[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plasma is recognized as a promising source of disease-related biomarkers, and proteomic approaches for identifying novel plasma biomarkers are in great demand. However, the complexity and dynamic protein concentration range of plasma remain the main obstacles for current research in this field. In this study, plasma proteins were prefractioned by immunodepletion and Protein Equalizer Technology to remove high abundant proteins, then labeled with an 8-plex isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) to improve the peptide ionization, and analyzed by strong-cation-exchange(SCX) coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Our results showed that both prefraction methods were complementary, with regard to the number of identified proteins. Good chromatographic technique is important to further fractionate the iTRAQ labeling peptides, which allowed 320 and 248 different proteins to be characterized from two prefraction methods, respectively, encompassing a wide array of biological functions and a broad dynamic range of 10(7). Furthermore, the accuracy of iTRAQ relative quantitation for differentially expressed proteins is associated with the number of peptides hits per protein.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2010 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry