[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between erythropoiesis and inflammation, in Hereditary Spherocytosis (HS) clinical outcome.
We studied 26 controls and 82 HS patients presenting mild (n = 49) and severer (n = 33) HS forms. We evaluated plasma levels of EPO, sTfR, ferritin, iron, folic acid, vitamin B12, TNF-α, IFN-γ, elastase and lactoferrin; leukocyte and reticulocyte counts and RPI were determined.
All HS patients showed significantly higher EPO, sTfR, reticulocytes and RPI but only mild HS presented normal hemoglobin levels; the positive significant correlations between EPO and sTfR, reticulocytes and RPI observed in mild HS were not observed in severer HS patients. HS patients presented with higher levels of neutrophils, TNF-α, IFN-γ, elastase, lactoferrin and ferritin.
Our data show HS as a disease linked to enhanced erythropoiesis that is disturbed in the more severe forms, to which inflammation may contribute, at least in part.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Clinical biochemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is usually classified as mild, moderate or severe using conventional features, namely, hemoglobin (Hb) concentration, reticulocyte count and bilirubin levels, which do not always contribute to an adequate clinical classification. The aim of our study was to establish the importance of some laboratory routine parameters, as markers of HS clinical outcome, by studying a control group (n=26) and unsplenectomized HS patients (n=82) presenting mild, moderate or severe HS. We performed a basic hematologic study and evaluated the reticulocyte count, bilirubin, erythropoietin (EPO) and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels; the osmotic fragility (OFT) and criohemolysis tests (CHT); the ratios Hb/MCHC (mean cell hemoglobin concentration), Hb/RDW (red cell distribution width) and MCHC/RDW, were calculated. Hb changed significantly in accordance with HS severity, but not reticulocytes or bilirubin. We found that MCHC, RDW, EPO, sTfR, OFT, CHT and the calculated ratios were significantly changed in patients, and, therefore, were valuable as complementary diagnostic tools for HS. Moreover, RDW, Hb/MCHC, Hb/RDW and MCHC/RDW changed significantly with worsening of HS; thus, they are also good markers for the clinical outcome of HS. In conclusion, we propose the use of these routine parameters as useful to complement the analysis of HS severity.
No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hereditary Spherocytosis (HS) is a haemolytic anaemia caused by erythrocyte protein membrane defects - spectrin, ankyrin, band 3 or protein 4.2 - that lead to membrane destabilization. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of protein deficiencies and the role of membrane proteins or membrane-linked proteins in membrane disturbance and in HS clinical outcome. A total of 215 Portuguese individuals were studied - 203 from 71 families plus 12 individual unrelated subjects; 160 of them were diagnosed with HS. They were classified as presenting mild, moderate or severe forms of HS according to the degree of haemolytic anaemia. Standardized electrophoretic erythrocyte membrane protein analysis was used to identify and quantify protein deficiencies. Band 3 and ankyrin were found to account for the majority of the erythrocyte protein defects underlying HS. Increasing isolated protein deficiency or increasing imbalance between combined protein deficiencies seemed to underlie HS severity, by increasing membrane destabilization. There was an increased membrane linkage of the cytosolic proteins, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and peroxiredoxin 2, and of denatured haemoglobin, suggesting that this linkage could interfere with membrane structure. Our data suggest that the quantification and the analysis of RBC membrane proteins may be helpful in predicting the clinical outcome of HS.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · British Journal of Haematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We studied 82 Portuguese individuals, 57 with hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and 25 unaffected controls. We performed standardized diagnosis tests, including electrophoretic membrane protein analysis to identify and quantify protein deficiencies underlying HS. Membrane bound hemoglobin (MBH) and band 3 profiles were determined as oxidative stress and aging markers. A protein of about 22 kDa, present in 21 of 57 HS patients, but not in controls, was identified as peroxiredoxin 2 (Prx2), by mass-spectroscopy and by immunoblotting. Human erythrocyte Prx2 is a peroxiredoxin with thiol-specific antioxidant activity. The presence of Prx2 in erythrocyte membranes was linked to higher levels of oxidative stress, as reflected by significantly increased MBH in those HS patients. No relation with HS clinical severity was observed and Prx2 was detected in all types of membrane protein abnormalities. Prx2 membrane linkage is associated with a higher oxidative stress susceptibility of HS erythrocytes.
No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases