Valerie Reuss

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (1)4.76 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Six complexes of the type trans-[Fe(NCMe)2(P-N-N-P)]X2 (X = BF4(-), B{Ar(f)}4(-)) (Ar(f) = 3,5-(CF3)2C6H3) containing diiminodiphosphine ligands and the complexes trans-[Fe(NCMe)2(P-NH-NH-P)][BF4]2 with a diaminodiphosphine ligand were obtained by the reaction of Fe(II) salts with achiral and chiral P-N-N-P or P-NH-NH-P ligands, respectively, in acetonitrile at ambient temperature. The P-N-N-P ligands are derived from reaction of ortho-diphenylphosphinobenzaldehyde with the diamines 1,2-ethylenediamine, 1,3-propylenediamine, (S,S)-1,2-disopropyl-1,2-diaminoethane, and (R,R)-1,2-diphenyl-1,2-diaminoethane. Some complexes could also be obtained for the first time in a one-pot template synthesis under mild reaction conditions. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies of the complexes revealed a trans distorted octahedral structure around the iron. The iPr or Ph substituents on the diamine were found to be axial in the five-membered Fe-N-CHR-CHR-N- ring of the chiral P-N-N-P ligands. A steric clash between the imine hydrogen and the substituent probably determines this stereochemistry. The diaminodiphosphine complex has longer Fe-N and Fe-P bonds than the analogous diiminodiphosphine complex. The new iron compounds were used as precatalysts for the hydrogenation of acetophenone. The complexes without axial substituents on the diamine had moderate catalytic activity while that with axial Ph substituents had low activity but fair (61%) enantioselectivity for the asymmetric hydrogenation of acetophenone. The fact that the diaminodiphosphine complex has a slightly higher activity than the corresponding diiminodiphosphine complex suggests that hydrogenation of the imine groups in the P-N-N-P ligand may be important for catalyst activation. Evidence is provided, including the first density-functional theory calculations on iron-catalyzed outer-sphere ketone hydrogenation, that the mechanism is similar to that of ruthenium analogues.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Inorganic Chemistry