Publications (7)12.55 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ethnopharmacological relevance: Hepatic fibrosis, a precursor of liver cirrhosis, is a consequence of severe liver damage that occurs in many patients with chronic liver diseases. Salvianolic acid B (SA-B) is one of water soluble compounds derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen in Chinese) widely used for chronic liver diseases. In this study we investigated the protective effects of SA-B on CCl(4)-induced hepatic fibrosis. Materials and methods: Hepatic fibrosis in rats was induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)). Rats were divided into four groups, including normal controls (N group), model (M group), low SA-B of 10mg/kg body weight (L group), or high SA-B of 20mg/kg body weight (H group). After 6 weeks, macroscopic features of the liver and weight ratio of liver to body were measured. Liver fibrosis of the rats was evaluated by HE and Massion staining. Activities of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and total bilirubin (TBIL) were checked with automated biochemistry analyzer. Serum levels of hyaluronic acid (HA), type IV collagen (IV-C), Laminin (LN) and procollagen III peptide (PIIIP) were detected by radioimmunoassay (RIA). The expression of NF-κB and IκBα was detected by western blotting. Results: SA-B was shown to reduce CCl(4)-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats. The serum levels of ALT, AST, and TBIL were significantly lower in the SA-B treatment groups than in the M group. Compared the M group, the serum levels of HA, LN, IV-C and PIIIP were decreased markedly after treatment with SA-B, especially in the H group. Treatment with SA-B at 10-20mg/kg (L and N groups, respectively) dose-dependently decreased the expression of NF-κB in the nucleolus and increased the expression levels of NF-κB and IκBα protein in the cytoplasm compared to that of the M group. Conclusions: This study reveals that SA-B could prevent the progression of liver angiogenesis and alleviate liver fibrosis possibly by regulating the expression of NF-κB and IκBα.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kanglaite (KLT) is a useful antitumor drug with proven effects when combined with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery. We hypothesize that KLT has antitumor activity and immunomodulatory effects in Lewis lung carcinoma. C57BL/6 mice with Lewis lung carcinoma were divided into four groups: the control group (C), cisplatin group (1mg/kg, DDP), low KLT group (6.25ml/kg body weight [L]), and high KLT group (12.5ml/kg body weight [H]). T cell proliferation was determined by the MTT assay. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), inhibitor kappa B alpha (IκBα), IκB kinase (IKK) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) levels were measured by western blotting. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to analyze the expression of interleukin-2 (IL-2). Intraperitoneal KLT significantly inhibited the growth of Lewis lung carcinoma, and the spleen index was significantly higher in the L and H groups than in the C group. KLT stimulated T cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with KLT at either 6.25 or 12.5ml/kg decreased the level of NF-κB in the nucleus in a dose-dependent manner, and KLT markedly decreased the expression of IκBα, IKK and EGFR in the cytoplasm of tumor cells and overall. IL-2 was significantly increased in the supernatant of splenocytes in the H group. These results demonstrate that KLT has pronounced antitumor and immunostimulatory activities in C57BL/6 mice with Lewis lung carcinoma. These may affect the regulation of NF-κB/IκB expression, in addition to cytokines such as IL-2 and EGFR. Further work needs to investigate the relevant signaling pathway effects, but our findings suggest that KLT may be a promising antitumor drug for clinical use.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are generated by UV irradiation, may induce an irreversible growth arrest similar to senescence. Tiron, 4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-benzene disulfonic acid, is a widely used antioxidant to rescue ROS-evoked cell death. The aim of the article was to explore the effects of tiron on skin photoaging and associated mechanisms. The effects of tiron on cell proliferation were determined using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-Yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide. Senescent cells were determined by morphology and senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity analysis. Intracellular hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion and glutathione concentration were analysed by a fluorescent probe. The concomitant changes of protein expression were analysed with Western blot. Human dermal fibroblasts were induced to premature senescence by sub-cytotoxic doses of irradiated UVB. Strong senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity and increased intracellular superoxide anion were observed in human dermal fibroblasts irradiated by UVB. Tiron blocks UVB-induced glutathione depletion and increase of superoxide anion and protects against UVB-induced senescence-like characteristics in human dermal fibroblasts. Compared with normal fibroblasts, UVB-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts showed a higher ratio of active (hypophosphorylated) to inactive (phosphorylated) forms of Rb and p38, upregulation of p53 or p16 and c-Myc and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) downregulation. After treatment with tiron, p53, p16 c-Myc and IGF-1 as well as phosphorylation Rb and p38 could partially recover. These results indicate that tiron protects against UVB-induced senescence-like characteristics in human dermal fibroblasts via the inhibition of production of superoxide anion and glutathione depletion, and modulation of related senescence proteins.