[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Traditionally, acute undisplaced or minimally-displaced scaphoid fractures are treated by casting in short- or long-arm casts. Although reports have shown that operative treatment is safe, effective and produces satisfactory results, outcomes from current studies comparing these two methods are questionable. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of operative versus non-operative treatment for acute undisplaced or minimally-displaced scaphoid fractures in adults.
Computerized searches were performed without language restrictions and all randomized controlled studies providing information on the effects of operative versus non-operative treatment on the outcomes of acute undisplaced or minimally-displaced scaphoid fractures were included. The weighted and standard mean difference (WMD and SMD) or the relative risk (RR) were calculated for continuous or dichotomous data respectively.
A total of six studies reported in seven publications were included, representing data on 340 fractures. Meta-analysis indicated that operative treatment resulted in significantly better functional outcomes in the short term when compared with non-operative treatment. Consistently, patients who accepted surgery had a more rapid return to work. Further, surgery was advantageous in preventing delayed union of the fractures, a finding supported by the results of analysis of the time to fracture union. A number-needed-to-treat analysis revealed that more than 20 patients would have to undergo operative treatment to prevent one delayed union.
Acute undisplaced or minimally-displaced scaphoid fractures demonstrate faster recovery with operative treatment; however, the current meta-analysis does not provide evidence supporting the routine use of operative treatment for all acute undisplaced or minimally-displaced scaphoid fractures.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Schatzker classification of tibial plateau fractures is widely accepted. Type IV fractures are medial tibial plateau fractures that are either split off as a wedge fragment or depressed and comminuted. Posterior articular surface depression in Schatzker type IV tibial plateau fractures can be seen as a unique variant that increases the difficulty of reduction of the articular surface. Its morphologic characteristics have not been fully studied, and the incidence is sometimes underestimated. The goal of this study was to evaluate the morphologic characteristics of posterior articular depression in Schatzker type IV fractures based on computed tomography measurements. From January 2009 to December 2011, the medical records, including digital radiologic data, of all patients treated for tibial plateau fracture at the authors' institution were retrospectively analyzed. Articular surface depression deeper than 5 mm was the criterion for study inclusion. The depression depth, precise location of the articular depression center, surface area percentage, and distance of the fracture gap to the depression center were calculated. One hundred fifteen cases of Schatzker type IV fracture were retrieved, and a total of 47.83% (55 of 115) cases had posterior articular surface depression. The average depth of the depressed articular surface was 12.41 mm, the surface area percentage was 20.15% of the entire tibial plateau, and the gap distance from the medial direction was 41.40 mm, 2.8 times longer than that from the posterior direction, which was 14.91 mm. Posterior articular surface depression occurs in nearly half of Schatzker type IV fractures, and the posterior approach provides more direct access to the depression than the medial approach. [Orthopedics. 2015; 38(2):e124-e128.].
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the posterior malleolus fragment (PMF) based on 3-D computed tomography scans, and evaluated the variability in different types of injuries (ankle fracture, spiral tibial shaft fracture and pilon fracture).
A retrospective analysis of 3-D computed tomography data of PMF from June 2011 to February 2012 was conducted in a level 1 trauma centre. The cross angle (α), fragment length ratio (FLR), fragment area ratio (FAR), sagittal angle (θ), and fragment height (FH) were measured as morphologic assessments in the Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS).
Based on the definition of the PMF, 144 cases were brought into this study. And the PMF was described with a mean α of 25.0°, a mean FAR of 17.66 %, a mean θ of 16.1° and a mean FH of 23.06 mm. Besides, this study showed a significant difference on FAR amongst the three injuries with the FAR was 30.31 % (P < 0.05) in pilon fracture group. Respectively, although the mean θ (16.1°) indicated a vertical fracture pattern, yet no significant difference was shown amongst the three groups.
Although the PMFs appear to be highly variable, most of the PMFs were located on the posterolateral of the distal tibia, and showed features with vertical nature. The information obtained from this study will be helpful for fracture models in a future biomechanical study and for determining appropriate surgical approaches.
No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was to evaluate clinical outcomes and complications following multi-plate reconstruction for treating severe bicondylar tibial plateau fractures of young adults.
Between September 2007 and February 2012, 26 patients with severe bicondylar tibial plateau fractures met inclusion criteria; they were treated using multi-plate technique through combined approaches. Patients received an average follow-up of 40.8 (range, 18-64) months, which included anteroposterior and lateral imaging, postoperative complications, range of motion and stability of the knee. The Rasmussen score was applied for functional and radiological evaluation.
Three to five plates were used for reconstruction. No intra-operative complications occurred. Postoperative complications included bulge of hardware in four patients and superficial dehiscence in three cases in the anterolateral incision of which one developed to deep infection. There was no neurovascular damage, and no implant breakage or loosening. Hardware was removed partly or totally in 16 cases. The average Rasmussen score at final follow-up was 27.2 (range, 21-30) points for functional evaluation and 16.4 (range, 14-18) for radiology.
Multi-plate reconstruction is a valid and safe method for treating severe bicondylar tibial plateau fractures of young adults.
No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · International Orthopaedics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Fractures of the tibial plateau are seen frequently in orthopedic trauma units and traditionally classified based on two-dimension plain radiographs with the Schatzker Classification system, the most popular. This system focuses on fractures involving the medial and lateral plateau but does not comment on fractures that involve the posterior aspect of the tibial plateau. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of posterior tibial plateau fracture and propose a new computed tomography (CT)-based three-column classification system to guide fracture treatment.
Between January 2008 and December 2009, 525 tibial plateau fractures admitted to a level 1 trauma center were retrospectively analyzed by four orthopedic trauma surgeons. Antero-posterior plain radiographs were used for Schatzker classification. CT imaging was used to further classify the fracture types with axial views dividing the plateau into three columns: a lateral, medial, and posterior. Posterior tibial plateau fracture (PTPF) was defined as a fracture with an independent fragment of the posterior column
PTPFs were found in 151 cases and had an incidence of 28.8 % in this studied population. Except for type III, PTPFs were observed in each type of the Schatzker classification system. The Schatzker type VI, V, and IV fractures had the three highest percentages of PTPFs, with 76.1, 51.2, and 22.4 %, respectively.
Fractures of the posterior tibial plateau are not uncommon, especially in high-energy trauma. CT imaging is required to appreciate these fracture patterns, and a three-column classification allows for a better understanding of the fracture morphology and the injury mechanism, which guides surgical management.
No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine the proliferation and differentiation behaviors of different compositions of strontium‑containing (from 0‑12 mol%) borate glasses with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The Cell Counting Kit‑8 (CCK‑8) assay revealed that after three days of culturing, the 6Sr group had the highest cell growth rate. Analysis of cell morphology revealed that cells proliferated well near the particles of the samples in all the groups on day 3. On day 7, cells in the 6Sr group demonstrated a higher proliferation rate than other 4 groups under the microscope. When performing the Live‑Dead staining experiment, the 6Sr group had the least number of dead cells. Total DNA qualification indicated that the 6Sr group had a statistically higher concentration compared with the remaining groups. It was found that on day 7, compared with the 0Sr group, the core binding factor α1 (Cbfa1) mRNA expression level was significantly higher in the 6Sr, 9Sr and 12Sr groups. On day 14, compared with the 0Sr group, the bone sialoprotein (BSP) mRNA level was significantly higher in the 6Sr group. Additionally, on day 21, the 6Sr and 9Sr groups demonstrated higher osteocalcin (OCN) mRNA expression levels compared with the 0Sr group. In the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity test, on day 21, the 6Sr group presented a higher activity than the 0Sr group. Further, the number of mineralized nodules per unit in MSCs was measured by Alizarin Red S staining. The results showed that the 6Sr and 9Sr groups had the greatest number of mineralized nodules. Therefore, it could be concluded that borate glasses containing strontium oxide of 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 mol% demonstrate a significant level of proliferation when interacting with MSCs. The borate glass containing 6 mol% strontium oxide had the greatest level of proliferation when cultured with MSCs. The borate glass containing 6 and 9 mol% strontium oxide facilitated an improved bone formation ability compared with the remaining two compositions.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Molecular Medicine Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphological characteristics of lateral tibial plateau split-depression fractures (Schatzker type II).
