Shao-Liang Chen

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (2)5.49 Total impact

  • Xi Zhang · Xin-Rong Yang · Yu Chen · Hai-Qing Li · Wen-Ya Liu · Qing-Xi Yuan · Shao-Liang Chen
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    ABSTRACT: The purposes of this study were to evaluate whether a novel radiographic technique, diffraction-enhanced radiographic imaging, would render high-contrast images of mouse livers, hearts, and kidneys and to determine whether blood vessels and bile ducts can be differentiated on images of mouse livers. For imaging of the bile ducts, mouse livers were excised 20 or 35 days after ligation of the common bile duct. Livers, hearts, and kidneys of control mice also were excised for imaging. The diffraction-enhanced imaging experiments were performed with a silicon 333 crystal diffraction plane and an 18-keV x-ray beam. The beam incident to the sample measured 20 mm (horizontal) x 11 mm (vertical). Images were acquired with the analyzer crystal set at different positions of the rocking curve. Only dilated bile ducts, no normal bile ducts, were found. With diffraction-enhanced imaging without a contrast agent, the blood vessels of the liver, heart, and kidney were visualized to a scale of tens of micrometers. Diffraction-enhanced imaging with a silicon 333 crystal plane had excellent contrast in the detection of blood vessels and pathologically dilated bile ducts and may be a promising radiographic technique for basic medical research.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · American Journal of Roentgenology
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    ABSTRACT: It is virtually impossible to observe blood vessels by conventional x-ray imaging techniques without using contrast agents. In addition, such x-ray systems are typically incapable of detecting vessels with diameters less than 200 microm. Here we show that vessels as small as 30 microm could be detected using in-line phase-contrast x-ray imaging without the use of contrast agents. Image quality was greatly improved by replacing resident blood with physiological saline. Furthermore, an entire branch of the portal vein from the main axial portal vein to the eighth generation of branching could be captured in a single phase-contrast image. Prior to our work, detection of 30 microm diameter blood vessels could only be achieved using x-ray interferometry, which requires sophisticated x-ray optics. Our results thus demonstrate that in-line phase-contrast x-ray imaging, using physiological saline as a contrast agent, provides an alternative to the interferometric method that can be much more easily implemented and also offers the advantage of a larger field of view. A possible application of this methodology is in animal tumor models, where it can be used to observe tumor angiogenesis and the treatment effects of antineoplastic agents.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Physics in Medicine and Biology