Jennifer Li

Multiple Myeloma - Institute for Myeloma & Bone Cancer Research, California City, California, United States

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Publications (5)29.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Preclinical and clinical studies have shown that proteasome inhibitors (PIs) have anti-MM activity in combination with dexamethasone or lenalidomide. However, no data exists on the anti-MM effects of combinations involving the PI delanzomib with dexamethasone and/or lenalidomide. Herein, we show that delanzomib in combination with dexamethasone and/or lenalidomide results in superior tumor reduction and extended tumor growth delays when compared to vehicle alone, these drugs alone, or the doublet of dexamethasone and lenalidomide. The favorable results obtained from the three xenograft studies suggest that delanzomib in combination with dexamethasone and lenalidomide should be explored for the treatment of MM.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Leukemia research
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    ABSTRACT: Although TNFRSF17 (also designated as B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)) is expressed on tumour cells in B-cell malignancies, it has not been found in serum. The present study found that BCMA concentrations were higher in the supernatants of cultured bone marrow mononuclear cells from multiple myeloma (MM) patients than in healthy subjects. Serum BCMA levels were measured in samples from MM patients (n = 209), monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) individuals (n = 23) and age-matched controls (n = 40). BCMA was detected in the serum of untreated MM patients (n = 50) and levels were higher than in MGUS patients (P = 0·0157) and healthy subjects (P < 0·0001). Serum BCMA levels were higher among patients with progressive disease (n = 80) compared to those with responsive disease (n = 79; P = 0·0038). Among all MM patients, overall survival was shorter among patients whose serum BCMA levels were above the median (P = 0·001). We also demonstrated that sera from mice with human MM xenografts contained human BCMA, and levels correlated with the change in tumour volume in response to melphalan or cyclophosphamide with bortezomib. These results suggest that serum BCMA levels may be a new biomarker for monitoring disease status and overall survival of MM patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · British Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: Doxorubicin has shown efficacy especially in combination treatment for the treatment of multiple myeloma; however, its side effects limit its use. INNO-206 is an albumin-binding prodrug of doxorubicin, which is released from albumin under acidic conditions. Because INNO-206 has not been previously evaluated in any hematologic malignancy, we determined its anti-multiple myeloma effects. The anti-multiple myeloma effect of INNO-206 at different pH levels on multiple myeloma cell proliferation using multiple myeloma cell lines with the MTS assay and antiangiogenic activity using the chorioallantoic membrane/feather bud assay were determined. The anti-multiple myeloma effects and toxicity of INNO-206 were also compared with conventional doxorubicin and PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) alone, and in combination with bortezomib, using our multiple myeloma xenograft models. INNO-206 inhibited blood vessel formation and reduced multiple myeloma cell growth in a pH-dependent fashion. INNO-206 alone produced marked anti-multiple myeloma effects in vivo at doses that doxorubicin was toxic, and the combination of INNO-206 plus bortezomib produced increased anti-multiple myeloma effects compared with either agent alone. In contrast, all mice receiving bortezomib with doxorubicin or PLD died. These findings show that INNO-206 produces anti-multiple myeloma effects in vitro and in vivo. It also enhances the antitumor effects of bortezomib. These results suggest that INNO-206 may provide patients with multiple myeloma with an anthracycline that may be administered safely at higher doses compared with free doxorubicin, resulting in superior efficacy compared with the currently available anthracyclines to treat this B-cell malignancy.
    Preview · Article · May 2012 · Clinical Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Enhanced angiogenesis is a hallmark of solid tumors and hematological malignancies. Anti-angiogenic therapeutic approaches have recently been shown to be effective for the treatment of certain cancers. Endothelial cells migrating to tumors provide them with new blood vessels that are critical for their growth and survival. We have developed a novel and rapid method to evaluate the anti-angiogenic activity of new agents consisting of a combined chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and feather bud (FB) assay. Unlike previous assays, this new assay assesses the effects of drugs on the ability of tissues to attract and develop their own blood supply. The CAM already has a well-developed vascular network that is capable of providing blood vessels to the non-vascularized FB, allowing for this tissue to develop feathers. As a result, the exposure of the FB to drugs for 2 days followed by attachment to the CAM for 4 days allows evaluation of the compound's ability to impact blood vessel and feather formation within the CAM-attached FB tissue. Feather formation is determined as well as expression of endothelial cell genes and proteins analyzed. Using agents with known anti-angiogenic activity including fumagillin, minocycline, zoledronic acid, doxorubicin and agents lacking anti-angiogenic activity such as melphalan, we have shown that the CAM/FB assay can accurately and rapidly assess the ability of agents to prevent blood vessel and feather development within non-vascularized tissues.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · International Journal of Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Enhanced angiogenesis is a hallmark of cancer. Pleiotrophin (PTN) is an angiogenic factor that is produced by many different human cancers and stimulates tumor blood vessel formation when it is expressed in malignant cancer cells. Recent studies show that monocytes may give rise to vascular endothelium. In these studies, we show that PTN combined with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) induces expression of vascular endothelial cell (VEC) genes and proteins in human monocyte cell lines and monocytes from human peripheral blood (PB). Monocytes induce VEC gene expression and develop tube-like structures when they are exposed to serum or cultured with bone marrow (BM) from patients with multiple myeloma (MM) that express PTN, effects specifically blocked with antiPTN antibodies. When coinjected with human MM cells into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice, green fluorescent protein (GFP)-marked human monocytes were found incorporated into tumor blood vessels and expressed human VEC protein markers and genes that were blocked by anti-PTN antibody. Our results suggest that vasculogenesis in human MM may develop from tumoral production of PTN, which orchestrates the transdifferentiation of monocytes into VECs.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Blood

Publication Stats

81 Citations
29.26 Total Impact Points


  • 2009-2012
    • Multiple Myeloma - Institute for Myeloma & Bone Cancer Research
      California City, California, United States