Sérgio Luiz B Luz

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Publications (5)15.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Rotaviruses A (RV-A) infection is the most common cause of acute diarrheal diseases in infants and the dissemination of these viruses in the environment represents a public health hazard. The present study aims to evaluate reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) based protocols for the detection of RV-A genes in different types of environmental samples. RV-A were concentrated by the adsorption-elution method using negatively charged membranes associated with a Centriprep Concentrator 50. The RV-A VP4, VP7 and VP6 genes were detected using RT-PCR in river water from the Amazon Hydrographic basin (Northern region) and from wastewater in a sewage treatment plant in Rio de Janeiro (Southeast region), Brazil. RV-A were successfully detected in water environmental samples by the methods used. The detection of the VP6 gene by RT-PCR was the most sensitive for detecting RV-A in environmental samples (44.0%), when compared to the detection of the VP4 (33.3%) and VP7 (25.3%) genes. Based on nucleotide sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the partial VP6 gene, 22 environmental samples were determined to be subgroup II (Wa-like). These results indicate that analysis of environmental samples could possibly make a valuable contribution to studies on the epidemiology of RV-A.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Water Science & Technology
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    L Diniz-Mendes · V.S. de Paula · S.L.B. Luz · C Niel
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    ABSTRACT: Torque teno virus (TTV) is a human DNA virus chronically infecting most healthy individuals worldwide and can be transmitted by faecal-oral route. The occurrence of TTV was evaluated in the streams crossing the city of Manaus (Brazilian Amazon) over a 1-year period, four times a year. Fifty-two water samples were collected from 13 different locations. Viruses were concentrated from two litres of water by adsorption to negative membrane filters followed by ultrafiltration. TTV DNA was detected by PCR assays designed to detect all five TTV genomic groups. By conventional PCR, 19/52 (37%) samples were positive. By real-time PCR, TTV DNA could be detected in 48/52 (92%) samples. Viral loads ranged from 1300 to 746 000 genome equivalent per 100 ml of river water. Eleven distinct nucleotide sequences were obtained. Our results show the wide distribution and diversity of TTV among Manaus urban micro basins. The data presented here may contribute to substantiate TTV as a sensitive indicator of human contamination.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Journal of Applied Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the presence of the four main viruses responsible for human acute gastroenteritis in a hydrographic network impacted by a disordered urbanization process, a 1-year study was performed involving water sample collection from streams in the hydrographic basin surrounding the city of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Thirteen surface water sample collection sites, including different areas of human settlement characterized as urban, rural, and primary forest, located in the Tarumã-Açu, São Raimundo, Educandos, and Puraquequara microbasins, were defined with a global positioning system. At least one virus was detected in 59.6% (31/52) of the water samples analyzed, and rotavirus was the most frequent (44.2%), followed by human adenovirus (30.8%), human astrovirus (15.4%), and norovirus (5.8%). The viral contamination observed mainly in the urban streams reflected the presence of a local high-density population and indicated the gastroenteritis burden from pathogenic viruses in the water, principally due to recreational activities such as bathing. The presence of viral genomes in areas where fecal contamination was not demonstrated by bacterial indicators suggests prolonged virus persistence in aquatic environments and emphasizes the enteric virus group as the most reliable for environmental monitoring.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a significant waterborne human pathogen. Of the global supply of potable water, Brazil retains 13%, of which 75% resides in the Amazon Basin. Although hepatitis A morbidity has declined progressively in Brazil as a whole, it remains high in the Amazon region. We used nested and real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect and quantify the viral load in water samples from the Amazon Basin. Most samples tested positive (92%), with viral loads varying from 60 to 5500 copies /L, depending on sanitary conditions and the degree of flooding. Nested RT-PCR of the VP1-2A region detected HAV RNA in 23% of the samples. In low viral load samples, HAV was detected only with real-time RT-PCR, suggesting that this technique is useful for monitoring HAV contamination. The presence of HAV in water samples constitutes a serious public health problem.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2007 · Water Research

  • No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · Journal of Clinical Virology