[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Combined chemotherapeutic regimens in conjunction with oxaliplatin are considered safe and effective treatment options in the clinical management of metastatic colorectal cancer. A 62-year-old male patient with a metastatic rectal carcinoma developed a pulmonary reaction after the first application of the combined standard chemotherapy regimen (5-fluorouracil and sodium folinic acid as a 24 h infusion and oxaliplatin). Following the first dose of chemotherapy, the patient developed acute dyspnoea and fever. A computerised scan of the chest revealed bilateral pulmonary patchy consolidation. Despite high-dose empiric antibiotic and antimycotic treatment, no clinical improvement was seen. The patient's condition deteriorated, and he required invasive mechanical ventilation. Diagnostic thoracoscopic wedge resections were performed for further diagnosis. The histological workup revealed distinct granulomatous inflammation, but no microbial pathogens were to be found. Thereupon, a drug-induced reaction to chemotherapy was suspected and high-dose steroid treatment initiated. Subsequently, the patient's respiratory condition improved and he was extubated. The present case exemplifies the rare course of a bilateral pneumonia-like, drug-induced granulomatous reaction following a single application of oxaliplatin. In addition to the known side effects of oxaliplatin-containing combination chemotherapy, unexpected serious adverse events in the form of pulmonary toxicities should also be taken into account.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction:
To estimate the costs of palliative care for colorectal cancer (CRC) from the perspective of German statutory health insurance and to measure the patients' quality of life (QoL) for a 2-year time period.
A prospective observational multicentre study was carried out to estimate the direct costs of care over a 2-year period. Case report forms, medical records, and claims data were all applied to document medical and resource usage data in real-world settings. QoL was measured by using the Short Form-12 Health Survey.
In total 101 patients (mean age 67.09 ± 11.13 years, 68 % male) from 12 different settings were included. The mean costs per patient during the 1st and 2nd years were calculated to be 42,361€ and 32,023€, respectively. Highest mean costs were calculated for the second quarter, which reached an amount of 12,900€ (95 % CI: 11,127€-14,673€). Mean physical summary scores and mean mental summary scores were 41.8 and 49.7, respectively.
This is the first study assessing the costs of palliative care and the quality of life of patients with CRC in real-world health-care delivery in Germany. It could be shown that CRC treatment represents an enormous economic burden to the German health-care system. Increased efforts in promoting effective and efficient treatment options, or performance-based medication reimbursement schemes, might be helpful in reducing the costs.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · The European Journal of Health Economics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prognostic outlook for patients suffering from pancreatic cancer is generally poor. Particularly in cases of advanced and metastatic disease, long-term relapse-free survival may be achieved only in a few cases.
A 45-year-old patient presented with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Liver metastases had been intra-operatively confirmed by histology. Prior to initiating treatment, a portacath was surgically implanted. Subsequently, the patient received a weekly dose of 1,000 mg/m(2) gemcitabine combined with 2,000 mg/m(2) high-dose 5-fluorouracil as a 24-hour infusion for palliative treatment. As the patient was suffering from a stenosis of the ductus hepaticus communis, an endoprosthesis was primarily implanted. After 18 applications of chemotherapy during which only low toxic side effects such as nausea, vomiting and alopecia (NCI-CTC grade 1) presented, a partial remission of the primary tumor was observed. In the course of chemotherapy treatment, the carbohydrate antigen 19-9 tumor marker value normalized. Thus, the interdisciplinary tumor board of the University of Erlangen decided to perform a laparoscopy to evaluate the status of liver metastases after palliative chemotherapy treatment. Subsequently, the primary tumor could be completely resected (pT2, pN0, pM0, L0, V0, G2, R0); liver metastases were not observed. Eight years after the initial diagnosis, the patient is relapse-free, professionally fully integrated and presents with an excellent performance status.
Patients suffering from metastatic pancreatic cancer may benefit from treatment combinations with palliative intent. In singular cases, patients may even have a curative treatment option, provided a close interdisciplinary collaboration exists.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2011 · Case Reports in Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of weekly high-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/folinic acid (FA) as 24-h infusion (AIO regimen) plus irinotecan in patients with histologically proven metastatic gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma (UICC stage IV).
From 08/1999 to 12/2008, 76 registered, previously untreated patients were evaluable. Treatment regimen: irinotecan (80 mg/m²) as 1-h infusion followed by 5-FU (2000 mg/m²) combined with FA (500 mg/m²) as 24-h infusion (d1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, qd 57).
Median age: 59 years; male/female: 74%/26%; ECOG ≤1: 83%; response: CR: 1%, PR: 16%, SD: 61%, PD: 17%, not evaluable in terms of response: 5%; tumor control: 78%; median OS: 11.2 months; median time-to-progression: 5.3 months; 1-year survival rate: 49%; 2-year survival rate: 17%; no evidence of disease: 6.6%; higher grade toxicities (grade 3/4): anemia: 7%, leucopenia: 1%, ascites: 3%, nausea: 3%, infections: 12%, vomiting: 9%, GI bleeding of the primary tumor: 4%, diarrhea: 17%, thromboembolic events: 4%; secondary metastatic resection after downsizing: 16 patients (21%), R-classification of secondary resections: R0/R1/R2: 81%/6%/13%, median survival of the 16 patients with secondary resection: 23.7 months.
Combined 5-FU/FA as 24-h infusion plus irinotecan may be considered as an active palliative first-line treatment accompanied by tolerable toxicity; thus offering an alternative to cisplatin-based treatment regimens. Thanks to efficient interdisciplinary teamwork, secondary metastatic resections could be performed in 16 patients. In total, the patients who had undergone secondary resection had a median survival of 23.7 months, whereas the median survival of patients without secondary resection was 10.1 months (p≤0.001).
Full-text · Article · May 2011 · Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxic side effects of combined gemcitabine plus weekly high-dose 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) as 24h-infusion in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (UICC IV) as validation group of an earlier phase II study. Primary endpoints were to assess the response and tumour control rate.
This study comprised 60 prospectively registered patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (UICC IV). A locally advanced disease was defined as exclusion criteria. The treatment schedule was weekly gemcitabine (1.000 mg/m(2)) as a 0.5h-infusion combined with 5-FU (2.000 mg/m(2)) as a 24h-infusion on day 1, 8 and 15 every 28 days.
Response rate (CR+PR) was achieved in 7% of the patients, tumour control rate (CR+PR+SD) was achieved in 59%. Median time-to-progression was 4 months, median overall survival was 7.3 months (95% CI 5.4-9.1). The median survival of patients with normal CEA value was 10.6 months (95% CI 7.8-13.4); with a normal CA 19-9 median survival was 10.1 months (95% CI 4.6-15.7) and with ECOG performance status 0 median survival was 10.1 months (95% CI 8.6-15.3). As higher grade toxicity (grade 3/4) leukopenia (15%), anaemia (10%) and thrombopenia (5%) were observed. Nausea and diarrhea (grade 3/4) occurred in 5% of the patients and vomiting in 2%.
The administration of gemcitabine and 5-FU as a 24h-infusion is feasible and offers good tumour control rate accompanied by tolerable toxicity. The subgroup of patients with a good performance status (ECOG 0) and tumour markers within the normal range benefit from the gemcitabine combination therapy.
No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In 2003 Wein et al. published data after a short median follow up (23 months). Here we report on the long-term results.
The patients (n=20) received a neoadjuvant treatment regimen comprising biweekly 85 mg/m2 oxaliplatin (L-OHP) (2h-infusion, d 1, 15, 29 qd 57) and 500 mg/m2 calcium folinic acid (FA) (1-2h-infusion, d 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36 qd 57) followed by 2600 mg/m2 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) (24h-infusion, d 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36 qd 57). Two cycles of chemotherapy were administered, with a third being added when the treatment was well tolerated. Thereafter, curative resection of the liver metastases was attempted.
After neoadjuvant therapy, imaging procedures revealed complete remission in 2 patients (10%) and partial remission in 18 patients (90%). Diarrhea (Common Toxicity Criteria toxicity grade 3) was observed in 6 patients (30%) as main symptom of toxicity, followed by vomiting in 3 patients (15%). Higher grade sensomotoric neuropathy did not present. The curative resectability rate (R0) was 80%. In 9 out of 18 patients (50%) undergoing surgical intervention minor postoperative complications occurred. No postoperative mortality was observed. Over a median follow up of 45,5 months the median survival of all patients is 3.0 years and the 5-year overall survival rate is 40%. The 5-year disease-free survival rate is 25%.
