Publications (3)5.7 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Sub-Saharan Africans face an increasing burden of hypertension and related cardiac and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, making the identification of factors leading to early vascular abnormalities imperative. We investigated the possible influence of the antioxidant glutathione (GSH) on early subclinical atherosclerosis in 63 hypertensive (aged 45.2 years) and 34 normotensive (aged 38.9 years; P < 0.001) nondiabetic African men. We measured ambulatory daytime systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP) as well as daytime mean arterial pressure (MAP), carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and calculated the cross-sectional wall area. We determined the reduced form of GSH in whole blood and blood glucose in serum. Blood glucose (110 vs. 92 mg/dl; P < 0.001) and CIMT (0.75 vs. 0.61 mm; P < 0.001) were higher in hypertensives compared to normotensives. No significant difference existed for GSH. Associations in normotensives suggested the hypotensive effect of GSH after single (SBP: r = -0.35, P < or = 0.05; DBP: r = -0.37, P < or = 0.05; MAP: r = -0.38, P < or = 0.05) and multiple (SBP: B = -0.015, P < 0.05; DBP: B = -0.011, P < 0.05; MAP: B = -0.012, P < 0.05) regression analyses. In hypertensives, CIMT (B = -0.00027, P < 0.01) and cross-sectional wall area (CSWA) (B = -0.0066, P < 0.05) correlated negatively with GSH. These findings were consistent after excluding 10 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive hypertensive subjects. Conclusions: In hypertensive African men, CIMT is negatively associated with GSH, suggesting a possible contributory role of attenuated GSH levels in the development of subclinical atherosclerosis.
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ABSTRACT: The increasing prevalence of hypertension and vascular-related morbidity and mortality among Africans emphasizes the need to identify markers for the early detection of vascular disease. Caucasian-based studies demonstrate that the von Willebrand factor (vWf) is a useful marker of vascular dysfunction. We investigated whether associations between this marker and markers of cardiovascular function in Caucasian women are comparable with African women. The study consisted of apparently healthy African (n = 99) and Caucasian (n = 114) women (mean age, 31.0 years), individually matched for age and body mass index. We measured blood pressure and arterial compliance noninvasively, and vWf in serum. We assessed univariate and multivariate-adjusted associations of blood pressure and arterial compliance with vWf. Although no ethnic difference existed for mean vWf levels, Caucasian and African women showed opposite associations of blood pressure and arterial compliance with vWf after single, partial, and multiple regression analyses. In Caucasians, after full adjustment, systolic (beta = +0.179; P < 0.05) and diastolic (beta = +0.190; P < 0.05) blood pressure correlated positively and arterial compliance negatively (beta = -0.197; P < 0.01) with vWf. Conversely, in Africans, systolic blood pressure correlated weakly, but negatively (beta = -0.168; P = 0.059) with vWf. However, this opposite tendency seemed due to the confounding influence of the depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) contraceptive injection and, although >99% power existed, significance disappeared after excluding these subjects (beta = -0.071; P = 0.46). Associations of vWf with blood pressure and arterial compliance were not comparable between Caucasian and African women, suggesting that the vWf may not be a useful marker of vascular alterations in African women.
North West University South Africa
Potchefstroom, North-West, South Africa
- School for Physiology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences