[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have studied the chemopreventive role of naringenin against experimental gastric carcinogenesis in male Wistar rats. The animals were divided into five groups and six animals were included in each group. Stomach, liver, sera and kidney specimens were collected in the 20th week and the level of glycoproteins namely, hexose, hexosamine, sialic acid and fucose, were measured in the control, gastric cancer-induced, cancer naringenin pretreated, cancer naringenin posttreated and naringenin alone animals. The glycoprotein levels were increased in the gastric cancer-induced rats when compared with the control rats. The levels of glycoprotein were decreased significantly in cancer-bearing rats supplemented with naringenin as compared with the gastric cancer-induced rats. The result shows the gastroprotective effect of naringenin and describes the likelihood of naringenin in maintaining the integrity of cell membranes and gastric mucosa against oxidative damage. Moreover, we hypothesize that regulation of glycoprotein levels by naringenin could be associated with the regression of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine-induced gastric carcinoma.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2008 · Anti-Cancer Drugs
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PCBs are one of the environmental toxicants and neurotoxic compounds which induce the production of free radicals leading to oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is a contributing factor to alteration caused in neurodegenerative processes. The ability of Vitamin C to retard oxidative processes has been recognized for many years. Therefore, the present experiment was carried out to determine the antioxidant role of ascorbate on Aroclor 1254 induced oxidative stress in brain regions of albino rats. One group of rats received corn oil as vehicle for 30 days as control. The other group of rats were administered Aroclor 1254 at a dose of 2 mg/kg bw/day intraperitoneally for 30 days. One group of rats received Vitamin C (100 mg/kg bw/day) orally simultaneously with Aroclor 1254 for 30 days. The brain was dissected to cerebral cortex (Cc), cerebellum (C) and hippocampus (H). Enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), reduced glutathione (GSH) and Vitamin C were estimated. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and acetylcholine esterase activity (AchE) were determined. Activities of SOD, CAT, GPx, GST, AchE and the concentration of GSH, Vitamin C were decreased while an increase in H(2)O(2) and LPO were observed in brain regions of PCB treated animals. Vitamin C administration retrieved all the parameters except GST, significantly. These results suggest that PCB induces oxidative stress in rat brain by decreasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes, which can be protected by Vitamin C treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Garlic has been used throughout the world to treat coughs, toothache, earache, dandruff, hypertension, hysteria, diarrhoea, dysentery, diptheria, vaginitis and many other conditions. Garlic contains a complex mixture of oil and water-soluble organosulfur compounds. Diallyl disulfide (DADS), an oil-soluble constituent of garlic seems to be effective in reducing tumour cells originating from colon, lung and skin. Hence our present study focuses on the dose-dependent effect of DADS on an androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell line. Various concentrations of DADS ranging from 25 to 100 microM were given to LNCaP cells and the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) prostatic acid phosphatase (PAcP) and the level of prostate specific antigen were studied. DADS reduced the secretory activity of LNCaP cells with the gradual increase in dosage. DADS was found to act as a good antiproliferative agent, which was confirmed by proliferation assay. DADS also induced apoptosis and nuclear segmentation in the higher doses.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2006 · Cell Biochemistry and Function
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PCBs are one of the environmental toxicants and neurotoxic compounds which induce the production of free radicals leading to oxidative stress. Vitamin C is well known as an outstanding antioxidant. We determined the protective role of ascorbate on hypothalamic antioxidant system of Aroclor 1254 exposed rats.
The rats were injected Aroclor 1254 at a dose of 2 mg/kg bw/day intraperitoneally for 30 days. One group of rats received vitamin C (100 mg/kg bw/day) orally simultaneously with Aroclor 1254 for 30 days. Twenty-four hours after last treatment, the animals were killed and hypothalamic region was separated from brain tissue. Enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR) and vitamin C were estimated. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and acetylcholine esterase (AchE) activity were determined. Serum gonadotropins such as luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) were also assayed.
Activities of SOD, CAT, GPx, GR, AchE and the concentration of vitamin C were decreased while an increase in H(2)O(2) and LPO were observed in hypothalamus of PCB treated animals. LH and FSH concentrations were also decreased in serum of PCB exposed animals. Vitamin C administration retrieved all the parameters significantly except serum hormonal profiles.
PCB induces oxidative stress in hypothalamus by decreasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes, which can be protected by vitamin C treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent and bioaccumulative environmental toxicants. Previous studies suggested that PCBs (Aroclor 1254) induce toxic effects including reproductive toxicity. The present study was designed to investigate the impact of Aroclor 1254 on Sertoli cellular function and antioxidant system of adult rat in vitro. Sertoli cells were isolated from adult rat testes and treated with various concentrations (10(-10) to 10(-7) M) of Aroclor 1254 for 6, 12 and 24 h. After the treatment period, cell viability was assessed and the Sertoli cellular antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT) and glutathione reductase (GR) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) were assayed. In addition, androgen binding protein (ABP) and lactate secretions were also quantified in Sertoli cell culture medium. Sertoli cellular viability and activity of antioxidant enzymes were significantly reduced in Aroclor 1254 (10(-10) to 10(-7) M) treatment for 6, 12 and 24 h whereas, the Sertoli cellular lipid peroxidation was significantly increased in a dose and duration dependent manner. In addition, ABP secretion diminished and lactate secretion was significantly elevated in the same manner. To conclude, the present study suggested that Aroclor 1254 disrupts Sertoli cellular metabolic functions such as ABP, lactate secretions and activity of antioxidant enzymes.