A retrospective analysis of radiographic and computed tomographic (CT) data of lateral tibial plateau split-depression fractures from January 2009 to December 2010 was conducted in a level 1 trauma centre. The discontinuity arc, angle of depression centre (ADC), anterior-posterior position of articular depression centre (APDC), surface area percentage (SAP), sagittal angulation and depression depth were measured on CT images using the Picture Archiving and Communication System.
Based on the integrity of posterolateral wall and discontinuity arc, 140 cases of Schatzker type II fracture were divided into two subtypes: intact group (69 cases) and broken group (71 cases). The fracture of the intact group was located in the anterior part of the lateral plateau, the average ADC was 72.13°, APDC was 43.25 % of sagittal diameter, SAP was 22.16 % of total plateau, sagittal angulation was 6.59°and depression depth was 10.80 mm. Of the broken group, the average ADC, APDC, SAP, sagittal angulation and depression depth was 92.45°, 61.84 %, 22.63 %, 9.00° and 10.78 mm, respectively. Forty-seven cases in the broken group had a posterolateral fragment and 15 cases among them had articular depression centered in the posterolateral region. The difference in ADC, APDC and sagittal angulation between the two groups was statistically significant (p < 0.05), while no significant difference was observed for SAP and depression depth.
Of all the 140 cases in this study, 10.7 % are located in the posterolateral region. An appropriate operative approach and fixation method should be selected based on the individual morphological characteristics of lateral plateau fractures.
No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · International Orthopaedics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present research is to observe the effect of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) on neovascularisation and expression of Ang-l, Ang-2 and VEGF in promoting excisional wound healing in diabetic rat model. Excisional wounds were made in STZ-induced diabetic rats and randomly divided into treatment, diabetic control and normal control groups. Wound in treatment group was treated by ESWT with 0.11 ml/mm'', 1.5 Hz and 500 pulses 1 day post-wounding. In diabetic and normal control groups, wound received no ESWT. Wound closing rate and healing time were calculated. Granulation tissue, neovascularization and expression of Ang-l, Ang-2 and VEGF in wound tissue from different groups were compared. The results showed that healing of diabetic wound was poor and expressions of angiopoietin-l, angiopoietin-2 and VEGF were altered as compared with normal wound. After ESWT however, microvessels and granulation tissue were increased and the expressions of VEGF and Ang-l were increased while Ang-2 expression was decreased, respectively. In conclusion, abnormal expression of Ang-l, Ang-2 and VEGF may contribute to poor neovascularization and impaired healing in the diabetic wound and topical ESWT application can improve diabetic wound healing by enhancing neovascularisation and altering the expression of Ang-l, Ang-2 and VEGF. ESWT may represent a feasible method for improving the impaired healing of diabetic wound.
Preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Object
To compare the Sliding with Non-sliding lag screw of a gamma nail in the treatment of A1 and A2 AO-OTA intertrochanteric fractures.
Materials and methods
80 patients were prospectively collected. In each group, AO/OTA 31-A were classified into group A. AO/OTA 31-A2.1 was classified as group B. We classified the A2.2 and A2.3 as group C. According to the set-screw locking formation of Gamma-III, the cases were randomly allocated to Sliding subgroup and Non-sliding subgroup in A, B and C groups. Follow-ups were performed 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively.
In the Sliding group, the bone healing rate 3, 6, 12 months postoperatively reached 85.00%, 97.50%, 100% in group A, B and C. Meanwhile, in Non-sliding group, postoperatively, bone healing rate were 90.00%, 95.00% and 97.50% in group A, B and C, respectively. Both differences were not significant. Lower limb discrepancy between Sliding and Non-sliding pattern was significantly different in group C which represent fracture types of AO/OTA 31-A2.2 and A2.3 (0.573 ± 0.019 mm in Non-sliding group, 0.955 mm ± 0.024 mm in Sliding group, P < 0.001 ). Difference of sliding distance among the three groups was significant among group A, B and C: 0.48 mm ± 0.04 mm, 0.62 mm ± 0.07 mm and 0.92 mm ± 0.04 mm (P < 0.001). Differences in average healing time and Harris scores also presented no significance in the three groups.
As a result, we can conclude that the sliding distance is minimal in Gamma nails and it is related to the comminuted extent of the intertrochanteric area in A1 and A2 AO-OTA intertrochanteric fractures. For treating these kinds of fractures, the sliding of the lag screw of an Gamma nail does not improve any clinical results and in certain cases, such as highly comminuted A1 and A2 fractures, can therefore even benefit from a locked lag screw by tightening the set-screw.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphological characteristics of Schatzker type IV tibial plateau fractures.
A retrospective analysis of radiographic and computed tomographic data of tibial plateau Schatzker type IV fractures from January 2010 to December 2011 was conducted in a level 1 trauma centre. The medial fracture angle (MFA), surface area percentage (SAP), and medial fracture height (MFH) were measured on CT images using the Picture Archiving and Communication System.
Based on the location of fracture and the MFA, 75 cases of Schatzker type IV fracture were divided into three subtypes: anteromedial fracture (seven cases, 9.3 %), total medial plateau fracture (36 cases, 48 %), and posteromedial fracture (32 cases, 42.7 %). The anteromedial fracture was located on the anterior part of the medial plateau, the average MFA was positive 47.5°, the SAP was 38.3 % and the MFH was 41.6 mm. The total medial plateau fracture usually involved the entire medial plateau, the mean value of MFA was 81.2°, the SAP was 53.9 % and the MFH was 64.0 mm. The posteromedial fracture was located on the posterior part of the medial plateau, the MFA was negative 42.5°, the SAP was 32.4 % and the MFH was 44.8 mm.
The direction and location of Schatzker type IV fractures are highly variable. Proper operative approach and fixation method should be selected based on the morphological characteristics of individual medial plateau fractures.
No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · International Orthopaedics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extracorporeal shock wave (ESW) can promote angiogenesis and tissue repair. To investigate the influence of ESW therapy on the histological features of diabetic chronic wounds and wound healing.
Ninety-six male Sprague Dawley rats with weight (220 +/- 20) g were divided into 3 groups (n = 32): diabetic control group, ESW treatment group, and normal control group. The diabetic rats were prepared in diabetic control group and ESW treatment group by intraperitoneal injection of Streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). Then a circular full-thickness skin wound of 1.8 cm in diameter was made at the back of diabetic rats to establish the diabetic chronic wound model, and the same wound was made in normal control group. In ESW treatment group, ESW (0.11 mJ/mm2, 1.5 Hz energy, and 500 pulses) was applied to treat the wound at 1 day after wounding; in two control groups, no ESW treatment was given. The wound healing and histological changes were observed by HE and Masson staining at 3, 7, and 14 days after treatment; and the cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and collagen deposition were observed by CD31 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunohistochemical staining.
The wound closure rate in diabetic control group was lower, and the healing time was significantly longer than those in normal control group (P < 0.05); at 3, 7, and 14 days after treatment, the inflammatory cell infiltration in wound tissue was obvious, and the relative area density of collagen fibers, wound microvessel density (MVD), and the relative density of PCNA-positive cells were significantly lower than those in normal control group (P < 0.05). The wound healing time was significantly shorter and the wound closure rate was significantly higher in ESW treatment group than those in the diabetic control group (P < 0.05). At different time points in ESW treatment group, the inflammatory cells signficantly reduced, while the relative area density of collagen fibers, MVD, and relative density of PCNA-positive cells significantly increased when compared with those in diabetic control group (P < 0.05). No significant difference in MVD and relative density of PCNA-positive cells was found between ESW treatment group and normal control group (P > 0.05).
Low-energy ESW treatment can inhibit the local inflammatory response, promote cell proliferation, increase angiogenesis and collagen deposition, and enhance granulation tissue formation, and so it can promote chronic wound healing in diabetic rats.