Neoadjuvant treatment with 5-FU combined with FA and L-OHP proved to be highly effective and well tolerated. Disease-free survival rates and median overall survival rates are promising.
No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In 40% of all cases of Crohn's disease fistulas emerge during the course of disease. Nevertheless, acne inversa has to be taken into account as an infrequent differential diagnosis. Infliximab as an antibody against the pro-inflammatory mediator TNF-alpha is active in cases of acute Crohn's disease, concomitant fistulas and cutaneous manifestations.
We report on the case of a 54-year-old patient suffering for five years from a severe suppurative fistuling cutaneous disease concomitant to Crohn's disease. At the start of treatment the histological findings of a specimen presented chronically fibrosing lymphoplasmacellular dermatitis with both a very high number of plasma cells and a burrow-like fistula system. Due to superinfection the treatment was at first based on the administration of intravenous and oral doses of antibiotic agents, followed by a treatment course of 14 months with methotrexate and seven applications of infliximab. During the Crohn's disease, which was accompanied by persisting concomitant discomforts, an extensive surgical sanitation of the fistulous tracts was performed. Acne inversa was diagnosed in the subsequent histological analysis of the operative specimen.
Acne inversa is a very rare cutaneous disease. Several case reports describe the successful treatment of acne inversa concomitant to Crohn's disease using anti-TNF-alpha-antibodies. The long-term course of the case presented here shows that the non-response to infliximab might be caused by both the long duration and the distinct grade of seriousness of the acne inversa.
No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the majority of patients with oesophageal carcinoma, curative treatment proves to be impossible when diagnosis was established; therefore, most of the patients are candidates for palliative chemotherapy. The aim of this phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 5-fluorouracil/folinic acid (AIO regimen) plus irinotecan in patients with locally advanced or metastatic carcinoma of the oesophagus. The methods used a prospective phase II trial, start: November 2002; patients: n=25; chemotherapy: irinotecan (80 mg/m2) as a 1-h infusion and 5-fluorouracil (2000 mg/m2) with sodium folinic acid (500 mg/m2) as a 24-h infusion on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29 and 36, repeated on day 57. Last date of evaluation: 28 February 2007; n=24; adenocarcinoma: n=13, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC): n=11; UICC III/IV: 3/21; grading G1/G2/G3/G4: 0/8/12/4; median age: 58 years (range 44-75); men/women: 19/5; Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group index 0/1/2: 3/17/4; applications: 460. Higher-grade toxicity: grade 3 diarrhoea: n=2, grade 4 diarrhoea: n=1, grade 4 vomiting: n=1, grade 4 nausea: n=1, grade 3 fatigue: n=1, grade 3 hyponatraemia: n=2, grade 4 elevation of creatinine: n=1, thrombosis of the vena subclavia: n=1, ischaemic lesion of the brain stem: n=1. Three patients died after two chemotherapeutic applications because of high tumour burden. Evaluable for response: n=19. Partial response: n=8 (33%), stable disease: n=9 (38%), progressive disease: n=2 (8%), not evaluable: n=5 (21%). Time-to-progression: 6.6 months (range 1.6-24.6). Total median survival: 13.6 months (median survival of adenocarcinoma: 20.3 months, median survival of SCC: 10.0 months). Secondary resection (R0): n=3. In oesophageal carcinomas, the AIO regimen plus irinotecan is excellently manageable as an outpatient treatment and shows efficacy in adenocarcinomas and SCCs of the oesophagus.
No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Anti-cancer drugs
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To date, only few reports are available on patients with esophageal carcinoma containing a tracheoesophageal fistula under chemotherapy.
A 56-year-old patient presented to the hospital with a stenosing squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus containing a tracheoesophageal fistula 3 cm above the carina. After placement of a Port-a-Cath and adequate hydration he received weekly 500 mg/m (2) i. v. folinic acid (FA) as a 1 - 2-hour infusion and 2000 mg/m (2) 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as a 24-hour infusion (24-h inf.) (AIO regimen) with prior application of bi-weekly 50 mg/m (2) i. v. cisplatin. A tracheal Y-Dumont metallic stent was inserted prior to initiating systemic treatment. The patient's alimentation was completely parenteral. After three cycles of chemotherapy (six months) the patient revealed complete remission (CR) with closure of the tracheoesophageal fistula. The tracheal Y-Dumont stent could be removed and the patient had oral alimentation restored. 29 months after initiating treatment he is without evidence of disease.