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We recently demonstrated that oridonin could induce apoptosis and senescence of colon cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. In this study, the involvement of reactive oxygen species in oridonin-induced cell death and senescence was investigated in colon adenocarcinoma-derived SW1116 cells. Oridonin increased intracellular hydrogen peroxide levels and reduced the glutathione content in a dose-dependent manner. N-acetylcysteine, a reactive oxygen species scavenger, not only blocked the oridonin-induced increase in hydrogen peroxide and glutathione depletion, but also blocked apoptosis and senescence induced by oridonin, as evidenced by the decrease in Annexin V and senescence-associated β-galactosidase- positive cells and the inhibition of oridonin-induced upregulation of p53 and p16 and downregulation of c-Myc. Moreover, exogenous catalase could inhibit the increase in hydrogen peroxide and apoptosis induced by oridonin, but not the glutathione depletion and senescence. Furthermore, thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) activity was reduced by oridonin in vitro and in cells, which may cause the increase in hydrogen peroxide. In conclusion, the increase in hydrogen peroxide and glutathione depletion account for oridonin-induced apoptosis and senescence in colorectal cancer cells, and TrxR inhibition is involved in this process. Given the importance of TrxR as a novel cancer target in colon cancer, oridonin would be a promising clinical candidate. The mechanism of oridonin-induced inhibition of TrxR warrants further investigation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oridonin, a tetracycline diterpenoid compound, has the potential antitumor activities. Here, we evaluate the antitumor activity and action mechanisms of oridonin in colorectal cancer. Effects of oridonin on cell proliferation were determined by using a CCK-8 Kit. Cell cycle distribution was determined by flow cytometry. Apoptosis was examined by analyzing subdiploid population and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay. Senescent cells were determined by senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity analysis. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was used to examine the changes of mRNA of p16, p21, p27 and c-myc. The concomitant changes of protein expression were analyzed with Western blot. Expression of AcH3 and AcH4 were examined by immunofluorescence staining and Western blots. Effects of oridonin on colony formation of SW1116 were examined by Soft Agar assay. The in vivo efficacy of oridonin was detected using a xenograft colorectal cancer model in nude mice. Oridonin induced potent growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, senescence and colony-forming inhibition in three colorectal cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner in vitro. Daily i.p. injection of oridonin (6.25, 12.5 or 25 mg/kg) for 28 days significantly inhibited the growth of SW1116 s.c. xenografts in BABL/C nude mice. With western blot and reverse transcription-PCR, we further showed that the antitumor activities of oridonin correlated with induction of histone (H3 and H4) hyperacetylation, activation of p21, p27 and p16, and suppression of c-myc expression. Oridonin possesses potent in vitro and in vivo anti-colorectal cancer activities that correlated with induction of histone hyperacetylation and regulation of pathways critical for maintaining growth inhibition and cell cycle arrest. Therefore, oridonin may represent a novel therapeutic option in colorectal cancer treatment.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the protective effects of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor receptor II: IgG Fc fusion protein (rhu TNFR: Fc) against the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced intestinal damage of rats and its underlying mechanism. SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group, rhuTNFR: Fc group, LPS group and rhu TNFR: Fc + LPS group. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was continuously monitored and the mortality rates were assessed. The levels of TNF-alpha and its bioactivity in the serum were assessed by ELISA and flow cytometry respectively. Pathologic changes of intestinal tissue were observed by HE staining. The rats of control and rhu TNFR: Fc group all survived with stable MAP, and the low level and bioactivity of TNF-alpha in the serum were maintained. While 83% of the rats in LPS group died by 6 h with the levels and bioactivity of TNF-alpha increasing significantly. In rhu TNFR: Fc + LPS group, the mortality rate of rats dropped to 33%. The TNF-alpha level increased compared with control group but its bioactivity decreased significantly compared with LPS group. The MPO activity and content of MDA decreased significantly. The status of pathological manifestation in the intestine was also ameliorated. These data suggest that rhu TNFR: Fc could protect rats from the acute intestine injury induced by LPS through ablating the rise in serum TNF-alpha level and bioactivity as well as anti-oxidation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To block the synthesis of ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2) in myocardial cells by RNA interference and to investigate its biological impact on ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rat myocardial cells. Rat myocardial cells were isolated and cultured for an I/R model in vitro. RNA interference technique was used to block the synthesis of RyR2 in myocardial cells. Changes of LDH level, apoptosis, RyR2 mRNA expression and cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration were analyzed accordingly. Myocardial cells after I/R manipolation were severely injuried (LDH leakage, 125 IU/L vs 12 IU/L, P < 0.05), apoptosis (60.1% vs 5.5%, P < 0.05), significant cytosolic Ca(2+) overload (21.2 vs 7.6, P < 0.05) and remarkable mitochondrial membrane potential loss (37.2 vs 85.1, P < 0.05). However, no visible change of RyR2 was observed (20.1 vs 22.7, P > 0.05). Pre-treatment with RyR2 specified siRNA demonstrated suppressed expression of RyR2 (6.8 vs 20.1, P < 0.05), increased mitochondrial membrane potential (55.8 vs 37.2, P < 0.05), attenuated cytosolic Ca(2+) overload (8.6 vs 21.2) and cellular apoptosis (31.2% vs 60.1%, P < 0.05). RyR2 gene silencing enables to protect myocardial cells from I/R injury in vitro.
The Third People's HospitalShen-ch’üan-shih, Zhejiang Sheng, China