[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Desmoid tumors are rare benign monoclonal fibroblastic tumors. Their aggressiveness is local with no potential for metastasis or dedifferentiation. Here we report on a 61-year-old patient who presented a locally advanced breast desmoid tumor diagnosed 20 years after post-operative radiotherapy for breast carcinoma. After 2 years of medical treatment, a high-grade undifferentiated pleomorphic soft tissue sarcoma arose within the desmoid tumor. Despite extensive surgery removing both tumors, the patient showed locoregional relapse by the sarcoma, followed by multimetastatic progression, then death 25 months after the surgery. The arising of a soft tissue sarcoma in a desmoid tumor is an exceptional event since our case is the fourth one reported so far in literature. It reinforces the need for timely and accurate diagnosis when a new mass develops in the region of a preexisting desmoid tumor, and more generally when a desmoid tumor modifies its clinical or radiological aspect.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
To better know the presentation and outcome of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in patients above 75 years of age.
Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with a pancreatic adenocarcinoma seen in the Comprehensive Cancer Center of Marseille between January 2002 and January 2012 was used.
During these 10 years, 129 patients older than 75 years of age were seen, 61 females and 68 males, median age 78. At diagnosis, the tumor was metastatic in 45 %. First line treatments were: surgical resection in 22 cases, radio-chemotherapy in 20 cases (1 operated on later), systemic chemotherapy in 59 cases, and best supportive care alone in 28 cases. Resection was possible in 19 cases and was R0 in 17; post-operative mortality was 0 %, and half received adjuvant chemotherapy. Median overall survival was 43 months with a 2-year overall survival of 64 %. For locally advanced tumor, 16 received best supportive care and 33 a specific treatment (20 cases of radio-chemotherapy). Median overall survival was 9.1 months and 2-year overall, survival was 6.1 %. Among the 58 metastatic patients, 79 % received systemic chemotherapy (most by gemcitabine); tolerance was correct in half. Median overall survival was 4.7 months, with a 2-year overall survival of 5.3 %.
Surgery of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is feasible and safe in elderly patients with good outcomes. In advanced and metastatic patients, the outcome is poor despite a correct tolerance of systemic chemotherapy. Randomized trials specially designed for this population are urgently needed.
No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to analyze the impact of the Siewert classification on the pathological complete response (pcR), pattern of failure, and general outcome of patients treated, by preoperative chemoradiotherapy and surgery for an gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (OGJA). From 2000 to 2008, the charts of 68 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Tumor staging reported was UST1/T2/T3/T4/unknown, respectively, n = 1/7/54/5/1 patients, and N0/N1/unknown, respectively, n = 9/58/1 patients. Patients received primary external-beam radiotherapy with concurrent chemotherapy followed by surgical resection (Siewert I: upper oesogastrectomy; Siewert II/III: total gastrectomy with lower oesophagectomy). Overall survival (OS), overall relapse rate (ORR), cumulative rate of local (CRLR), nodal (CRNR), and metastatic (CRMR) relapse, and their prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed. Median follow-up was 77.5 months. Median OS was 41.7 ± 5.2 months. The 3-year ORR was 48%. Using univariate analysis ORR was significantly increased for patients with Siewert II/III compared to Siewert I tumors (27.3% versus 62%, p = 0.047). Siewert I tumors had also statistically lower CRNR and CRMR compared to Siewert II/III tumors (0/9.1% versus 41.3/60.2% resp., p = 0.012), despite an equivalent cumulative rate of local relapse and pathological complete response rate between the three groups. For OGJA treated with preoperative CRT and surgery, ORR and CRMR were lower for patients with Siewert I tumors in comparison with Siewert II/III tumors.
Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Gastroenterology Research and Practice
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We compared two intensity-modulated radiotherapy techniques for left-sided breast treatment, involving lymph node irradiation
including the internal mammary chain. Inverse planned arc-therapy (VMAT) was compared with a forward-planned multi-segment
technique with a mono-isocenter (MONOISO). Ten files were planned per technique, delivering a 50-Gy dose to the breast and
46.95 Gy to nodes, within 25 fractions. Comparative endpoints were planning target volume (PTV) coverage, dose to surrounding
structures, and treatment delivery time. PTV coverage, homogeneity and conformality were better for two arc VMAT plans; V95%PTV-T was 96% for VMAT vs 89.2% for MONOISO. Homogeneity index (HI)PTV-T was 0.1 and HIPTV-N was 0.1 for VMAT vs 0.6 and 0.5 for MONOISO. Treatment delivery time was reduced by a factor of two using VMAT relative to
MONOISO (84 s vs 180 s). High doses to organs at risk were reduced (V30left lung = 14% using VMAT vs 24.4% with MONOISO; dose to 2% of the volume (D2%)heart = 26.1 Gy vs 32 Gy), especially to the left coronary artery (LCA) (D2%LCA = 34.4 Gy vs 40.3 Gy). However, VMAT delivered low doses to a larger volume, including contralateral organs (mean dose [Dmean]right lung = 4 Gy and Dmeanright breast = 3.2 Gy). These were better protected using MONOISO plans (Dmeanright lung = 0.8 Gy and Dmeanright breast = 0.4 Gy). VMAT improved PTV coverage and dose homogeneity, but clinical benefits remain unclear. Decreased dose exposure
to the LCA may be clinically relevant. VMAT could be used for complex treatments that are difficult with conventional techniques.
Patient age should be considered because of uncertainties concerning secondary malignancies.
Preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Radiation Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims
Recent data suggest that patients with pulmonary metastases from sarcomas might benefit from ablation of their metastases. Some data are available regarding osteosarcomas/angiosarcomas and lung metastases. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of local ablative treatment on the survival of patients with oligometastases (one to five lesions, any metastatic site, any grade/histology) from sarcomas.
Materials and Methods
A multicentric retrospective study of the French Sarcoma Group was conducted in sarcoma patients with oligometastases who were treated between 2000 and 2012. Survival was analysed using multivariate sensitivity analyses with propensity scores to limit bias.
Of the 281 patients evaluated, 164 patients received local treatment for oligometastases between 2000 and 2012. The groups' characteristics were similar in terms of tumour size and remission of the primary tumours. The median follow-up was 25.7 months; 129 (45.9%) patients had died at this point. The median overall survivals were 45.3 (95% confidence interval = 34–73) months for the local treatment group and 12.6 for the other group (95% confidence interval = 9.33–22.9). Survival was better among patients who received local treatment (hazard ratio = 0.47; 95% confidence interval = 0.29–0.78; P < 0.001). Subgroup analyses revealed similar findings in the patients with single oligometastases (hazard ratio = 0.48; 95% confidence interval = 0.28–0.82; P = 0.007); a significant benefit was observed for grade 3, and a trend was observed for grade 2.
Local ablative treatment seemed to improve the overall survival of the patients who presented with oligometastatic sarcomas, including soft tissue and bone sarcomas. The survival benefit remained after repeated local treatments for several oligometastatic events. Surgery yielded the most relevant results, but alternative approaches (i.e. radiofrequency ablation and radiotherapy) seemed to be promising. The relevance of these results is strengthened by our analysis, which avoided biases by restricting the population to patients with oligometastatic disease and used propensity scores.
No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Although the prevalence of esophageal cancer increases in elderly patients, its clinical history and outcome after treatment remain poorly described.
Methods: Between January 2001 and December 2011, 58 patients (pts) older than 75 years received 3D-conformal radiotherapy (mean dose 51 Gy) in two French cancer centers. 47/58 (82%) patients received concomitant chemotherapy (with CDDP and/or FU regimens) and 8 patients underwent surgery after primary radiochemotherapy (RCT).
Results: Median age was 77.9 years and the performance status (PS) was 0 or 1 in 89%. Tumors were mainly adenocarcinoma of lower esophagus or gastroesophageal junction (n = 51, 89%), T3T4 (n = 54, 95%), and N1 (n = 44, 77%). The mean follow-up was 21.9 months. In the overall population, the median progression-free survival was 9.6 months and median overall survival (OS) was 14.5 months. Using univariate analysis, OS was significantly associated with age (p = 0.048), PS (p < 0.001), and surgery (p = 0.035). 35 (60.3%) and 18 patients (31%) experienced grade 1–2 or 3–4 toxicity, respectively (CTCAE v4.0).
Conclusion: Radiochemotherapy in elderly patients is a feasible treatment and its outcome is close to younger patient’s outcome published in the literature. Surgical resection, after comprehensive geriatric assessment, should be recommended as the standard treatment for adenocarcinoma of lower esophagus or gastroesophageal junction in elderly patients with good PS and low co-morbidity profile, as it is in younger patients.
