.8 months (range 26-45 months). It was obviously that the average operative duration, blood loss, hospitalization and complication rate of Group A was less than those of Group B. Spinal tuberculosis was completely cured and the grafted bones were fused in 10 months in all patients. There was no persistence or recurrence of infection and no differences in the radiological results in both groups. The kyphosis was significantly corrected after surgical management. However, loss of correction also occurred in both groups. Conclusion: Our study showed that the posterior approach only procedure obtained better clinical outcomes than combined posterior and anterior surgeries. It might be a better surgical treatment for thoracic spinal tuberculosis in aged patients with poor health status, especially for cases in early phase of bone destruction and/or mild and moderate kyphosis.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Various surgical methods have been described for the management of lumbar tuberculous spondylitis in the literature. However, there were few reports on the two-stage surgical treatment of lumbar tuberculosis in children of elementary school age. We present a retrospective clinical study of 14 patients with lumbar and lumbosacral tuberculous spondylitis treated by two-stage surgery (first stage: posterior instrumentation; second stage: anterior debridement and allografting). The purpose is to determine the clinical efficacy of such surgical treatment for lumbar tuberculosis in children. Our series was comprised 9 males and 5 females with an average age of 7.5 years treated with the above-mentioned surgical procedure. All patients had lumbar and lumbosacral involvement with one patient having spondylitis at L2-3, three at L3-4, seven at L4-5, and three at L5-S1. All patients had single motion segment involvement. The Frankel scoring system was used to assess the neurological deficits. Frankel's grade B in two patients, grade C in four and grade D in eight. The following data were followed-up for an average period of 50.1 months (42-64 months) in these patients: healing of disease, deformity correction and its maintenance, neurologic function, and spinal bony fusion. The average preoperative local deformity angle was -13.8°, correcting to 3.4° postoperatively and 1.5° at the final follow-up. With the exception of one patient who received a D at the final follow-up, all cases obtained complete neurological recovery. No breakage and looseness of internal fixation was found. Bony fusion was achieved in all cases within 6 months postoperatively. There was no recurrent tuberculous infection. Two-stage (posterior and anterior) surgery is a safe and effective procedure for the patient of elementary school age suffering from lumbar and lumbosacral tuberculous spondylitis, especially for the patients in poor general condition. The procedure has the advantage of minor surgical invasion, effective kyphosis correction and less complications.