Stephanie M Cologna

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Роквилл, Maryland, United States

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Publications (11)35.06 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protein quantification, identification and abundance determination are important aspects of proteome characterization and are crucial in understanding biological mechanisms and human diseases. Different strategies are available to quantify proteins using mass spectrometric detection, and most are performed at the peptide level and include both targeted and un-targeted methodologies. Discovery-based or un-targeted approaches oftentimes use covalent tagging strategies (i.e., iTRAQ®, TMTTM) where reporter ion signals collected in the tandem MS experiment are used for quantification. Herein we investigate the behavior of the iTRAQ 8-plex chemistry using MALDI-TOF/TOF instrumentation. The experimental design and data analysis approach described is simple and straightforward, which allows researchers to optimize data collection and proper analysis within a laboratory. iTRAQ reporter ion signals were normalized within each spectrum to remove peptide biases. An advantage of this approach is that missing reporter ion values can be accepted for purposes of protein identification and quantification with the need for ANOVA analysis. We investigate the distribution of reporter ion peak areas in an equimolar system and a mock biological system and provide recommendations for establishing fold-change cutoff values at the peptide level for iTRAQ datasets. These data provide a unique dataset available to the community for informatics training and analysis.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Proteome Research

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1) is an autosomal recessive lipid storage disorder in which a pathological cascade, including neuroinflammation occurs. While data demonstrating neuroinflammation is prevalent in mouse models, data from NPC1 patients is lacking. The current study focuses on identifying potential markers of neuroinflammation in NPC1 from both the Npc1 mouse model and NPC1 patients. We identified in the mouse model significant changes in expression of genes associated with inflammation and compared these results to the pattern of expression in human cortex and cerebellar tissue. From gene expression array analysis, complement 3 (C3) was increased in mouse and human post-mortem NPC1 brain tissues. We also characterized protein levels of inflammatory markers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from NPC1 patients and controls. We found increased levels of interleukin 3, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 5, interleukin 16 and chemokine ligand 3 (CCL3), and decreased levels of interleukin 4, 10, 13 and 12p40 in CSF from NPC1 patients. CSF markers were evaluated with respect to phenotypic severity. Miglustat treatment in NPC1 patients slightly decreased IL-3, IL-10 and IL-13 CSF levels; however, further studies are needed to establish a strong effect of miglustat on inflammation markers. The identification of inflammatory markers with altered levels in the cerebrospinal fluid of NPC1 patients may provide a means to follow secondary events in NPC1 disease during therapeutic trials.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
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    ABSTRACT: Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1) is a fatal, neurodegenerative disorder for which there is no definitive therapy. In NPC1, a pathological cascade including neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis likely contribute to the clinical phenotype. While the genetic cause of NPC1 is known, we sought to gain a further understanding into the pathophysiology by identifying differentially expressed proteins in Npc1 mutant mouse cerebella. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, 77 differentially expressed proteins were identified in Npc1 mutant mice cerebella compared to controls. These include proteins involved in glucose metabolism, detoxification/oxidative stress and Alzheimer disease-related proteins. Furthermore, members of the fatty acid binding protein family, including FABP3, FABP5 and FABP7, were found to have altered expression in the Npc1 mutant cerebellum relative to control. Translating our findings from the murine model to patients, we confirm altered expression of glutathione s-transferase α, superoxide dismutase, and FABP3 in cerebrospinal fluid of NPC1 patients relative to pediatric controls. A subset of NPC1 patients on miglustat, a glycosphingolipid synthesis inhibitor, showed significantly decreased levels of FABP3 compared to patients not on miglustat therapy. This study provides an initial report of dysregulated proteins in NPC1 which will assist with further investigation of NPC1 pathology and facilitate implementation of therapeutic trials.