No preview · Article · May 2014 · Frontiers in Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Synovial sarcoma (SVS) of the thyroid gland is exceedingly rare. We report the case of a 55-year-old man with a rapidly growing 7-cm neck mass. Because of suspicion of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, a total thyroidectomy was planned, without preoperative cytology. During surgery, the tumor ruptured, leading to fragmented and incomplete resection. The morphological and immunohistochemical aspects suggested thyroid SVS, which was confirmed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (SYT gene rearrangement). The patient experienced immediate local relapse in close contact with large vessels and the thyroid cartilage and was referred to our institution. Doxorubicin-ifosfamide chemotherapy led to a minor response that authorized secondary conservative surgery. Because of microscopically incomplete resection, adjuvant radiotherapy was chosen and is ongoing 10 months after initial surgery. The prognosis of thyroid SVS is associated with a high risk for local and metastatic relapses. Pretreatment diagnosis is fundamental and may benefit from molecular analysis. Margin-free monobloc surgical excision is the best chance for cure, but adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy deserve to be discussed.
Preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Case Reports in Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: Optimal therapy for patients with unresectable locally advanced extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ULAC) remains controversial. We analysed the role of radiotherapy in the management of such tumors.
We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients treated in our institution with conformal-3D external-beam-radiotherapy (EBRT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy.
Thirty patients were included: 24 with a primary tumor (group1) and 6 with a local relapse (group2). Toxicity was low. Among 25 patients assessable for EBRT response, we observed 9 complete responses, 4 partial responses, 10 stabilisations, and 2 progressions. The median follow-up was 12 months. Twenty out of 30 patients (66%) experienced a relapse, which was metastatic in 75% of cases in the whole series, 87% in group1, 60% in group2 (p = 0.25). Twenty-eight patients (93%) died of relapse or disease complications. Median overall survivals in the whole group and in group1 or 2 were respectively 12, 11 and 21 months (p = 0.11). The 1-year and 3-year progression-free survivals were respectively 38% and 16% in the whole series; 31% and 11% in group1, 67% and 33% in group2 (p = 0.35).
EBRT seems efficient to treat ULAC, with acceptable toxicity. For primary disease, the high rate of metastatic relapse suggests to limit EBRT to non-progressive patients after induction chemotherapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
To assess retrospectively the clinical outcome in anal cancer patients, with lymph node involvement, treated with split-course radiation therapy and receiving a boost through external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or brachytherapy (BCT).
Methods and materials:
From 2000 to 2005, among 229 patients with invasive nonmetastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma, a selected group of 99 patients, with lymph node involvement, was studied. Tumor staging reported was T1 in 4 patients, T2 in 16 patients, T3 in 49 patients, T4 in 16 patients, and T unknown in 14 patients and as N1 in 67 patients and N2/N3 in 32 patients. Patients underwent a first course of EBRT (mean dose, 45.1 Gy) followed by a boost (mean dose, 18 Gy) using EBRT (50 patients) or BCT (49 patients). All characteristics of patients and tumors were well balanced between the BCT and EBRT groups. Prognostic factors of cumulative rate of local recurrence (CRLR), cumulative rate of distant (including nodal) recurrence (CRDR), colostomy-free survival (CFS) rate, and overall survival (OS) rate were analyzed for the overall population and according to the nodal status classification.
The median follow-up was 71.5 months. The 5-year CRLR, CRDR, CFS rate, and OS rate were 21%, 19%, 63%, and 74.4%, respectively. In the overall population, the type of node involvement (N1 vs N2/N3) was the unique independent prognostic factor for CRLR. In N1 patients, by use of multivariate analysis, BCT boost was the unique prognostic factor for CRLR (4% for BCT vs 31% for EBRT; hazard ratio, 0.08; P=.042). No studied factors were significantly associated with CRDR, CFS, and OS. No difference with regard to boost technique and any other factor studied was observed in N2/N3 patients for any kind of recurrence.
In anal cancer, even in the case of initial perirectal node invasion, BCT boost is superior to EBRT boost for CRLR, without an influence on OS, suggesting that N1 status should not be a contraindication to use of a BCT boost technique, as well as emphasizing the important of investigating the benefit of BCT boost in prospective randomized trials.
No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics