[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) improves the survival of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and has been recommended as a first-line therapy for nonsurgical patients with large or multifocal HCC. The long-term outcome of HCC patients receiving TACE prior to hepatic resection is uncertain.
Between January 1997 and December 2007, 1,530 patients underwent hepatic resection for HCC at our center. Thirty-two patients received 1~12 sessions of TACE followed by surgical resection (TACE-surgery group). Their overall and recurrence-free survival rates were compared with those of 64 age- and sex-matched controls who underwent surgery only (surgery group). Overall and recurrence-free survival rates were analyzed.
The 1-, 2-, and 5-year overall survival rates did not differ significantly between the TACE-surgery group and the surgery group (78%, 60%, and 26%, respectively, vs. 97%, 83%, and 45%, respectively; P=0.11); however, the 1-, 2-, and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were significantly lower in the TACE-surgery group than in the surgery group (58%, 36%, and 7%, respectively, vs. 77%, 58%, and 32%, respectively; P=0.01). The distribution of recurrence sites in the TACE-surgery group were intrahepatic in 85.7% and extrahepatic in 14.3%, and did not differ from those in the surgery group (91.4% and 8.6%, respectively; P=0.66).
HCC patients who underwent TACE before resection appear to have overall survival rates that are comparable to those without preoperative therapy, although recurrence rates appear to be higher in patients with TACE.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2010 · The Korean Journal of Hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Distal microsatellite instability (MSI)-high colorectal cancers (CRCs) have been investigated by few studies and are generally regarded as having similar features to proximal MSI-high CRCs. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate whether distal sporadic MSI-high CRCs displayed distinguished clinicopathological and molecular features from proximal MSI-high CRCs.
All patients who underwent their first surgical resections for stage I-IV sporadic CRCs between August 2003 and August 2006 were initially considered for enrollment, and their MSI data were prospectively collected. Among them, 135 patients with MSI-high CRCs (86 proximal and 49 distal CRCs) were finally identified. The clinicopathological and molecular characteristics, and prognosis of these cases with MSI-high CRCs were reviewed and compared according to tumor site (proximal versus distal).
Distal MSI-high CRCs showed significantly more frequent association with younger age, male gender, differentiated histology, small tumor size, distant metastasis, stability in BAT25 and BAT26, and hMLH1 expression on immunohistochemical staining as compared with proximal MSI-high CRCs. In addition, distal MSI-high CRCs demonstrated significantly worse 3-year overall and disease-free survival rates than proximal MSI-high CRCs (87.0% versus 97.4%; 81.6% versus 95.9%). For stage III-IV CRCs, distal MSI-high CRCs also showed significantly worse 3-year overall and disease-free survival rates than proximal MSI-high CRCs (72.2% vs. 90.5%; 58.3% vs. 94.4%).
These results indicated that distal sporadic MSI-high CRCs formed a distinct subgroup with distinguished clinicopathological and molecular features from proximal MSI-high CRCs. In addition, this study demonstrated that distal MSI-high CRCs had worse prognosis than proximal MSI-high CRCs.
No preview · Article · May 2010 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Compact lipiodol uptake without enhancement on multiphasic helical computed tomography (CT) has been suggested as a radiologic response criterion in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and subsequent partial hepatectomy. However, its usefulness has not been fully investigated in the explanted liver.
Between 1998 and 2007, 81 patients with HCC underwent 1-9 sessions of TACE followed by liver transplantation (LT). Thirty-nine tumors in 29 patients showed a radiologic response on CT performed prior to LT. The radiologic response criteria and the duration of the response were evaluated to predict total necrosis in the explanted liver.
Among the 39 tumors, 34 nodules (87.2%) exhibited total pathological necrosis. While 13 out of 16 tumors (81.3%) with a radiologic response for 6 months or less were completely necrotic, 21 out of 23 tumors (91.3%) with a radiologic response of longer than 6 months showed total necrosis.
Our results suggested that the radiologic response criteria based on serial CT images might be useful for predicting total necrosis of TACE-pretreated HCC in LT.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The biologic significance of low-level microsatellite instability (MSI) in colorectal cancers (CRCs) remains unclear. This study aimed to elucidate whether sporadic MSI-low CRCs in Korea displayed distinguished clinicopathological characteristics from microsatellite stable (MSS) and MSI-high CRCs.
We consecutively enrolled 657 patients who underwent their first surgical resections for stage I-IV sporadic CRCs and compared their clinicopathological features and prognosis after resection according to MSI status (574 MSS, 30 MSI-low and 53 MSI-high CRCs).
When compared with MSS CRCs, MSI-low CRCs showed significantly more frequent association with poorly differentiated histology, mucinous carcinoma, and large tumour size. In addition, MSI-low CRCs demonstrated significantly less frequent lymph node metastasis and advanced tumour stage than MSS CRCs. When compared with MSI-high CRCs, MSI-low CRCs were significantly more frequently located in distal colon. Three-year overall and disease-free survival rates of MSS, MSI-low and MSI-high CRCs were 83.5%, 90.0% and 91.7% and 82.0%, 89.1% and 87.5%, respectively and neither demonstrated significant difference between three groups.
These results indicated that sporadic MSI-low CRCs in Korea displayed distinguished clinicopathological features and might form a distinct subgroup especially from MSS CRCs. Further large studies are required to evaluate the impact of MSI-low status on prognosis.
No preview · Article · May 2009 · Journal of Surgical Oncology