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: The use of histidine as a protein digestion buffer followed by isoelectric trapping separations using "membrane separated wells for isoelectric focusing and trapping" (MSWIFT) and mass spectrometry (MS) analysis is described. Tryptic digestion of bovine serum albumin (BSA) performed in histidine buffered solutions yields similar amino acid sequence coverage values to those obtained using ammonium bicarbonate buffer. Time course studies suggest that histidine buffers provide faster migration of peptides from the loading compartment compared to digestions prepared in ammonium bicarbonate due to differences in conductivities of the two buffers. In addition, this sample preparation method and MSWIFT separations have been coupled with capillary electrophoresis (CE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) as an alternative separation approach for proteomic studies. Tryptic peptides of ribosomal proteins in histidine are fractionated using MSWIFT followed by CE-MALDI-MS, which further illustrates the ability to couple fractions from a pI based separation device to CE-MS. Specifically, two-dimensional CE-MS plots provide a direct correlation between the numbers of basic residues within the peptide sequence displayed in charge-state trend lines. Combining MSWIFT and CE-MS provides added information regarding peptide sequence, specifically pI and in-solution charge state. Post-translational modifications can also be identified using this method.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Analytical Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The increase in adipose tissue mass arises in part from progressive lipid loading and triglyceride accumulation in adipocytes. Enlarged adipocytes produce the highest levels of pro-inflammatory molecules and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Since mitochondria are the site for major metabolic processes (e.g., TCA cycle) that govern the extent of triglyceride accumulation as well as the primary site of ROS generation, we quantitatively investigated changes in the adipocyte mitochondrial proteome during different stages of differentiation and enlargement. Mitochondrial proteins from 3T3-L1 adipocytes at different stages of lipid accumulation (days 0-18) were digested and labeled using the iTRAQ 8-plex kit. The labeled peptides were fractionated using a liquid phase isoelectric fractionation system (MSWIFT) to increase the depth of proteome coverage and analyzed using LC-MS/MS. A total of 631 proteins in the mitochondrial fraction, including endoplasmic reticulum-associated and golgi-related mitochondrial proteins, were identified and classified into 12 functional categories. A total of 123 proteins demonstrated a statistically significant change in expression in at least one of the time points over the course of the experiment. The identified proteins included enzymes and transporters involved in the TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, and ATP synthesis. Our results indicate that cultured adipocytes enter a state of metabolic-overdrive where increased flux through the TCA cycle and increased fatty acid oxidation occur simultaneously. The proteomic data also suggest that accumulation of reduced electron carriers and the resultant oxidative stress may be attractive targets for modulating adipocyte function in metabolic disorders.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Proteome Research
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    ABSTRACT: Within the Burkholderia cepacia complex, B. cenocepacia is the most common species associated with aggressive infections in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients, causing disease that is often refractive to treatment by antibiotics. Phage therapy may be a potential alternative form of treatment for these infections. Here we describe the genome of the previously described therapeutic B. cenocepacia podophage BcepIL02 and its close relative, Bcep22. Phage Bcep22 was found to contain a circularly permuted genome of 63,882 bp containing 77 genes; BcepIL02 was found to be 62,714 bp and contains 76 predicted genes. Major virion-associated proteins were identified by proteomic analysis. We propose that these phages comprise the founding members of a novel podophage lineage, the Bcep22-like phages. Among the interesting features of these phages are a series of tandemly repeated putative tail fiber genes that are similar to each other and also to one or more such genes in the other phages. Both phages also contain an extremely large (ca. 4,600-amino-acid), virion-associated, multidomain protein that accounts for over 20% of the phages' coding capacity, is widely distributed among other bacterial and phage genomes, and may be involved in facilitating DNA entry in both phage and other mobile DNA elements. The phages, which were previously presumed to be virulent, show evidence of a temperate lifestyle but are apparently unable to form stable lysogens in their hosts. This ambiguity complicates determination of a phage lifestyle, a key consideration in the selection of therapeutic phages.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Journal of bacteriology
  • Pei-Jing Pai · Stephanie M Cologna · William K Russell · Gyula Vigh · David H Russell
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    ABSTRACT: A mass spectrometry (MS)-compatible, isoelectric point-based separation method for removal of neutral additives from protein solutions is described. The separation is performed by electrophoretic migration and trapping using a device referred to as membrane separated wells for isoelectric focusing and trapping (MSWIFT). Electrophoretic separation in the MSWIFT device is fast; the entire process can be carried out in a matter of minutes, and it does not require further sample cleanup prior to MS analysis. Proof-of-concept experiments in which neutral additives (e.g., Triton X-100, Tween 20, poly(ethylene glycol)) are removed from protein solutions using the MSWIFT device followed by MS analysis are described. Coupling the MSWIFT separation with ion mobility MS provides additional separation via the gas phase and assists in achieving higher quality ESI mass spectra when small amounts of additives remain in solution.