[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: To overcome the limitations of existing models, we developed a novel experimental in vivo platform for replacing mouse liver with functioning human liver tissue. To do this, a herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSVtk) transgene was expressed within the liver of highly immunodeficient NOG mice (TK-NOG). Mouse liver cells expressing this transgene were ablated after a brief exposure to a non-toxic dose of ganciclovir (GCV), and transplanted human liver cells are stably maintained within the liver (humanized TK-NOG) without exogenous drug. The reconstituted liver was shown to be a mature and functioning "human organ" that had zonal position-specific enzyme expression and a global gene expression pattern representative of mature human liver; and could generate a human-specific profile of drug metabolism. The 'humanized liver' could be stably maintained in these mice with a high level of synthetic function for a prolonged period (8 months). This novel in vivo system provides an optimized platform for studying human liver physiology, including drug metabolism, toxicology, or liver regeneration.
Full-text available · Article · Feb 2011 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Severely immunodeficient NOD/Shi-scid IL2Rg(null) (NOG) mice are used as recipients for human tissue transplantation, which produces chimeric mice with various types of human tissue. NOG mice expressing transgenic urokinase-type plasminogen activator in the liver (uPA-NOG) were produced. Human hepatocytes injected into uPA-NOG mice repopulated the recipient livers with human cells. The uPA-NOG model has several advantages over previously produced chimeric mouse models of human liver: (1) the severely immunodeficient NOG background enables higher xenogeneic cell engraftment; (2) the absence of neonatal lethality enables mating of homozygotes, which increased the efficacy of homozygote production; and (3) donor xenogeneic human hepatocytes could be readily transplanted into young uPA-NOG mice, which provide easier surgical manipulation and improved recipient survival.
Article · Nov 2008 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications