[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Figitumumab is a fully human IgG2 monoclonal antibody targeting the insulin-like growth-factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R). Preclinical data suggest a dependence on insulin-like growth-factor signalling for sarcoma subtypes, including Ewing's sarcoma, and early reports show antitumour activity of IGF-1R-targeting drugs in these diseases.
Between January, 2006, and August, 2008, patients with refractory, advanced sarcomas received figitumumab (20 mg/kg) in two single-stage expansion cohorts within a solid-tumour phase 1 trial. The first cohort (n=15) included patients with multiple sarcoma subtypes, age 18 years or older, and the second cohort (n=14) consisted of patients with refractory Ewing's sarcoma, age 9 years or older. The primary endpoint was to assess the safety and tolerability of figitumumab. Secondary endpoints included pharmacokinetic profiling and preliminary antitumour activity (best response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours [RECIST]) in evaluable patients who received at least one dose of medication. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00474760.
29 patients, 16 of whom had Ewing's sarcoma, were enrolled and received a total of 177 cycles of treatment (median 2, mean 6.1, range 1-24). Grade 3 deep venous thrombosis, grade 3 back pain, and grade 3 vomiting were each noted once in individual patients; one patient had grade 3 increases in aspartate aminotransferase and gammaglutamyltransferase concentrations. This patient also had grade 4 increases in alanine aminotransferase concentrations. The only other grade 4 adverse event was raised concentrations of uric acid, noted in one patient. Pharmacokinetics were comparable between patients with sarcoma and those with other solid tumours. 28 patients were assessed for response; two patients, both with Ewing's sarcoma, had objective responses (one complete response and one partial response) and eight patients had disease stabilisation (six with Ewing's sarcoma, one with synovial sarcoma, and one with fibrosarcoma) lasting 4 months or longer.
Figitumumab is well tolerated and has antitumour activity in Ewing's sarcoma, warranting further investigation in this disease.
Pfizer Global Research and Development.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · The Lancet Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor signaling through upregulation of the stimulatory ligand IGF-II has been implicated in the pathogenesis of adrenocortical carcinoma. As there is a paucity of effective therapies, this dose expansion cohort of a phase 1 study was undertaken to determine the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and effects on endocrine markers of figitumumab in patients with adrenocortical carcinoma.
Figitumumab was administered on day 1 of each 21-day cycle at the maximal feasible dose (20 mg/kg) to a cohort of patients with metastatic, refractory adrenocortical carcinoma. Serum glucose, insulin, and growth hormone were measured pre-study, at cycle 4 and study end. Pharmacokinetic evaluation was performed during cycles 1 and 4.
Fourteen patients with adrenocortical carcinoma received 50 cycles of figitumumab at the 20 mg/kg. Treatment-related toxicities were generally mild and included hyperglycemia, nausea, fatigue, and anorexia. Single episodes of grade 4 hyperuricemia, proteinuria, and elevated gamma-glutamyltransferase were observed. Pharmacokinetics of figitumumab was comparable to patients with solid tumors other than adrenocortical carcinoma. Treatment with figitumumab increased serum insulin and growth hormone levels. Eight of 14 patients (57%) had stable disease.
The side effect profile and pharmacokinetics of figitumumab were similar in patients with adrenocortical carcinoma in comparison to patients with other solid tumors. While hyperglycemia was the most common adverse event, no clear patterns predicting severity were observed. The majority of patients receiving protocol therapy with single agent figitumumab experienced stability of disease, warranting further evaluation.
Preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: A phase I first-in-human study was conducted to characterize the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic properties of the anti-insulinlike growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-IR) monoclonal antibody CP-751,871.
After informed consent and screening, 47 patients with multiple myeloma in relapse or refractory phase were enrolled into 11 dose-escalation cohorts of CP-751,871 at doses from 0.025 to 20 mg/kg for 4 weeks. Patients with less than a partial response to CP-751,871 treatment were eligible to receive CP-751,871 in combination with oral dexamethasone at the discretion of the investigator. Treatment with CP-751,871 and rapamycin with or without dexamethasone was also offered to patients enrolled in the 10 and 20 mg/kg cohorts with less than a partial response to initial therapy with single-agent CP-751,871.
No CP-751,871-related dose-limiting toxicities were identified. Plasma CP-751,871 concentrations increased with dose and concentration-time profiles were consistent with those of antibodies with target-mediated disposition. Importantly, CP-751,871 administration led to a decrease in granulocyte IGF-IR expression and serum insulinlike growth factor 1 accumulation at high doses, suggesting systemic IGF-IR inhibition. Tumor response was assessed according to the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation criteria. Nine responses were reported in 27 patients treated with CP-751,871 in combination with dexamethasone. Of interest, two of the patients with a partial response were progressing from dexamethasone treatment at study entry.
These data indicate that CP-751,871 is well tolerated and may constitute a novel agent in the treatment of multiple myeloma.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Journal of Clinical Oncology