[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Radiotherapy is a powerful cure for several types of solid tumours, but its application is often limited because of severe side effects in individual patients. With the aim to find biomarkers capable of predicting normal tissue side reactions we analysed the radiation responses of cells from individual head and neck tumour and breast cancer patients of different clinical radiosensitivity in a multicentric study. Multiple parameters of cellular radiosensitivity were analysed in coded samples of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and derived lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) from 15 clinical radio-hypersensitive tumour patients and compared to age- and sex-matched non-radiosensitive patient controls and 15 lymphoblastoid cell lines from age- and sex- matched healthy controls of the KORA study. Experimental parameters included ionizing radiation (IR)-induced cell death (AnnexinV), induction and repair of DNA strand breaks (Comet assay), induction of yH2AX foci (as a result of DNA double strand breaks), and whole genome expression analyses. Considerable inter-individual differences in IR-induced DNA strand breaks and their repair and/or cell death could be detected in primary and immortalised cells with the applied assays. The group of clinically radiosensitive patients was not unequivocally distinguishable from normal responding patients nor were individual overreacting patients in the test system unambiguously identified by two different laboratories. Thus, the in vitro test systems investigated here seem not to be appropriate for a general prediction of clinical reactions during or after radiotherapy due to the experimental variability compared to the small effect of radiation sensitivity. Genome-wide expression analysis however revealed a set of 67 marker genes which were differentially induced 6 h after in vitro-irradiation in lymphocytes from radio-hypersensitive and non-radiosensitive patients. These results warrant future validation in larger cohorts in order to determine parameters potentially predictive for clinical radiosensitivity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To date, simultaneously performed investigations on the differential radiosensitivity of an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B cell line as well as B and T lymphocytes of human peripheral blood are not available. Thus the aim of the present study was to fill this gap by directly comparing the corresponding dose-response relationships of dicentrics obtained in blood samples from the same donor.
Cell samples of whole blood or low passage cells of an EBV-transformed B cell line were irradiated by 120 kV X-rays in chambers tightly embedded in a polymethylmethacrylate phantom. Chromosome analysis was performed in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated T lymphocytes, in pokeweed mitogen-stimulated B lymphocytes and in the EBV-transformed B cell line.
Based on dose-response relationships of dicentrics, different radiosensitivity values relative to T lymphocytes were found from 1.53-1.46 for the EBV-transformed cell line, from 0.76-0.80 for resting B lymphocytes and from 2.36-2.20 for cycling B lymphocytes within the dose range from 0.25-4 Gy.
Owing to these different radiosensitivity values, care has to be taken when dose-response relationships of dicentrics determined in B cell lines are used in biological dosimetry to estimate any dose levels for radiation protection purposes.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · International Journal of Radiation Biology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the present study, the predictive value of ionising radiation (IR)-induced cell death was tested in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and their corresponding Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) in an interlaboratory comparison. PBLs and their corresponding LCLs were derived from 15 tumour patients, that were considered clinically radiosensitive based on acute side-effects, and matched controls. Upon coding of the samples, radiosensitivity of the matched pairs was analysed in parallel in three different laboratories by assessing radiation-induced apoptotic and necrotic cell death using annexin V. All participating laboratories detected a dose-dependent increase of apoptosis and necrosis in the individual samples, to a very similar extent. However, comparing the mean values of apoptotic and necrotic levels derived from PBLs of the radiosensitive cohort with the mean values of the control cohort did not reveal a significant difference. Furthermore, within 15 matched pairs, no sample was unambiguously and independently identified by all three participating laboratories to demonstrate in vitro hypersensitivity that matched the clinical hypersensitivity. As has been reported previously, apoptotic and necrotic cell death is barely detectable in immortalised LCL derivatives using low doses of IR. Concomitantly, the differences in apoptosis or necrosis levels found in primary cells of different individuals were not observed in the corresponding LCL derivatives. All participating laboratories concordantly reasoned that, with the methods applied here, IR-induced cell death in PBLs is unsuitable to unequivocally predict the individual clinical radiosensitivity of cancer patients. Furthermore, LCLs do not reflect the physiological properties of the corresponding primary blood lymphocytes with regard to IR-induced cell death. Their value to predict clinical radiosensitivity is thus highly questionable.