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Analytical Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The increase in adipose tissue mass arises through either an increase in cell number or an increase in the size of individual adipocytes. The latter, termed hypertrophy, occurs in part due to progressive lipid loading and triglyceride accumulation in adipocytes. Hypertrophic adipocytes produce the highest levels of pro-inflammatory molecules and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and not surprisingly, hypertrophy plays an important role in obesity and associated metabolic disorders. Since mitochondria is the site for major metabolic processes such as the TCA cycle and fatty acid oxidation that govern the extent of triglyceride accumulation, and the primary site of ROS generation, we first quantitatively investigated changes in the adipocyte mitochondrial proteome during different stages of differentiation and lipid loading-driven enlargement. Mitochondrial proteins from undifferentiated 3T3-l1 preadipocytes and adipocytes at different stages of lipid accumulation (days 4 through 18) were isolated, digested, and labeled using the iTRAQ 8-plex kit. The labeled peptides were fractionated using an in-house developed liquid phase isoelectric fractionation system (MSWIFT) to increase the depth of proteome coverage, and analyzed using LC-MS/MS. Our data show that the majority of enzymes and transporters involved in the TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, and ATP synthesis were up-regulated upon differentiation, and maintain or increase these levels during hypertrophy. Our results also suggest that cultured adipocytes enter a state of metabolic-overdrive where increased flux through the TCA cycle and increased fatty acid oxidation occur simultaneously. The observed increase in ROS was likely compensated by a concurrent increase in anti-oxidant and detoxification enzymes. Since the effects of mitochondrial oxidative stress also impact the cellular enzymatic machinery in the cytosol, we also profiled changes in the cytosolic proteome. A targeted proteomic approach was used wherein enzymes involved in pathways identified as being important using a metabolic flux model (e.g., glycolysis, palmitate biosynthesis) were quantitatively profiled using mass spectrometry. The combination of mitochondrial and cytosolic protemic profiling with metabolic flux models provides a systems-level understanding of processes during hypertrophic enlargement and lipid-loading in adipocytes.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Nov 2010
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    Stephanie M Cologna · William K Russell · Peniel J Lim · Gyula Vigh · David H Russell
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    ABSTRACT: The off-line coupling of an isoelectric trapping device termed membrane separated wells for isoelectric focusing and trapping (MSWIFT) to mass spectrometry-based proteomic studies is described. The MSWIFT is a high capacity, high-throughput, mass spectrometry-compatible isoelectric trapping device that provides isoelectric point (pI)-based separations of complex mixtures of peptides. In MSWIFT, separation and analyte trapping are achieved by migrating the peptide ions through membranes having fixed pH values until the peptide pI is bracketed by the pH values of adjacent membranes. The pH values of the membranes can be tuned, thus affording a high degree of experimental flexibility. Specific advantages of using MSWIFT for sample prefractionation include: (1) small sample volumes (approximately 200 microL), (2) customized membranes over a large pH range, (3) flexibility in the number of desired fractions, (4) membrane compatibility with a variety of solvents systems, and (5) resulting fractions do not require sample cleanup before MS analysis. Here, we demonstrate the utility of MSWIFT for mass spectrometry-based detection of peptides in improving dynamic range and the reduction of ion suppression effects for high-throughput separations of tryptic peptides.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
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    ABSTRACT: Collision induced dissociation (CID) combined with matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-ion mobility-mass spectrometry (MALDI-IM-MS) is described. In this approach, peptide ions are separated on the basis of mobility in a 15 cm drift cell. Following mobility separation, the ions exit the drift cell and enter a 5 cm vacuum interface with a high field region (up to 1000 V/cm) to undergo collisional activation. Ion transmission and ion kinetic energies in the interface are theoretically evaluated accounting for the pressure gradient, interface dimensions, and electric fields. Using this CID technique, we have successfully fragmented and sequenced a number of model peptide ions as well as peptide ions obtained by a tryptic digest. This instrument configuration allows for the simultaneous determination of peptide mass, peptide-ion sequence, and collision-cross section of MALDI-generated ions, providing information critical to the identification of unknown components in complex proteomic samples.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry

Publication Stats

91 Citations
35.06 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013-2015
    • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
      • Program in Developmental Endocrinology and Genetics (PDEGEN)
      Роквилл, Maryland, United States
  • 2012
    • National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
      Maryland, United States
  • 2009-2011
    • Texas A&M University
      • Department of Chemistry
      College Station, Texas, United States