[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Methods:
All the cases of the study were limited to Beijing residents diagnosed with cervical cancer and registered in Beijing from January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2008. A total of 4100 patients with cervical cancer were obtained from the Statistics Database of Beijing Cancer Registry (BJCaR). According to the registered data, we retrospectively reviewed all original cases which we can acquired in reported hospital. Cervical situ cancer, cervical metastatic cancer, non-Beijing residents and repeatedly registered cases were excluded. Totally, 3641 registered cases were verified correctly. Meanwhile, we also collected the following data: Age, occupation, detected methods, histological type, and staging. The trends of incidence and mortality were analyzed by Joinpoint Regression Program 184.108.40.206 produced by National Cancer Institute (NCI, USA). The annual percent change (APC) was calculated using the Joinpoint regression model.
The crude rates of incidence and mortality were 10.4 and 1.0 per 100,000 women, respectively during 1993 to 2008. The average WHO age-standardized incidence rates were 11.5 per 100,000 women. There was a decrease in incidence annually by 8.0% (P = 0.3) during 1993-1996 and a rapid increase annually by 18.9% after 1999 (P < 0.01). The median age was 67 years in 1993, but the median age decreased to 45 years in 2008. The peak of the age-specific incidence curve was at 40 years in the most recent period (2005-2008), which was 25-30 years earlier than that in previous periods (1993-1996). In the 2224 cases, the numbers of patients with stage I, II, III and IV were 910 (40.9%), 601 (27%), 542 (24.4%), 171 (7.7%), respectively. The percentage of patients with stage I was 7.6% (13/171) in 1993-1996, but the percentage increased to 51.6% (643/1247) in 2005-2008 (P < 0.01). Otherwise the percentage of advanced stage (stage III-IV) during the same period was dropped down significantly from 52.0% (89/171) to 22.5% (280/1247) (P < 0.01). Unemployed and housewife ranked first accounting for 27.3% of the total (607/2224). Urban low-income people such as worker ranked the second accounting for 17.0% (377/2224), the third place was farmer accounting for 14.0% (312/2224). Only 381 (17.1%, 381/2224) women in 2224 were first detected cervical cancer by routine screenings. Company staff (36.5%, 139/381), professional and technical personnel (22.6%, 86/381), national official (22.0%, 84/381) occupied the top three (total 81.1%) in the 381 patients detected cervical cancer by screening.
The cervical cancer incidence has showed a continuous rise in Beijing since 1999. Government-led mass screening should target the low socioeconomic population primarily. Meanwhile the government should enhance public health education of cancer screening to increase the rate of screening.
No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chinese medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical value of cold knife conization (CKC) as a conservative management in patients with microinvasive cervical squamous cell cancer (SCC).
This retrospective study enrolled 108 women with diagnosis of microinvasive cervical SCC (stage IA1) by pathology between 2009 to 2012 at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University. Eighty-three patients underwent further hysterectomy.
Of the 83 patients (76.9%) who underwent further hysterectomy, 48 patients (57.8%) underwent extrafascial hysterectomy, 30 patients (36.1%) underwent extensive hysterectomy, and 5 patients (6.1%) underwent radical hysterectomy. A total of 19 patients underwent pelvic lymph node dissection without any lymph node metastasis, and a total of 5 patients (4.6%) had lymph vascular space invasion without any positive pelvic lymph node dissection. Of the 83 patients who underwent further hysterectomy and were followed up for 1 year, 18 patients with positive resection margins indicating cervical residual lesions (CIN1-3) have greater likelihood than 65 patients with clear resection margins, but there were no significant differences (P = 0.917); of the 25 patients who underwent CKC as final therapy and were followed up for 1 year, 2 patients with positive resection margins had the second CKC surgery, 1 was diagnosed with CIN1, and the other was diagnosed with cervicitis by pathology; 23 patients had clear resection margins, 2 patients underwent the second CKC 3 months after the first CKC because of the abnormal Thinprep Cytologic Test (TCT) result, and they were both diagnosed with microinvasive cervical SCC (stage IA1) by pathology with clear resection margins. No one enrolled in this study presented metastasis and progression within 1 year of follow-up.
These findings provide the clinical evidences for the possibility of fertility-sparing treatments, especially CKC as conservative treatment for microinvasive cervical SCC. Appropriate further treatments (the second CKC) and follow-up are recommended for patients who strongly desire fertility sparing.
No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of laser vaporization for vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) after hysterectomy in Chinese women and to identify factors affecting persistence/recurrence.
Material and methods:
Twenty-eight VAIN patients after hysterectomy due to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (group 1) and 11 VAIN patients due to cervical cancer (group 2) were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were treated with at least one episode of laser vaporization between 2010 and 2011, and then followed up every 3 months for at least 1 year. Cox regression analysis was used to identify independent factors predicting persistence/recurrence.
All VAIN patients achieved remission after two episodes of laser treatment, with 85.7% complete regression in group 1 and 54.5% in group 2. The first episode of the treatment had a significantly higher success rate in group 1 than in group 2 (46.2% vs 0.0%). All patients had no recurrence during a mean follow-up time of 22.8-27.8 months (range 12-39 months). However, infection persisted in 21 (61.8%) of 34 human-papillomavirus-positive patients after laser vaporization. Severity of VAIN was the only significant independent predictor of persistence/recurrence after one episode of the treatment (adjusted odds ratio, 4.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.28-12.96; P = 0.017). Laser treatments were well tolerated with no major side-effects.
Laser vaporization may be a useful option for the treatment of VAIN after hysterectomy. However, a follow-up is required to assess the long-term efficacy of laser treatment.
No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the differentially expressed proteins in normal cervix, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and squamous cervical carcinoma (SCC) tissues by differential proteomics, and to provide a basis for studies on CIN molecular pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis and treatment.
Uterine cervical tissue specimens from the patients treated between August 2008 and September 2009 in the Department of Oncology of Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were collected. There were samples of normal cervix (n = 9), CIN (n = 23, CIN I = 7, CIN II = 8, CIN III = 8) and SCC (n = 7). 2-D DIGE and DeCyder software were used to detect the differentially expressed protein-spots. Then MALDI-TOF/TOF MS was used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins. Collect normal cervix(n = 20), CIN (n = 60) and SCC (n = 20), immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot were used to verify the differentially expressed proteins of S100A9 (S100 calcium-binding protein A9) , eEF1A1 (eukaryotic elongation factor 1-alpha-1) and PKM2 (pyruvate kinase isozymes M2) among the normal cervix, CIN and SCC tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the differentially expressed S100A9, eEF1A1 and PKM2 in the cervical tissues.
2D gel electrophoresis images with high resolution and good repeatability were obtained. Forty-six differentially expressed proteins (27 were up-regulated and 19 were down-regulated) were selected among the normal, CIN, and SCC, and 26 proteins were successfully identified. Immunohistochemistry showed that protein S100A9 was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm, and its positive expression rate was 20.0% in normal cervical mucosa, 70.0% in CIN, and 100.0% in squamous cell carcinoma, with a significant difference between them (P = 0.006). eEF1A1 was mainly expressed in the cell plasma. Its positive expression rate was 70.0% in normal cervix, 73.3%in CIN and 60.0% in SCC tissues, with a non-significant difference between them (P = 0.758). The protein PKM2 was mainly expressed in the cell nuclei. Its positive expression rate was 100.0% in normal cervix, 93.3% in CIN and 75.0% in SCC tissues, showing a difference close to statistical significance (P = 0.059) between them. The results of Western blot were similar with that of immunohistochemical examination.
There are differentially expressed proteins among normal cervix, CIN and SCC. S100A9, eEF1A1 and PKM2 may become candidate markers for early diagnosis of cervical cancer and new targets for therapy. It also provides a further basis for studies of the pathogenetic mechanism of CIN developing to cervical cancer.
No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma in pregnant and postpartum women.