No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) is a common surgical disease, which will cause certain symptoms like neck-shoulder pain, headache, numbness of the upper limb and so on. Many of those symptoms are derived from brachial plexus entrapment. That syndrome is hard to diagnose in clinic. We need some direct evidence of the disease. Yet, the visualization of peripheral nerve like brachial plexus is still a tough problem. Presently, corresponding researches usually built their foundation on cadaver autopsy. In the study, a three dimensional (3-D) model of brachial plexus and its surrounding structures was established by segmentation of Chinese visible human (CVH) data. As a result, it is found brachial plexus went through a narrow tunnel surrounded by bone, muscle and tendon-like tissues. And, at its root and division sections that “tunnel” has been greatly compromised. Our findings indicate the potential sources and location of the disease, which may help to clinical diagnosis and treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Impaired wound healing in surgical patients with diabetes increases the incidence of infection, prolongs hospitalization, and even increases the rate of mortality. Low-energy extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT) was reported to accelerate chronic wound healing by promoting revascularization and tissue regeneration; however, it is not known if ESWT could also improve healing of acute surgical incisional wounds in diabetes. In this study, using a rat model of diabetes, we investigated the effect of low-energy ESWT on collagen content in wound tissues and its efficacy in incisional wound healing. A single dorsal incisional wound was inflicted in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and they received ESWT at different time post-wounding. Rats were sacrificed on days 7 and 14 post-wounding. Wound breaking strength, hydroxyproline content, histological characteristics and the expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) were analyzed. As a result, the wound breaking strength was significantly enhanced and the hydroxyproline content in wound tissues was increased at each time point examined. The number of fibroblasts was signicantly increased, and the new collagen fibers were more abundant at the wound site after ESWT. Furthermore, the expression of TGF-β1 was up-regulated after ESWT on day 7 post-wounding. These results suggest that low-energy ESWT can increase collagen content, enhance wound breaking strength and improve the healing of incisional wound in diabetic rats. The increased collagen content may be attributed, at least in part, to the up-regulation of TGF-β1 expression in wound tissues.
No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bisphosphonates and parathyroid hormone (PTH) represent the antiresorptive and anabolic classes of drugs for osteoporosis treatment. Bone mineral density (BMD) is an essential parameter for the evaluation of anti-osteoporotic drugs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of PTH versus bisphosphonates on BMD for the treatment of osteoporosis.
We performed a literature search to identify studies that investigated the effects of PTH versus bisphosphonates treatment on BMD. A total of 7 articles were included in this study, representing data on 944 subjects. The pooled data showed that the percent change of increased BMD in the spine is higher with PTH compared to bisphosphonates (WMD = 5.90, 95% CI: 3.69-8.10, p<0.01,). In the hip, high dose (40 µg) PTH (1-34) showed significantly higher increments of BMD compared to alendronate (femoral neck: WMD = 5.67, 95% CI: 3.47-7.87, p<0.01; total hip: WMD = 2.40, 95%CI: 0.49-4.31, p<0.05). PTH treatment has yielded significantly higher increments than bisphosphonates with a duration of over 12 months (femoral neck: WMD = 5.67, 95% CI: 3.47-7.86, p<0.01; total hip: WMD = 2.40, 95% CI: 0.49-4.31, P<0.05) and significantly lower increments at 12 months (femoral neck: WMD = -1.05, 95% CI: -2.26-0.16, p<0.01; total hip: WMD: -1.69, 95% CI: -3.05-0.34, p<0.05). In the distal radius, a reduction in BMD was significant between PTH and alendronate treatment. (WMD = -3.68, 95% CI: -5.57-1.79, p<0.01).
Our results demonstrated that PTH significantly increased lumbar spine BMD as compared to treatment with bisphosphonates and PTH treatment induced duration- and dose-dependent increases in hip BMD as compared to bisphosphonates treatment. This study has also disclosed that for the distal radius, BMD was significantly lower from PTH treatment than alendronate treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the security and effectiveness of minimal invasive fixation with three dimensional (3D) fluoro-images based on navigation system in the management of acetabular fractures.
Between August 2008 and January 2010, 12 patients with acetabular fractures were treated with percutaneous screw fixation under the guidance of 3D fluoro-images based on navigation system after closed reduction. There were 7 males and 5 females, aged 28-57 years (mean, 38.1 years). Fractures were caused by traffic accident in 9 cases, and falling from height in 3 cases. According to AO classification, there were 1 case of A2.2 type, 3 cases of A2.3 type, 2 cases of A3.2 type, 2 cases of A3.3 type, 1 case of B2.2 type, 1 case of B3.2 type, 1 case of C2.1 type, and 1 case of C2.3 type. The interval from injury to hospitalization was 4 hours to 3 days (mean, 1.2 days).
