[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: We previously reported on a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that targeted amyloid beta (Aß) protein. Repeated injection of that mAb reduced the accumulation of Aß protein in the brain of human Aß transgenic mice (Tg2576). In the present study, cDNA encoding the heavy and light chains of this mAb were subcloned into an adeno-associated virus type 1 (AAV) vector with a 2A/furin adapter. A single intramuscular injection of 3.0×10(10) viral genome of these AAV vectors into C57BL/6 mice generated serum anti-Aß Ab levels up to 0.3 mg/ml. Anti-Aß Ab levels in excess of 0.1 mg/ml were maintained for up to 64 weeks. The effect of AAV administration on Aß levels in vivo was examined. A significant decrease in Aß levels in the brain of Tg2576 mice treated at 5 months (prophylactic) or 10 months (therapeutic) of age was observed. These results support the use of AAV vector encoding anti-Aß Ab for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) is widely used as a vehicle for vaccine delivery in the treatment of infectious disease and cancer. However, the efficacy of Ad5 vectors has been limited in humans because exposure to Ad5 infections results in most adults having neutralizing antibodies against Ad5. To overcome this limitation, the hexon epitope present in the fifth hypervariable region of Ad5 was modified.
To evaluate the ability of Ad5 vectors encoding the HIV env protein to induce Ag-specific immune responses in the face of pre-existing anti-Ad5 immunity, mice were administrated intramuscularly with the Ad-Luc vector, and then vaccinated with parental or hexon-modified Ad5 vectors (Ad-HisHIV, Ad-END/AAAHIV or Ad-HIV) at week 8. HIV-specific cell-mediated immune responses were detected through a combination of tetramer assays and intracellular cytokine staining from weeks 8-23.
The hexon-modified Ad vector was able to escape from anti-Ad5 neutralizing antibody, and mice with the modified vector generated significantly lower individual neutralizing antibody than those immunized with the parental vector. Furthermore, mice with pre-existing anti-Ad immunity immunized with the modified vector generated significantly stronger cell-mediated anti-env responses than those immunized with the parental vector.
These data demonstrate that Ad5 vector with hexon modification reduce their sensitivity to pre-existing anti-Ad immunity and improve their clinical utility.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: A monoclonal antibody (mAb) 2F5 binds to the membrane-proximal external region (MPER) of the transmembrane subunit gp41 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is known to broadly neutralize HIV-1 strains. The Adenovirus type 5 vector (Ad5) has been widely applied for HIV-1 vaccine, and hexon hypervariable region 5 (HVR5) is exposed on viral surface and easily target host immune responses against Ad5.
We constructed a recombinant adenovirus type 5 vector (rAd5) with a 2F5-binding epitope (ELDKWA) of MPER on Ad5-HVR5. In addition, we developed rAd5 encoding the HIV-1(IIIB) envelope (Env) gene for the induction of Env-specific cellular immunity.
The virus titers of the constructed rAd5 were similar to that of the parental Ad5 vector. Furthermore, high-dose immunization of rAd5 induced Env-specific CD8(+) cells and high levels of anti-ELDKWA antibodies. Moreover, an in vitro HIV-1 neutralization assay indicated that ELDKWA-specific mAbs derived from rAd5-immunized mice neutralized a wide range of HIV-1 strains.
The present study outlines the development of an Ad5-based HIV-1 vaccine targeting the hypervariable regions of Ad5. The constructed rAd5 induced an HIV-1-specific cellular immune response and neutralizing antibodies against various strains of HIV-1 simultaneously.