This prospective study enrolled 27,230 pregnant women undergoing routine gestational examinations between August 1, 2007 and July 31, 2010 in the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University. Colposcopy and cervical biopsy were performed for patients with abnormal Thin Prep(®) Papanicolaou test (TCT) results. Periodic colposcopy was performed every 8-12 weeks and cervical biopsy was performed if progression was suspected. Cervical cold knife conization was recommended to patients diagnosed with CINIII or microinvasive cervical carcinoma 6-12 weeks after delivery.
A total of 2,260 patients had abnormal TCT results (8.12 %). Colposcopy and cervical biopsy were performed for 369 patients. Fifteen patients had microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma, 116 patients had cervicitis, and the number of CIN patients with histological grades I, II, and III were 124, 49, and 65, respectively. Tumor progression during pregnancy was found in 253 patients (CINI or above). Prognosis varied depending on the highest grade of pathological diagnosis results during pregnancy or initial pathological diagnosis results performed 6-12 weeks after delivery by cervical biopsy under colposcopy. Treatment and follow-up were carried out according to diagnoses, state of progression, and reversion (if any).
These findings underline a need for cervical lesion screening for all women during pregnancy, and colposcopy should be performed for pregnant women who have abnormal TCT results. Appropriate treatment and follow-up were recommended according to different diagnosis of CIN.
No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Archives of Gynecology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and high-risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) during pregnancy and postpartum in China.
In this prospective case-control study, 168 pregnant women with CIN and cervicitis were diagnosed by colposcopic cervical biopsy. All the cases underwent hybrid capture assay version II (HCII) to detect HR-HPV DNA load amounts and the tests were completed in 3-6 months after childbirth.
During pregnancy: as the CIN grade increased, the HR-HPV infection rates increased (P = 0.002), but HR-HPV DNA load amounts (in logarithms) did not change obviously (P = 0.719). 3-6 months postpartum: as the CIN grade increased, the natural negative rate of HR-HPV decreased (P = 0.000), while the amount of HR-HPV DNA (in logarithms) increased (P = 0.036); especially the amount of HR-HPV DNA in pregnant women with CINIII was significantly higher than that of other grades. During pregnancy and 3-6 months postpartum : the amount of HR-HPV DNA (in logarithms) during pregnancy was higher than that of 3-6 months postpartum with the same grade of CIN.
The findings emphasize the importance of undergoing the HCII test 3-6 months postpartum. It should be noted that HR-HPV may turn negative in pregnancy with CINIII 3-6 months after childbirth. Further treatments of pregnancy with CIN should be considered according to the CIN grade diagnosed by cervical biopsy via colposcopy 3-6 months after birth, but not according to the persistence of HR-HPV during pregnancy.
No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To investigate the perinatal outcomes of pregnant women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).
The women in this retrospective case-control study were recruited from Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from August 1, 2007 to February 28, 2010. All the cases were 13-32 gestational weeks, who were diagnosed by colposcopy conducted cervical biopsy. A total of 108 cases were followed-up to the day of delivery.
(1) Complications of colposcopy conducted cervical biopsy: there were two cases of pregnant women, who suffered cervical local compression after undergoing colposcopy conducted cervical biopsy, as the bleeding could not be stopped, the wound was treated by local suture. The incidence of such event was 1.8% (2/108), without any colposcopy and biopsy-related adverse event. (2) Cesarean section rate was 63.6% (56/88) in CIN, which was higher than 30.0% (6/20) in cervicitis, and the cesarean section rate increased as CIN grades elevated, and gestational weeks of delivery advanced.(P < 0.05). (3) We did not detect significant difference for the incidence of polyhydramnios, premature rupture of fetal membranes, placental abruption, cervical laceration and postpartum hemorrhage, low birth weight infants, amniotic fluid II-III degree, neonatal deformity and neonatal asphyxia between pregnant women with CIN and cervicitis (P > 0.05); however, the incidence of oligohydramnios and premature infants in pregnant women with CIN group were higher than that in cervicitis group (P = 0.007; P = 0.020). (4) Vaginal delivery and HR-HPV infection did not increase the incidence of perinatal complication; the volume of postpartum hemorrhage within 2 h after birth in vaginal delivery was less than in cesearean section for pregnancies with CIN (P = 0.000).