Totally 28 screws were implanted. The average time to implant 1 screw was 24.8 minutes. Twenty-seven screws were placed correctly with a successful rate of 96.4%, only 1 screw was reinserted for deviation. All the screws were checked by the 3D fluoro-images, which showed they were not in the joint space after fixation. The results were the same as that by CT scanning. Incisions healed by first intention, and no implant failure occurred. All 12 patients were followed up 7 to 24 months with an average of 16.8 months. At last follow-up, fracture union was achieved in all patients with satisfactory screw fixation.
The minimal invasive fixation with 3D fluoro-images based on navigation system makes the surgery for the nondisplaced acetabular fracture more precise and time-saving, minimizes the surgery injury, and improves the clinical results with less complications.
No preview · Article · May 2011 · Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of the intra-operative three-dimensional imaging in the tibial plateau fractures with complex depressions.
Thirty tibial plateau fracture patients with complex depression were treated with the use of intra-operative three-dimensional imaging (Arcadis 3D). The image quality as well as the clinical benefit was evaluated.
In total 74 plates were used in these 30 patients. Six Kirschner wires and 50 screws were used outside the plate as raft technique in 4 and 21 patients. The additional critical imaging information which was unachievable in plain fluoroscopy was gain in 12 patients. Four patients among these 12 patients were revised because of the depression. Two patients were revised due to the misplacement of screws.
The intra-operative three-dimensional imaging (Arcadis) is necessary when the two-dimensional fluoroscopy was unsatisfactory in the depressed tibial plateau fracture.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Technology and health care: official journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the security and effectiveness of minimal invasive fixation with fluoroscopy-based navigation in the management of pelvic fractures.
From April 2007 to June 2008, 22 patients with pelvic fractures were treated with percutaneous screw fixation under the guidance of a fluoroscopy-based navigation system after closed reduction. There were 13 males and 9 females, aged 21-65 years old. Fractures were caused by traffic accident in 17 cases, and falling from height in 5 cases. According to AO classification, there were 2 cases of A2.2 type, 2 cases of A2.3 type, 7 cases of B1.2 type, 3 cases of B2.2 type, 1 case of B3.3 type, 2 cases of C1.2 type, 3 cases of C1.3 type, and 2 cases of C2.3 type. The interval from injury to hospitalization was 4 hours to 3 days (mean 1.2 days). After 3-13 days of skeletal traction through tibial tubercle, the operation was performed.
Totally 42 screws were inserted. The average time for operation was 20.4 minutes per screw. Forty-one screws were inserted correctly with a successful insertion rate of 97.6%, only 1 hollow screw was reinserted for deviation. No incision problem and implant failure occurred. All 22 patients were followed up 7 to 21 months with an average of 14.5 months. At last follow-up, fracture union was achieved in all patients with satisfactory screw fixation. According to Majeed functional scoring, the results were excellent in 18 cases and good in 4 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 100%.
The minimal invasive fixation with fluoroscopy-based navigation makes the surgery for the pelvic fracture more precise and time-saving, and improves clinical results without an increasing rate of complications.
No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) can improve flap survival, but its mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we aim to investigate whether ESWT can improve blood flow in ischemic skin flaps and the possible mechanism. Cranially based random-pattern flap (3 x 10 cm) model was established, and its ischemic portion was treated with or without ESWT at 0.09 mJ/mm2 with 750 impulses (1.5 Hz), immediately after operation. Survival area, blood flow, vessel distribution, microvessel density, and expression of nitric oxide and vascular endothelial growth factor were evaluated at 1, 3, and 10 days postoperatively. The results showed that blood perfusion, expression of nitric oxide and vascular endothelial growth factor, vasodilatation of pre-existing vessels at early postoperative stage, neovascularization at late stage, and flap survival were all significantly promoted in treatment group. In conclusion, ESWT can improve skin flap surviving rate through enhanced vasodilatation at early postoperative stage and neovascularization at late stage via modulation of angio-active factors expression.
Preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Annals of plastic surgery