Patients with esophageal carcinoma containing a tracheoesophageal fistula might benefit from chemotherapy and should not be generally excluded from systemic treatment.
No preview · Article · Sep 2004 · Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of second-line treatment with weekly high-dose 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) as a 24-hour infusion (24-h inf.) and folinic acid (FA) (AIO-regimen) plus Oxaliplatin (L-OHP) after pre-treatment with the AIO regimen, focusing in particular on the efficacy of palliative first- and second-line treatment in colorectal carcinoma (CRC).
Patients with non-resectable distant CRC metastases were enrolled in a prospective phase II study for palliative second-line treatment after previous palliative first-line treatment in accordance with the AIO regimen. On an outpatient basis, the patients received a treatment regimen comprising biweekly 85 mg/m2 L-OHP in the form of a 2-hour intravenous (i.v.) infusion and 500 mg/m2 FA as a 1 to 2-hour i.v. infusion, followed by 2,600 mg/m2 5-FU administered as a 24-h inf. i.v. once weekly. A single treatment cycle comprised 6 weekly infusions followed by 2 weeks of rest.
During second-line treatment, a total of 26 patients received 340 chemotherapy applications. As the main symptom of toxicity, diarrhoea (NCI-CTC toxicity grade 3+4) presented in 5 patients (19%; 95% CI: 4-34), followed by nausea (CTC grade 3) in one patient (4%; 95% CI: 0-11). Twenty-three patients were evaluable for treatment response. The remission data can be summarised as follows: Complete remission (CR): n=1 (4%; 95% CI: 0-13); partial remission (PR): n=3 (13%; 95% CI: 0-27); stable disease (SD): n=11 (48%; 95% CI: 27-68) and progressive disease (PD): n=8 (35%; 95% CI: 15-54). The median progression-free survival (PFS) rate (n=26) was 3.3 months (range 0-11.5), the median survival time counted from the start of second-line treatment (n=26) 11.6 months (range 2.1-33.0) and the median survival time counted from the start of first-line treatment (n=26) 19.9 months (range 7.7-49.8).
Palliative second-line treatment according to the AIO regimen plus L-OHP is feasible in an outpatient setting and well tolerated by the patients. Tumour control (CR + PR + SD) was achieved in 65% of the patients, the median survival time being 11.6 months. The AIO regimen followed by the 'AIO regimen plus L-OHP' therapy sequence led to a promising median survival time of 19.9 months (range 7.7-49.8).
Full-text · Article · Jan 2004 · Anticancer research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as a 24-h infusion and folinic acid (FA) (AIO regimen) plus irinotecan (CPT-11) after pre-treatment with AIO plus oxaliplatin (L-OHP) in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Twenty-six patients with non-resectable distant CRC metastases were analyzed for second- or third-line treatment with AIO plus CPT-11 after pre-treatment with AIO plus L-OHP. On an outpatient basis, the patients received a treatment regimen comprising weekly 80 mg/m2 CPT-11 in the form of a 1-h i.v. infusion and 500 mg/m2 FA as a 1- to 2-h i.v. infusion, followed by 2000 mg/m2 5-FU i.v. administered as a 24-h infusion once weekly. A single treatment cycle comprised six weekly infusions followed by 2 weeks of rest. A total of 26 patients received 344 chemotherapy applications with AIO plus CPT-11. The main symptom of toxicity was diarrhea (NCI-CTC toxicity grade 3+4) occurring in five patients (19%; 95% CI 7-39%). Nausea and vomiting presented in two patients (8%; 95% CI 1-25%). The response rate of 26 patients can be summarized as follows: partial remission: n=7 (27%; 95% CI 12-48%); stable disease: n=9 (35%; 95% CI 17-56%) and progressive disease: n=10 (38%; 95% CI 20-59%). The median progression-free survival (n=26) was 5.8 months (range 3-13), the median survival time counted from the treatment start with the AIO plus CPT-11 regimen was 10 months (range 2-24) and counted from the start of first-line treatment (n=26) was 23 months (range 10-66). We conclude that the AIO regimen plus CPT-11 is practicable in an outpatient setting and well tolerated by the patients. Tumor control was achieved in 62% of the patients. The median survival time was 10 months and the median survival time from the start of first-line treatment (n=26) was 23 months.
No preview · Article · Nov 2003 · Anti-Cancer Drugs