Gregor Freude

Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Ulm, Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (4)10.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background and Study Objectives Children are commonly found among the injured in war settings. Prognosis often depends on the presence of brain injury. Not all neurosurgery departments of German Armed Forces hospitals, however, have experience in the care of children with neurosurgical conditions. Against this background, we assessed the group of pediatric neurosurgical patients in a German (Role 3) field hospital in Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan. Patients/Materials and Methods We analyzed the operative logbooks from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2013, to assess the number of neurosurgical procedures that were performed on children (< 18 years of age) at the field hospital of Mazar-e-Sharif. Results During the study period, 327 neurosurgical procedures were performed at the German field hospital. Of these, 29 (9%) were performed on children. The mean age of the pediatric patients (7 girls and 22 boys) was 11.7 years (median age: 12 years; range: 5-17 years). Only three procedures were performed for conditions other than trauma. Pediatric patients accounted for almost 10% of all patients who underwent neurosurgery during a recent military deployment in Mazar-e-Sharif. This percentage is similar to those reported by other nations. These findings show that a considerable number of children underwent neurosurgical treatment. Conclusions Military planners should be aware that Role 3 medical treatment facilities must provide care for pediatric emergencies and must therefore be staffed and equipped accordingly. For military hospitals at home, this means that the management of pediatric patients is an opportunity for medical personnel to receive important pediatric training that enables them to provide care to children in deployed medical facilities.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A: Central European Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: Locally applied hemostatic agents, mostly consisting of gelatinous granules with admixed human or bovine thrombin, are used in various surgical procedures. In our case, a 78-year-old woman underwent neurosurgical removal of an extraforaminal schwannoma of the L5 dorsal root ganglion. During the procedure, the hemostatic matrix consisting of a meshwork of bovine gelatinous granules admixed with human thrombin was locally applied to control diffuse paravertebral bleeding. Eight hours after surgery, the patient developed dyspnea with right heart failure and finally died. At autopsy, we found complete occlusion of the left pulmonary artery with a large thromboembolus. Histologically, that thromboembolus consisted of gelatinous granules with only a thin rim of surrounding, classic parietal thrombus. To our knowledge, this is the first description of fatal pulmonary embolization of a major lung artery with this material. The report depicts a possible life-threatening complication associated with the local application of hemostatic agents.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Human pathology
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    ABSTRACT: There is an ongoing debate whether oximes can effectively counteract the effects of organophosphorus compounds (OP) on brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and whether there are differences in the kinetic properties of brain and erythrocyte AChE. In order to investigate the kinetics of AChE from different tissues and species the well established dynamically working in vitro model with real-time determination of membrane-bound AChE activity was adapted for use with brain AChE. The enzyme reactor, that was loaded with brain, erythrocyte or muscle AChE, was continuously perfused with substrate and chromogen while AChE activity was on-line analyzed in a flow-through detector. It was possible to determine the Michaelis-Menten constants of human erythrocyte, muscle and brain AChE which were almost identical. In addition, the inhibition kinetics of sarin and paraoxon as well as the reactivation kinetics of obidoxime and HI 6 were determined with human, swine and guinea pig brain and erythrocyte AChE. It was found that the inhibition and reactivation kinetics of brain and erythrocyte AChE were highly comparable in all tested species. These data support the view that AChE from different tissue has similar kinetic properties and that brain AChE is comparably susceptible toward reactivation by oximes.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Toxicology Letters
  • Uwe Max Mauer · Gregor Freude · Burkhardt Danz · Ulrich Kunz
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    ABSTRACT: Syringomyelia without an obvious cause, such as a Chiari malformation, a tumor, or a spinal injury, is rare and may be associated with an arachnoid web or cyst. In the literature, conventional myelography is the diagnostic method of choice. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow studies as compared with conventional myelography in patients with syringomyelia. From early 2003 to late 2006, 320 patients with syringomyelia underwent cardiac-gated phase-contrast MRI of CSF flow in the brain and spine. We assessed the presence of CSF flow blockage as well as syrinx site, shape, and size. Additional myelography was performed in 8 patients. CSF flow blockage and progressive neurological symptoms or progression of syringomyelia were indications for surgery. Syringomyelia without an obvious cause was found in 125 patients. CSF flow blockage was detected in 33 patients. Seven of these patients underwent cyst wall resection and decompression of the subarachnoid space via a unilateral approach without laminectomy. Myelography revealed CSF flow blockage in only 2 of 8 cases. In the other 6 patients, MRI detected a blockage and surgery revealed arachnoid cysts or webs. Postoperative CSF flow studies revealed free CSF flow in all 10 surgically treated patients. In 6 of these patients, syrinx size was reduced after surgery. Myelography should not be the method of choice for the diagnosis of idiopathic syringomyelia. MRI CSF flow studies were found to be more reliable.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Neurosurgery

Publication Stats

42 Citations
10.26 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Ulm
      Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2009
    • Bundeswehrzentralkrankenhaus Koblenz
      Coblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany