[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by chorea, behavioral disturbances and dementia, caused by a pathological expansion of the CAG trinucleotide in the HTT gene. Several patients have been recognized with the typical HD phenotype without the expected mutation. The objective of this study was to assess the occurrence of diseases such as Huntington's disease-like 2 (HDL2), spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) 1, SCA2, SCA3, SCA7, dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) and chorea-acanthocytosis (ChAc) among 29 Brazilian patients with a HD-like phenotype. In the group analyzed, we found 3 patients with HDL2 and 2 patients with ChAc. The diagnosis was not reached in 79.3% of the patients. HDL2 was the main cause of the HD-like phenotype in the group analyzed, and is attributable to the African ancestry of this population. However, the etiology of the disease remains undetermined in the majority of the HD negative patients with HD-like phenotype.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mutations in SOD1, ANG, VAPB, TARDBP and FUS genes have been identified in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
The relative contributions of the different mutations to ALS were estimated by systematically screening a cohort of 162 families enrolled in France and 500 controls (1000 chromosomes) using molecular analysis techniques and performing phenotype-genotype correlations.
31 pathogenic missense mutations were found in 36 patients (20 SOD1, 1 ANG, 1 VAPB, 7 TARDBP and 7 FUS). Surprisingly two FUS mutation carriers also harboured ANG variants. One family of Japanese origin with the P56S VAPB mutation was identified. Seven novel mutations (three in SOD1, two in TARDBP, two in FUS) were found. None of them was detected in controls. Segregation of detected mutations with the disease was confirmed in 11 families including five pedigrees carrying the novel mutations. Clinical comparison of SOD1, TARDBP, FUS and other familial ALS patients (with no mutation in the screened genes) revealed differences in site of onset (predominantly lower limbs for SOD1 and upper limbs for TARDBP mutations), age of onset (younger with FUS mutations), and in lifespan (shorter for FUS carriers). One third of SOD1 patients survived more than 7 years: these patients had earlier disease onset than those presenting with a more typical course. Differences were also observed among FUS mutations, with the R521H FUS mutation being associated with longer disease duration.
This study identifies new genetic associations with ALS and provides phenotype-genotype correlations with both previously reported and novel mutations.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2010 · Journal of Medical Genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A K17I mutation in the ANG gene encoding angiogenin has been identified in a case that we previously published as ALS with neuronal intranuclear protein inclusions (Seilhean et al. in Acta Neuropathol 108:81-87, 2004). These inclusions were immunoreactive for smooth muscle alpha-actin but not for angiogenin. Moreover, they were not labeled by anti-TDP-43 antibodies, while numerous cytoplasmic inclusions immunoreactive for ubiquitin, p62 and TDP-43 were detected in both oligodendrocytes and neurons in various regions of the central nervous system. In addition, expression of smooth muscle alpha-actin was increased in the liver where severe steatosis was observed. This is the first neuropathological description of a case with an ANG mutation. Angiogenin is known to interact with actin. Like other proteins involved in ALS pathogenesis, such as senataxin, TDP-43 and FUS/TLS, it plays a role in RNA maturation.
No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Acta Neuropathologica