[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
A large body of evidence has shown the possible relevance of polymorphisms of the genes that encode glutathione S-transferase μ, π and θ (GSTM1, GSTP1 and GST1, respectively) to the susceptibility of acute myeloid leukemia, but the exact association still remains uncertain. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship.
A comprehensive literature search of PubMed and Web of Knowledge electronic databases was conducted to collect relevant studies until 20 February 2014. References of the retrieved articles were also screened. The extracted data were statistically analyzed, and pooled odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated to estimate the association strength using Review Manager version 5.2.
Twenty-nine studies were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled analyses revealed that the GSTM1-null genotype was associated with an increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia in East Asians (P = 0.01; odds ratio = 1.22; 95% confidence interval = 1.05-1.42), and GSTT1-null genotype in Caucasians (P < 0.0001; odds ratio = 1.48; 95% confidence interval = 1.29-1.69). There was also a predilection towards the female gender for both of these polymorphisms. For GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism, no significant association was found under any contrast model. In addition, the presence of the double-null genotypes increased the risk of acute myeloid leukemia in both Caucasians and East Asians.
This meta-analysis suggested that heritable GST status could influence the risk of developing acute myeloid leukemia.
Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Glutathione S-transferase (GST), a phase II metabolizing enzyme, plays an important role in the cellar defense system, and its activity may modulate leukemia risk. A large body of evidence has shown the possible relevance of functional polymorphisms of the genes that encode GSTs μ, π, and θ (GSTM1, GSTP1, and GST1, respectively) to the genetic susceptibility of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Because of the lack of available conclusive data, we performed a meta-analysis of all relevant available studies to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship. A comprehensive literature search of PubMed and Web of Knowledge electronic databases was conducted to collect relevant studies until December 20, 2013, and the extracted data were statistically analyzed using Review Manager version 5.2. Finally, 16 eligible studies were identified in the literature. The GSTT1 null genotype was associated with an increased risk of CML, as were the double null GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes. These findings suggest that heritable GST status influences the risk of developing CML and that more attention should be paid to carriers of these susceptibility genes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Breast cancer is a common malignant tumor which affects health of women and multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the main factors leading to failure of chemotherapy. This study was conducted to establish paclitaxel-resistant breast cancer cell line and nude mice models to explore underlying mechanisms of MDR.
The breast cancer drug-sensitive cell line MCF-7 (MCF-7/S) was exposed in stepwise escalating paclitaxel (TAX) to induce a resistant cell line MCF-7/TAX. Cell sensitivity to drugs and growth curves were measured by MTT assay. Changes of cell morphology and ultrastructure were examined by optical and electron microscopy. The cell cycle distribution was determined by flow cytometry. Furthermore, expression of proteins related to breast cancer occurrence and MDR was tested by immunocytochemistry. In Vivo, nude mice were injected with MCF-7/S and MCF-7/TAX cells and weights and tumor sizes were observed after paclitaxel treatment. In addition, proteins involved breast cancer and MDR were detected by immunohistochemistry.
Compared to MCF-7/S, MCF-7/TAX cells had a higher resistance to paclitaxel, cross-resistance and prolonged doubling time. Moreover, MCF-7/TAX showed obvious alterations of ultrastructure. Estrogen receptor (ER) expression was low in drug resistant cells and tumors while expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and Ki-67 was up-regulated. P-glycoprotein (P-gp), lung resistance-related protein (LRP) and glutathione-S-transferase-π (GST-π) involved in the MDR phenotype of resistant cells and tumors were all overexpressed.
The underlying MDR mechanism of breast cancer may involve increased expression of P-gp, LRP and GST-π.
Preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare alpha-glycosidase inhibitor microamount screening models which are established by two different resources alpha-glycosidase to screen the Chinese herbal medicines which have great alpha-glycosidase inhibition.
Comparing the activities of two different resources alpha-glycosidase with glucose oxidase method, then establishing optimal reaction conditions. Extracting the water soluble compositions of Chinese gallnut, paeoniae radix, Glycyrrhiza, rhubarb, fructus by boiling ,then using the alpha-glycosidase inhibition model to check and compare their alpha-glycosidase inhibitions.
Five Chinese herbal medicines all had alpha-glycosidase inhibition, and the greatest was Chinese gallnut.
The activities of two resources alpha-glycosidase are certainly different, but they do not have significant influence on findings of screening alpha-glycosidase inhibitors in vitro. Water soluble compositions of five Chinese herbal medicines have alpha-glycosidase inhibition.
No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials