Publications (3)8.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Identifying genetic variants of the ABO gene may reveal new biologic mechanisms underlying variant phenotypes of the ABO blood group. We report the molecular genetic analysis of 322 apparently unrelated ABO subgroup individuals in an estimated 2.1 million donors. Study Design and Methods We performed phenotype investigations by serology studies, analyzed the DNA sequence of the ABO gene by direct sequencing or sequencing after cloning, and evaluated promoter activity by reporter assays. ResultsIn 62 rare ABO alleles, we identified 29 novel ABO subgroup alleles in 43 apparently unrelated subgroup individuals and their four available pedigrees. Of these alleles, one was a deletion-mutation allele, four were hybrid alleles, and 24 were point-mutation alleles. Most of the point mutations were detected in Exons 6 to 7, while several others were also detected in Exons 1 to 5 or splicing regions. One ABO promoter mutation, -35 to -18 del, was found and verified to reduce promoter activity, as determined by dual luciferase assays. Two mutations, 7G>T and 52C>T, carrying the premature terminal codons E3X and R18X in the 5-region, were found to be associated with the very weak ABO subgroups Ael and Bel. Conclusion Twenty-nine ABO subgroup alleles were newly linked to different kinds of ABO variations. We provide the first evidence that promoter abnormality is involved in the formation of weak ABO phenotypes. We also described the first naturally occurring ABO alleles with premature terminal codons in the 5-region that led to Ael and Bel phenotypes.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Transfusion
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    Preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Blood transfusion = Trasfusione del sangue
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    ABSTRACT: B(x) is a very rare ABO blood group phenotype and the molecular mechanism underlying it still remains largely unknown. This study reports two novel B(x) alleles in two Chinese individuals. Serologic investigations including serum transferase activity assay were performed with standard methods. DNA sequences of all seven exons and exon-intron boundaries of ABO gene were analyzed using genomic DNA by polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing or sequencing after gene cloning. B(x) phenotypes were diagnosed in these two individuals. DNA analysis revealed that the ABO gene of the two B(x) individuals was heterozygous of O01/B alleles. Two novel heterozygous mutations 905A>G and 541T>C were identified, respectively, which resulted in the amino acid changes D302G and W181R in the B glycosyltransferases. The mutations were not found in 120 randomly selected samples. Amino acid substitutions resulted from novel mutations 905A>G and 541T>C on ABO gene change highly conserved regions of the enzyme and may reduce the activity of the glycosyltransferases, leading to the B(x) phenotype.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Transfusion