Pregnant women with CIN can be diagnosed by colposcopy conducted cervical biopsy, and they should be carefully monitored oligohydramnios and preterm during pregnancy. Pregnant women with CIN during pregnancy, excluding other obstetric operation indications may choose vaginal delivery first.
No preview · Article · May 2013 · Archives of Gynecology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate diagnostic approaches of cervical glandular intraepithelial neoplasia (CGIN) for improving the diagnostic levels of CGIN.
Clinical data of 106 cases with CGIN admitted in hospital from Jan.2008 to Dec. 2010 were analyzed retrospectively.All data from preoperative thin-prep cytologic test (TCT), cervical biopsies and postoperative pathological examination of the excised cervical tissues were reviewed.
Among 106 patients, 62 cases (58.5%, 62/106) were low grade CGIN (L-CGIN), 44 cases (41.5%, 44/106) were high grade CGIN (H-CGIN); 25 cases (23.6%, 25/106) were pure CGIN and 81 cases (76.4%, 81/106) were CGIN mixed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Fifteen cases (14.2%, 15/106) were found atypical glandular cell (AGC) by TCT. In the 15 cases, there were 4 cases (6.5%, 4/62) L-CGIN, and 11 cases (25.0%, 11/44) H-CGIN, there was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05); among 15 cases with AGC, 11 cases of them (44.0%, 11/25) were pure CGIN, 4 cases (4.9%, 4/81) mixed with CIN, in which there were significant difference (P < 0.01).Seven cases (25.0%, 7/28) were detected glandular lesions in 28 cases by endocervical curettage (ECC). Totally 23 cases (22.8%, 23/101) were detected CGIN by colposcopy-directed biopsy, 11 cases (19.0%, 11/58) were with L-CGIN, 12 cases (27.9%, 12/43) H-CGIN, there was no significant difference between them (P > 0.05).Among the 23 cases, 13 cases (52.0%, 13/25) were pure CGIN, 10 cases (12.3%, 10/81) CGIN mixed with CIN, which showed significant difference (P < 0.01). All 106 patients were treated, 101 cases treated with cervical conization and 5 cases performed hysterectomy; 23 cases were diagnosed CGIN preoperation, the ratio of preoperative diagnosis was 21.7% (23/106), 83 cases (80.3%, 83/106) diagnosed postoperatively.
Routine diagnostic methods of CGIN were not satisfaction, most CGIN were diagnosed after cervical resection.Cervical conization may play a very important role in diagnosis of CGIN.The positivity of TCT in H-CGIN was higher than L-CGIN. There was no different in diagnosing different CGIN grades by colposcopy-directed biopsy. The ratio of preoperative diagnosis of pure CGIN was higher than those with CGIN mixed with CIN.
No preview · Article · May 2013 · Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the maternal and fetal outcomes of planned delay in treatment for cervical microinvasive squamous cancer during pregnancy.
A prospective study of pregnant women was done from August 1, 2007 to May 31, 2010. Pregnant women who had not been carried out cervical cytological screening within one year were got thin-prep cytology test (TCT) screening at their initial prenatal visit. Patients with abnormal cytological results were performed colposcopic examination and directed biopsy. Women with cervical microinvasive cancer were followed up every 8 to 12 weeks. If lesion progression were suspected, compared with previous image, repeated biopsy directed by colposcopy should be performed. Once worsening invasive cancer was confirmed, the pregnancy should be terminated timely. All patients should be reevaluated 6 to 12 weeks postpartum with repeated colposcopic examination and biopsy. All mothers were performed cold knife conization (CKC) at 6 to 12 weeks postpartum.
We totally diagnosed 17 cases cervical microinvasive squamous carcinoma during pregnancy. The positive rate is 6.2/10 000 (17/27 230). After informed consent, 15 pregnant women decided to delay treatment until fetal maturation. The mean gestational age of initial diagnosis was (19.3 ± 5.9) weeks. The women were followed up 2 to 4 times during pregnancy. Only 1 patient was verified lesion progression by directed biopsy at 34 weeks and delivered by cesarean section. The progression rate during pregnancy was 1/15. The mean delivered time was (37.1 ± 1.8) weeks (ranged from 34 to 40 weeks). The mean diagnosis-to-delivery interval was (18.4 ± 5.2) weeks. All patients were delivered by cesarean section and all newborns had good outcomes. Finally we confirmed 1 case with cervical cancer stage Ia2, 11 cases with stage Ia1, 3 cases with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) III by pathological diagnosis after CKC during 6 to 12 weeks postpartum. All cases were disease free after follow-up ranged from 22 to 48 months.
It is necessary to perform TCT screening for pregnant women who have not been carried out cervical cytology screening within 1 year. If cervical microinvasive squamous cancer were suspected during pregnancy, in order to achieve fetal maturity it is acceptable for the women who desired pregnancy to delay treatment under closely monitoring until postpartum.
No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To investigate the relationship between cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and high-risk (HR) HPV infection among late pregnant women.
From Aug. 2007 to Feb. 2010, 168 women at 13 to 32 gestational weeks undergoing prenatal examination in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital went through three stage cervical disease screening, including 21 women with cervicitis and 147 women with CIN (42 women with CIN III, 37 women with CIN II and 68 women with CIN I). Hybrid capture assay version II (HC-II) test was used to measure HR-HPV DNA load, and the logarithmic transtormation (log(10)) was performed. All 168 women were followed up to postpartum 3 - 6 months. HR-HPV infections rates of cervicitis and different CIN, the rate of HR-HPV infection turned naturally negative at postpartum of 3 to 6 months, and HR-HPV load at pregnancy and 3 - 6 months postpartum were observed.
(1) HR-HPV infection rate: CIN III, II, I and cervicitis pregnant women's HR-HPV positive infection rates were 98% (41/42), 86% (32/37), 76% (52/68) and 62% (13/21) respectively, which reached statistical difference (P = 0.002). (2) HR-HPV naturally negative: the rate of pregnant women with different levels of CIN who turned HR-HPV naturally negative within 3 - 6 months of postpartum were CIN III 5% (2/41), CINII 47% (15/32), CINI52% (27/52) and cervicitis 10/13, which also reached statistical difference among those four groups (P = 0.000). (3) HR-HPV load: pregnant women with different grade of CIN and cervicitis HR-HPV DNA load were CIN III 2.02 ng/L(1.53, 2.67 ng/L), CINII 1.94 ng/L (0.75, 2.75 ng/L), CINI2.04 ng/L (0.08, 2.95 ng/L) and cervicitis 1.98 ng/L (-0.07, 2.47 ng/L). There was no significantly different HPV load in women with cervicitis and different CIN (P = 0.719). At 3 - 6 months postpartum, HR-HPV load was CIN III 1.55 ng/L (0.90, 2.10 ng/L), which was significantly higher than the amount of CINII 0.09 ng/L (-0.69, 1.74 ng/L), CINI0.48 ng/L (-0.56, 2.2 ng/L) and cervicitis -0.46 ng/L (-0.78, 1.40 ng/L, P = 0.036).
With the increasing of CIN grade, the rate of HR-HPV infection in pregnant women was increased, however, the rate of HR-HPV turning negative naturally at 3 - 6 months postpartum decreased. With different CIN grade during pregnancy, HR-HPV DNA load did not change significantly, but HR-HPV DNA load increased at 3 - 6 months of postpartum. HR-HPV DNA loads with the same grade of CIN and cervicitis during pregnancy higher than that of postpartum among pregnant women.
No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNA (miRNA) plays an essential role in the progression of a variety of cancers, but its role in cervical cancer progression is not well defined. We aimed to test whether special miRNAs and their target mRNAs contribute to cervical cancer progression.
The expression profiles of 1145 microRNAs in cervical squamous cell carcinomas (CSCC) and adjacent non-tumor tissues were investigated using an Illumina microRNA microarray platform. Differentially expressed miRNAs were validated by RT-PCR. Downstream target validation was performed for miR-886-5p.
We found that the expression levels of seven miRNAs differed significantly between CSCC tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues. Forced expression of one miRNA, miR-886-5p, over-expressed in CSCC tissues lowered expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax, reduced apoptosis and promoted cell proliferation in H8, an HPV16-immortalized human cervical squamous epithelial cell line. Knockdown of miR-886-5p increased Bax protein and apoptotic cell death in cells of the cervical squamous carcinoma cell line, SiHa.
MicroRNA miR-886-5p inhibits apoptosis of cervical cancer cells by down-regulating the production of Bax.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Gynecologic Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the value and safety of biopsy guided by colposcopy in diagnosis of cervical diseases in pregnant women.
From Aug. 2007 to Feb. 2009, 17 828 pregnant women who receive antenatal examination underwent cervical cytological screening thinprep cytology test (TCT) in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital. If abnormal cytological results were found, those pregnant women were administered by colposcopic examination and biopsy after they signed informed consent.
(1) TCT: the abnormal TCT results of 1502 pregnant women (8.425%, 1502/17 828) were found in 17 828 cases. (2) Colposcopic examination: two hundred and four pregnant women underwent colposcopic examination. The rate of satisfied colposcopic imaging was 92.6% (189/204), colposcopic examination identified 125 cases with cervical inflammation or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)I, 25 cases with CINII and 54 cases with CINIII or microinvasive squamous carcinoma (MIVC) of squamous cervical carcinoma (SCC). (3) The results of biopsy guided by colposcopy: among 204 cases, it was found 33 cases with cervical inflammation or wart, 95 cases with CINI, 28 CINII, 36 cases with CINIII and 12 cases with MIVC. (4) The rate of concordance: compared with biopsy pathologic examination, colposcopy examination found 113 cases with cervical inflammation and CINI, the rate of concordance was 90.4% (113/125). And 54 cases with CINIII or SCC diagnosed by colposcopy examination, however biopsy pathologic examination confirm 23 cases with CINIII and 10 cases with SCC at stage Ia, the concordance rate was 61% (33/54). (5) Complication: eight (3.9%, 8/204) pregnant women underwent cervical wound suturing due to continuous bleeding after colposcopy exam or biopsy. No other complications were recorded.
It is necessary that TCT should be performed in pregnant women without cytological screening within one year. Colposcopic examination and biopsy were indicated if pregnant woman with abnormal cytological result were found. Pregnant women with cervicitis or CINI diagnosed by colposcopy should be followed up. If pregnant woman was suspected with CINII or advanced disease, biopsy guided by colposcopy should be performed.
No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the risk factors associated with abnormal cervical cytology findings in pregnant women.
From Sep. 2007 to Sep. 2008, 12,112 pregnant women who underwent their antenatal examinations at 12-36 gestational weeks in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled in this study. They were all excluded from the following pathologic obstetrics factors including threatened abortion, premature rupture of membranes or placental previa. Thinprep cytology test (TCT) were given at their first examination, meanwhile, a personal clinic file was established to record her occupation, education, address, family income, nationality, age of first intercourse, number of sex partners, contraception, marriage and pregnancy, current gynecologic diseases, family history of gynecologic tumors, history of gynecologic diseases and smoking and result of pelvic examination. Those risk factors leading to abnormal cervical cytology were analyzed.
The complete clinical data were collected from 11 906 cases (98.30%, 11,906/12,112). It was found that 10,354 women were shown with normal TCT result, however, 1134 women (9.52%, 1134/11,906) with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), 112 women (0.94%, 112/11,906) with atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGUS), 229 women (1.92%, 229/11,906) with low grade squamous intraepithelial (LSIL), 74 women (0.62%, 74/11,906) with high grade squamous intraepithelial (HSIL). Multiple factorial non-conditioned logistic regression analysis showed that age of first sexual intercourse (OR(ASCUS) = 2.90, OR(AGUS) = 7.32), number of sex partners (OR(ASCUS) = 1.49, OR(AGUS) = 2.02), number of abortion (OR(ASCUS) = 1.68, OR(AGUS) = 3.50) were correlated with ASCUS and AGUS. In LSIL group and HSIL group, age of first sexual intercourse (OR(LSIL) = 6.34, OR(HSIL) = 9.26), number of sex partners (OR(LSIL) = 1.69, OR(HSIL) = 1.65), number of abortion (OR(LSIL) = 1.53, OR(HSIL) = 5.33), smoking (OR(LSIL) = 1.84, OR(HSIL) = 1.77) were remarkable variables. The infection of human papilloma virus (HPV) and trichomonas vaginitis were correlated with abnormal cervical cytology (including ASCUS, AGUS, LSIL and HSIL) significantly (P < 0.01). Columnar epithelium dystopia were also significantly correlated with abnormal cervical cytology (chi(2) = 43.269, P = 0.000). However, abnormal cervical cytology was uncorrelated with degrees of Columnar epithelium dystopia.
The risk factors associated with abnormal cervical cytology in pregnant women were the same with those of non-pregnant women.
No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To find new serum tumor markers for ovarian epithelial cancers by 2-DE DIGE and MALDI-TOF/TOF proteomic methods, in order to improve the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.
Serum samples from 103 cases of ovarian epithelial cancers, 60 cases of healthy women, 63 cases of benign ovarian tumors and 63 cases of benign pelvic diseases were collected. Sera of 20 cases of ovarian epithelial cancers (A), 20 cases of ovarian benign tumors (B), 20 cases of pelvic benign diseases (C) and 20 cases of health control (D) were matched by age and pooled, respectively. After depletion of high abundance serum albumin and IgG, the samples were assayed by 2-DE DIGE. The test was repeated three times. Analysis with DeCyder software revealed significant differential protein spots which were identified by MAIDI-TOF/TOF. Western blot and ELISA were used to validate the candidate serum markers.
1) There were 41 proteins having significant differences between the groups. MAIDI-TOF/TOF successfully identified 28 proteins. Haptoglobin (Hp) was the most significantly up-regulated protein, and transferrin (Tf) was the most significantly down-regulated protein. 2) Western blot and ELISA proved that there were significant differences in Hp and Tf between ovarian epithelial cancers and normal controls (P = 0.000), between ovarian epithelial cancers and ovarian benign tumors (P = 0.000), between ovarian epithelial cancers and benign pelvic disease sera (P = 0.000). 3) CA125 + Hp + Tf combined detection of ovarian cancer had higher sensitivity and specificity than CA125, Hp or Tf detection alone.
Hp and Tf are differently expressed in the sera of patients with ovarian epitheliual cancers. They can be used as serum biomarkers for ovarian epithelial cancers. CA125 + Hp + Tf combined detection may improve the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis of ovarian epithelial cancers.
No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the situation of residual lesions in excision margin after loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) and cold knife conization (CKC) and the risk factors of recurrence in the cases featuring with positive margin.
The medical records of 1213 women undergoing LEEP or CKC, aged (35 +/- 5) (22-40), were retrospectively reviewed. 148 of the 1213 patients (12.2%) who were identified as with positive margin were re-underwent pathological reexamination. 118 of the 148 patients were diagnosed as with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III (CIN III) and 30 as with stage Ia invasive cervical carcinoma. These patients were followed up for 12-99 months. The pathologic diagnoses, position of positive margin, and residual lesion in subsequent specimens were analyzed.
Endocervical positive margins were identified in 30 of the 118 (25.4%) CIN III patients and 26 of the 30 (86.6%) stage Ia patients. Residual lesions were found in 15 of the 28 (53.6%) stage Ia cases and 4 pf the 19 (19%) CIN III cases. The rates of endocervical positive margin and residual lesion were higher in stage Ia patients. The risk of residual lesion was 53.1% (17/32) in the patients with endocervical positive margins, significantly higher than that of the patients with extracervical positive margin (16.7%). Recurrence was found in 90 patients during follow-up.
Residual lesions often occur in some patients with positive margin. Choice between additional surgery and closely follow-up in the young patients with positive margins who want to preserve their fertility depends on the lesion seriousness and positive position. Residual lesions more frequently exist in the patients with microinvasion and endocervical positivity. Additional surgery should be considered in these cases.
No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Zhonghua yi xue za zhi